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Holman Bible Dictionary
A salad of bitter herbs was eaten as part of the Passover observance (Exodus 12:8
; Numbers 9:11
). Such a meal could be quickly prepared and was appropriate to commemorate Israel's hasty retreat from Egypt (Exodus 12:11
). Later the bitter herbs were associated with the bitterness of Egyptian slavery (compare Exodus 1:14
). Bitter herbs possibly included lettuce, chicory, eryngo, horseradish, and sowthistle. See Plants in the Bible
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Herbs, Bitter'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/h/herbs-bitter.html. 1991.