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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
"a council of elders" (from geron, "an old man," a term which early assumed a political sense among the Greeks, the notion of age being merged in that of dignity), is used in Acts 5:21 , apparently epexegetically of the preceding word sunedrion, "council," the Sanhedrin.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Senate'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/senate.html. 1940.