Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary
a title borne by all the Roman emperors till the destruction of the empire. It took its rise from the surname of the first emperor, Caius Julius Caesar; and this title, by a decree of the senate, all the succeeding emperors were to bear. In Scripture, the reigning emperor is generally mentioned by the name of Caesar, without expressing any other distinction:
so in Matthew 22:21 ," Render unto Caesar," &c, Tiberius is meant; and in Acts 25:10 , "I appeal unto Caesar," Nero is intended.
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Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Caesar'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wtd/c/caesar.html. 1831-2.