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Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types
There were thirteen gates to Jerusalem. Twelve of them are described in Nehemiah and the thirteenth, called the "new gate," is found in Jeremiah 26:10.
They are listed as follows:
Valley Gate Nehemiah 2:13 (c) This gate portrays the humbleness of heart and mind which is essential before one can be saved. We must accept GOD's judgment against ourselves.
Fountain Gate Nehemiah 2:14 (c) This represents the fountain opened for sin and for uncleanness whereby the sinner may be saved through the shed Blood of JESUS.
Sheep Gate Nehemiah 3:1 (c) We are assured here that having been humbled and washed in the fountain, we now are His sheep. We are His sheep by the new birth.
Fish Gate Nehemiah 3:3 (c) This gate represents fruitfulness. Those who are saved go after others for CHRIST.
Old Gate Nehemiah 3:6 (c) We are warned here against new-fangled religions and the Christian is encouraged to stay by the old Book and the old path.
Dung Gate Nehemiah 3:14 (c) There are always things to be removed from the life. We should make provision to keep ourselves clean for GOD.
Water Gate Nehemiah 3:26 (c) There is living water to drink (the Holy Spirit), and there is water for cleansing (the water of His Word).
Horse Gate Nehemiah 3:28 (c) The Christian here is called to the service of the King and to hard work for Him in His vineyard. Horses are types of work and power.
East Gate Nehemiah 3:29 (c) The Son of Righteousness will arise. CHRIST is coming back again. We shall hail His return.
Miphkad Gate Nehemiah 3:31 (c) The word means "registry." GOD has registered the believer's name in the Book of Life and will look after all who are listed there.
Ephraim Gate Nehemiah 8:16 (c) Ephraim is the name applied to Israel when she was in a backslidden state. This is the gate by which the backslider may return to GOD. What an encouragement for us to go after those who have drifted away from GOD's fellowship.
Prison Gate Nehemiah 12:39 (c) This reminds us that there is a rebel within each of us, who is to be kept down under lest he injure and harm the work of GOD.
New Gate Jeremiah 26:10 (c) The Christian is to be constantly entering into new experiences of GOD's grace and new fields in GOD's service. We are to "enter into His gates with thanksgiving." There are many of them, so that one may be sure to get in and none need be shut out.
Genesis 22:17 (a) Since the gate is the entrance to the walled city, the possession of the gate indicates victory over the enemy and the conquering of his city. (See also Genesis 24:60).
Ruth 4:1, Ruth 4:11 (a) The gate in this place is a type of the principal place of business in various cities, but especially in the land of Israel. Here business was transacted, contracts were made, and judgment was executed. (See also Deuteronomy 21:19; Deuteronomy 22:24).
Psalm 24:7, Psalm 24:9 (a) This type is used to express the glorious entrance into Heaven of our wonderful Saviour when He returned from Calvary to glory. It is a figure to describe the triumphal entry of the Lord JESUS into His Father's presence and the palace of the King.
Psalm 100:4 (b) By this expression we understand that we come in prayer and praise by faith before GOD to worship and to adore Him.
Psalm 118:20 (b) Here we find a picture of the Lord JESUS through whom we enter into the courts of GOD and by whom we reach the palace of the King. He is the gate and the door. (See Genesis 28:17).
Proverbs 8:34 (b) By this type we understand GOD's thoughts about the portals of Heaven, the entrance into GOD's presence. The Christian waits before the Lord on his knees, and watches before the Lord as he reads the Scriptures and enjoys a sweet tryst with Him.
Proverbs 17:19 (b) This type is used to express self-exaltation, personal emulation, and egotistic assumption, of power, authority and position.
Song of Solomon 7:4 (b) This gate is the entrance to Heshbon. Just beside that gate were two beautiful pools. These pools are compared to the two eyes of the lover, clear, sparkling, beautiful, attractive.
Isaiah 3:26 (a) This represents the utter desolation of Jerusalem. She was to, be destroyed by her enemies and the gates burned with fire.
Isaiah 14:31 (a) By this figure GOD is revealing to us the terrible sorrow and pain which will fill the hearts of His people when the country of Palestine is destroyed.
Isaiah 24:12 (a) Here again we find a description of the terrible destruction of Jerusalem. Her gates will be destroyed so that there is no defense against the enemy.
Isaiah 26:2 (a) This is probably a millennial scene in which Jerusalem having been rebuilt will welcome all nations who fear GOD. (See also Isaiah 60:11; Isaiah 62:10).
Isaiah 45:1-2 (c) It may be that the gates in this passage represent both Judah and Israel, both of whom were to be conquered by the invading army. GOD often chose heathen kings as His instruments for whipping Israel. The brass indicates strength and judgments.
Isaiah 54:12 (c) Probably this type represents the glory of Jerusalem after it is rebuilt by our Lord and becomes again the head of the nations.
Lamentations 5:14 (b) This picture reveals the fact that the fine leaders of Israel had ceased to serve and to judge so that a state of chaos existed in the city.
Nahum 2:6 (b) Probably this refers to the control of the rivers. It may be noted that on several occasions rivers were diverted or changed in order to accomplish certain purposes.
Matthew 7:13 (b) The strait gate is the way of salvation by the Cross. It is GOD's only way. It is too narrow to admit both the sinner and his opinions or the sinner and his merits. It is just wide enough for the sinner himself to enter naked, empty, bankrupt and guilty.
Matthew 7:13 (b) The wide gate represents the way of the world. It includes all the many human religions that entice men to enter and promise them eternal life. It leads to destruction.
Matthew 16:18 (a) No doubt this figure is used to describe the power of Satan and of sin, the power and influence of every kind of evil. No influence from hell and no drawing power of the wicked one can affect the Church of GOD.
Hebrews 13:12 (a) As in the Old Testament the sacrifices for sin were carried outside the camp, away from the sanctuary of GOD so the Lord JESUS, when He was made sin for us, and became an offering for us, suffered outside Jerusalem on the hill of Calvary. He fulfilled fully the types in the Old Testament.
Revelation 21:12,21, 25 (c) These gates are no doubt poetic figures to represent the fact that only through Israel in the Old Testament as twelve tribes, and the disciples in the New Testament, as twelve men, does any person have any opportunity of entering into GOD's Kingdom. Through the Jews we receive our Bible, our Saviour, and all the revelations of spiritual truths. Through the twelve disciples or apostles we receive all knowledge of our Lord JESUS, and His way of salvation, except as typically described in the Old Testament. It is through the ministry and the teaching of these twenty-four men that we have our information, our knowledge of GOD, and learn the way to GOD.
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Watson, Walter. Entry for 'Ate'. Wilson's Dictoinary of Bible Types. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/wdt/a/ate.html. 1957.