Morrish Bible Dictionary
1. This term was applied to any sojourning among the Israelites, who were not descendants of Israel. The law gave injunctions against the oppression of such. Numbers 15:14-30 .
2. Gentiles are also called 'strangers' from the covenants of promise ( Ephesians 2:12 ), showing that the covenants made with Israel did in no wise embrace the Gentiles, though God's grace at all times extended to them.
3. Those called strangers in 1 Peter 1:1 were Jews away from their own land: sojourners of the dispersion.
4. Both the O.T. and the N.T. saints were and are strangers upon earth. David said, "I am a stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were." Psalm 39:12 . They "confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth." Hebrews 11:13 . The same is true of the saints now. 1 Peter 2:11 . Their citizenship is in heaven, and this earth is no longer their home or their rest.
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Stranger'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/s/stranger.html. 1897.