Morrish Bible Dictionary
Olive, Olive Tree
This was the principal source of oil in the East, the trees being extensively cultivated on the sides of the hills, and formed into 'olive yards.' See OIL. In the temple, within the holy of holies, Solomon made two cherubim of olive wood; the doors into the oracle were also made of the same wood. 1 Kings 6:23-33 .
Israel in general is called a green olive tree, fair and of goodly fruit, Jeremiah 11:16; and a good olive tree, with root and fatness; in contrast to the Gentiles who are compared to a wild olive tree. The fact that the wild olive tree needs grafting gives point to the passage in Romans 11:17-24 . God's two Jewish witnesses in a future day are called the two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. They will then be the fruit and light bearers on the earth. Zechariah 4:3,11,14; Revelation 11:3,4 . The Hebrew is zayith , and the Arabic name is zeitun: it is the Olea Europaea .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Olive, Olive Tree '. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/o/olive-olive-tree.html. 1897.