the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
People's Dictionary of the Bible
Gall. A word which in the A. V. represents two or more Hebrew words. 1. The Hebrew word rôsh, rendered "hemlock" in Hosea 10:4; Amos 6:12, R. V., "gall," is generally rendered "gall," Deuteronomy 29:18; Psalms 69:21, meaning most probably the poppy; and thus Jeremiah 8:14, "water of gall," would be poppy-juice. It stands sometimes for poison generally. Deuteronomy 32:32. 2. Another word, merĕrah, or merorah, means the gall of the human body, Job 16:13; Job 20:25, and that of asps, Job 20:14, the poison being supposed to lie in the gall. The Greek cholç means a bitter humor of man or beast, taking sometimes a more general signification. Matthew 27:34. It is used metaphorically in Acts 8:23. The draught offered to our Lord at his crucifixion is said by Matthew to be mingled with gall, by Mark with myrrh. Matthew 27:34; Mark 15:23. If the two refer to the same act, Mark specifies the ingredient, while Matthew shows that the effect was to render the mixture bitter: as we say, "bitter as gall."
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Rice, Edwin Wilbur, DD. Entry for 'Gall'. People's Dictionary of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​rpd/​g/gall.html. 1893.