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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
a word probably connected with chloe, "yellow," denotes "gall," (a) literal, Matthew 27:34 (cp. Psalm 69:21 ); some regard the word here as referring to myrrh, on account of Mark 15:23; (b) metaphorical, Acts 8:23 , where "gall of bitterness" stands for extreme wickedness, productive of evil fruit. In the OT it is used (a) of a plant characterized by bitterness (probably wormwood), Deuteronomy 29:18; Hosea 10:4; Amos 6:12; (b) as the translation of the word mererah, "bitterness," Job 13:26 , e.g.; (c) as the translation of rosh, "venom;" in Deuteronomy 32:32 "(grapes) of gall." In Job 20:25 , the gall bladder is referred to (the receptacle of bile). The ancients supposed that the poison of serpents lay in the gall (see Job 20:14 ).
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Gall'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/g/gall.html. 1940.
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20