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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
denotes (a) "an army" of any size, large or small, Matthew 22:7; Revelation 9:16; 19:14,19 (twice); (b) "a company of soldiers," such as Herod's bodyguard, Luke 23:11 (RV, "soldiers") or the soldiers of a garrison, Acts 23:10,27 (RV, "the soldiers," for AV, "an army"). See SOLDIER , WAR.
from stratos, "a military host," pedon, "a plain," strictly denotes "an army encamped, a camp;" in Luke 21:20 , of the soldiers which were to be encamped about Jerusalem in fulfillment of the Lord's prophecy concerning the destruction of the city; the phrase might be translated "by camps" (or encampments).
lit., "a casting in among, an insertion" (para, "among," ballo, "to throw"), in the Macedonian dialect, was a military term. In the NT it denotes the distribution of troops in army formation, "armies," Hebrews 11:34; a camp, as of the Israelites, Exodus 19:17; 29:14; 32:17; hence, in Hebrews 13:11,13 , of Jerusalem, since the city was to the Jews what the camp in the wilderness had been to the Israelites; in Revelation 20:9 , the "armies" or camp of the saints, at the close of the Millennium. It also denoted a castle or barracks, Acts 21:34,37; 22:24; 23:10,16,32 .
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Army'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/a/army.html. 1940.