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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Greater

1: μείζων

(Strong's #3187 — Adjective — meizon — mide'-zone )

is the comparative degree of megas (see GREAT , No. 1), e.g., Matthew 11:11; in Matthew 13:32 , the RV rightly has "greater than" (AV, "the greatest among"); Matthew 23:17; in Luke 22:26 , RV, "the greater (among you)" (AV, "greatest"); in James 3:1 , RV, "the heavier (marg., greater) judgment" (AV, "the greater condemnation"); it is used in the neuter plural in John 1:50 , "greater things;" in John 14:12 , "greater works" (lit., "greater things"); in 1 Corinthians 12:31 , RV, "the greater," AV, "the best." See GREATEST , No. 2.

Note: In Matthew 20:31 , the neuter of meizon, used as an adverb, is translated "the more." See MORE.

2: μειζότερος

(Strong's #3186 — Adjective — meizoteros — mide-zot'-er-os )

a double comparative of megas (cp. No. 1, above), is used in 3 John 1:4 , of joy.

3: πλείων

(Strong's #4119 — Adjective — pleion — pli'-own, pli'-on, pleh'-on )

the comparative of polus (see GREAT , No. 2), is used (a) as an adjective, "greater, more," e.g., Acts 15:28; (b) as a noun, e.g., Matthew 12:41 , "a greater (than Jonah);" Matthew 12:42 , "a greater (than Solomon);" in these instances the neuter pleion, "something greater," is "a fixed or stereotyped form" of the word; in 1 Corinthians 15:6 , "the greater part" (masculine plural); (c) as an adverb, e.g., Matthew 5:20 , lit., "(except your righteousness abound) more greatly (than of scribes and Pharisees);" so Matthew 26:53 , "more;" Luke 9:13 . See ABOVE , LONGER , MANY , MORE , MOST , YET.

4: περισσότερος

(Strong's #4055 — comparative — perissoteros — per-is-sot'-er-os )

the comparative of perissos, "over and above, abundant," signifies "more abundant, greater," e.g., of condemnation, Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47 . See ABUNDANT , C, No. 2.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Greater'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/g/greater.html. 1940.

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