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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
an adjective (akin to leipo, "to leave") signifying "remaining," is used as a noun and translated "the rest" in the RV, where the AV has "the remnant," Matthew 22:6; Revelation 11:13; 12:17; 19:21 . See OTHER , RESIDUE , REST (the).
"that which is left" (akin to leipo, "to leave"), "a remnant," is used in Romans 11:5 , "there is a remnant," i.e., there is a spiritual "remnant" saved by the gospel from the midst of apostate Israel. While on one sense there has been and is a considerable number, yet, compared with the whole nation, past and present, the "remnant" is small, and as such is an evidence of God's electing grace (see ver. 4). In the Sept., 2 Kings 19:4 .
hupo, "under," signifying "diminution," and No. 2, is used in Romans 9:27 : some mss. have kataleimma, which has virtually the same meaning (kata, "down, behind"), "a remnant," where the contrast is drawn between the number of Israel as a whole, and the small number in it of those who are saved through the Gospel. The quotation is chiefly from the Sept. of Isaiah 10:22,23 , with a modification recalling Hosea 1:10 , especially with regard to the word "number." The return of the "remnant" is indicated in the name "Shear-Jashub," see Isaiah 7:3 , marg. The primary reference was to the return of a remnant from captivity to their own land and to God Himself; here the application is to the effects of the gospel. There is stress on the word "remnant."
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Remnant'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/remnant.html. 1940.
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29