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Holman Bible Dictionary
Herbs eaten with the Passover meal (Exodus 12:8
; Numbers 9:11
). They were interpreted as symbolizing the bitter experiences of the Israelites' slavery in Egypt. Some have suggested that the bitter herbs comprised a salad including lettuce, endive, chicory, and dandelion. The word translated “bitterness” in Lamentations 3:15
is the same word translated “bitter herbs.”
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Bitter Herbs'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/b/bitter-herbs.html. 1991.