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1910 New Catholic Dictionary
A kind of pain caused by an interior apprehension, through our sensitive appetite, of some evil that affects us. This interior apprehension extends to more objects than the exterior, which causes pain but not sorrow, since it can perceive the present, past, and future, while the latter only regards something present. The proper object of sadness is one's own pain or loss, as distinct from that of pity which is sorrow for another's pain or loss, and from that of envy which is sorrow at another's good.
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Entry for 'Sadness'. 1910 New Catholic Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ncd/s/sadness.html. 1910.