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King James Dictionary
SAD, a. It is probable this word is from the root of set. I have not found the word is from the root of set. I have not found the word in the English sense, in any other language.
1. Sorrowful affected with grief cast down with affliction.
Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad.
Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life.
2. Habitually melancholy gloomy not gay or cheerful.
See in her cell sad Eloisa spread.
3. Downcast gloomy having the external appearance of sorrow as a sad countenance. Matthew 6 .
4. Serious grave not gay, light or volatile.
Lady Catherine, a sad and religious woman.
5. Afflictive calamitous causing sorrow as a sad accident a sad misfortune.
6. Dark colored.
Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colors.
This sense is, I believe, entirely obsolete.
7. Bad vexatious as a sad husband. Colloquial.
8. Heavy weighty ponderous.
With that his hand more sad than lump of lead. Obs.
9. Close firm cohesive opposed to light or friable.
Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad. Obs.
The two latter senses indicate that the primary sense is set, fixed.
Dictionary of Words from the King James Bible. Public Domain. Copy freely.
Material presented was supplied by Brandon Staggs and was derived from the KJV Dictionary found on his website located at av1611.com.
The unabridged 1828 version of this dictionary in the SwordSearcher Bible Software.
Entry for 'Sad'. King James Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/kjd/s/sad.html.