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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #2719 - κατεσθίω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G2596) and (G2068) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to consume by eating, to eat up, devour
    1. of birds
    2. of a dragon
    3. of a man eating up the little book
  2. metaph.
    1. to devour i.e. squander, waste: substance
    2. to devour i.e. forcibly appropriate: widows' property
    3. to strip one of his goods
      1. to ruin (by the infliction of injuries)
    4. by fire, to devour i.e. to utterly consume, destroy
    5. of the consumption of the strength of body and mind by strong emotions
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1104 ‑ בָּלַע (baw‑lah');  1197 ‑ בָּעַר (baw‑ar');  2628 ‑ חָסַל (khaw‑sal');  3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  7921 ‑ שָׁכַל (shaw‑kole');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (20)
Matthew 3
Mark 3
Luke 3
John 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 7
NAS (15)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 5
CSB (14)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 5
BSB (14)
Matthew 1
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 5
ESV (12)
Mark 1
Luke 3
John 1
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 5
WEB (18)
Matthew 2
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 2
2 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Revelation 7
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. and later κατερῡκ-έσθω APl. 4.240 (Phil.), Mark 12:40, Dialex. 2.14 (Pass., 1.5, PMag.Lond. 46.279 (iv A.D.)): fut. κατέδομαι Il. 22.89, Od. 21.363, Ar. Av. 588: aor. κατέφαγον (v. καταφαγεῖν): pf. κατεδήδοκα Id. V. 838, Pax 386, etc.; part. κατὰ.. ἐδηδώς Il. 17.542: Pass., pf. κατεδήδεσμαι Pl. Phd. 11o e, Antiph. 161.3: aor. κατηδέσθην Pl.Com. 35:

1. eat up, devour, in Hom. freq. of animals of prey, λέων κατὰ ταῦρον ἐδηδώς Il. 17.542; of a serpent, [ νεοσσοὺς] κατήσθιε 2.314, cf. Od. 12.256; of a dolphin, κατεσθίει ὅν κε λάβῃσιν Il. 21.24; also of men, οἳ κατὰ βοῦς.. ἤσθιον Od. 1.8; τοὺς γονέας Hdt. 3.38, cf. 8.115, E. Cyc. 341; [ τυρὸν] αὐτοῖς τοῖς ταλάροις κ. Ar. Ra. 560; κατεδηδόκασι τὰ λάχαν ' Alex. 15.12: c. gen. partit., κ. πολλῶν πουλύπων Amips. 6.

2. eat up, devour one's substance, τὰ κοινά, τὰ πατρῷα, Ar. Eq. 258, Antiph. 239; τὰ ὄντα D. 38.27; πατρῴαν οὐσίαν Anaxipp. 1.32.

3. corrode, [ ῥεύματα] κ. γνάθους Hp. VM 19; λίθοι κατεδηδεσμένοι ὑπὸ σηπεδόνος Pl.l.c., cf. Dialex. 1.5 (Pass.); of the wind, κ. τὰ ἄνθη Thphr. CP 2.7.5: Pass., to be gnawed, ib. 5.17.7.

4. bite, τοῦ παλαιστοῦ τὸ οὖς Philostr. Im. 1.6.

5. κ. ἑαυτόν, metaph., of remorse, Lib. Or. 29.32, 256.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταφάγω, see κατεσθίω.

STRONGS NT 2719: κατεσθίω κατεσθίω, participle plural κατεσθοντες (Mark 12:40 Tr WH; see ἐσθίω and ἔσθω; cf. Fritzsche, Hdbch. z. d. Apokryphen, i., p. 150 (who says, 'The shorter form occurs frequently in the Sept., Leviticus 19:26; Sir. 20:15 (16), elsewhere almost exclusively poetic; see Alexander Buttmann (1873) Ausf. Sprachl. ii., p. 185' (cf. Veitch, under the word, ἐσθίω))); future καταφάγομαι (John 2:17 G L T Tr WH; see ἐσθίω); 2 aorist κατέφαγον; the Sept. for אָכַל;

1. properly, to consume by eating, to eat up, devour: τί, of birds, Matthew 13:4; Mark 4:4; Luke 8:5; of a dragon, Revelation 12:4; of a man, eating up the little book, i. e. eagerly taking its entire contents into his inmost soul, and, as we say, digesting it (borrowed from the figure in Ezekiel 2:10; Ezekiel 3:1-3, cf. Jeremiah 15:16): Revelation 10:9f.

2. Metaphorically, in various uses;

a. to devour i. e. squander, waste, substance: Luke 15:30 (often so in Greek writings from Homer, Odyssey 3, 315; 15, 12 down;devorare patrimonium, Catull. 29, 23).

b. to devour i. e. forcibly appropriate: τάς οἰκίας τῶν χηρῶν, widows' property, Matthew 23:14-13Rec.; Mark 12:40 (cf. Buttmann, 79 (69); Winer's Grammar, § 29, 2); Luke 20:47.

c. with an accusative of the person α. to strip one of his goods: 2 Corinthians 11:20. β. to ruin (by the infliction of injuries): Galatians 5:15.

d. of fire, to devour i. e. utterly consume, destroy: τινα, Revelation 11:5; Revelation 20:9.

e. of the consumption of the strength of body and mind by strong emotions: τινα, John 2:17 (Psalm 68:10 (); Josephus, Antiquities 7, 8, 1).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατ -εσθίω

("perfective" comp. of ἐσθίω , q.v., and cf. M, Pr., 111),

[in LXX chiefly for H398;]

to eat up, devour: c. acc, of seed, Matthew 13:4, Mark 4:4, Luke 8:5; τέκνον , Revelation 12:4; βιβλαρίδιον , Revelation 10:9-10; metaph., οἰκίας , Matthew 23:13, Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47; τ . βίον , Luke 15:30; c. acc pers., John 2:17 (LXX), 2 Corinthians 11:20, Galatians 5:15, Revelation 11:5; Revelation 20:9.†

(κατα -φάγω G5315), see (κατεσθίω . = G2719)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The perfective force of this verb (cf. Proleg. pp. 111, 115) is well seen in P Ryl II. 152.18 (A.D., 42), a complaint of damage to pasturage by sheep which κατενέμησαν καὶ κατέφαγαν καὶ τοῖς ὅλοις ἠφάνισαν, ";overran, cropped, and. utterly destroyed it"; (Edd.) : cf. P Flor II. 150.6 (A.D. 267) of crops ἀπὸ τῶν μυῶν κατεσθιόμενα, and P Oxy I. 58.6, .10 (A.D. 288) with reference to the multitude of officials who were ";swallowing up"; the estates of the treasury along with its surplus—βουλόμενοι τὰς ταμιακὰς οὐσίας κατεστείειν (l. κατεσθίειν) . . τὰ δὲ περιγεινόμενα κατεστείουσιν (l. κατεσθίουσιν). For the fut. καταφάγομαι, as in John 2:17 from the LXX, cf. P Iand 26.23 (A.D. 98) ἐφ᾽ ᾧ καταφάγοντ ̣α ̣ι (sc. τὰ πρόβατα), and with the shorter form of the part. κατέσθοντες in Mark 12:40 cf. the magic P Lond 46.268 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 73) ὑπὸ τῶν ἰχθύων σου ἡ κοιλία κατέσθεται.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταφαγε κατάφαγε καταφαγείν καταφαγεται καταφάγεται καταφάγεταί καταφαγέτω καταφαγη καταφάγη καταφάγῃ καταφάγοι καταφάγοισαν καταφάγονται καταφαγων καταφαγών κατέδεσθε κατεδέται κατέδεται κατέδονται κατέσθετε κατέσθη κατεσθιει κατεσθίει κατεσθιετε κατεσθίετε κατεσθιέτωσαν κατεσθίοντας κατεσθίοντες κατεσθίουσα κατεσθιούσης κατεσθίουσι κατεσθιουσιν κατεσθίουσιν κατεσθοντες κατέσθοντες κατέσθουσα κατευθύ κατέφαγε κατέφαγέ κατεφαγεν κατέφαγεν κατεφαγον κατέφαγον κατήσθιεν φαγε kataphage kataphagē katáphage kataphágei kataphágēi kataphagetai kataphágetaí kataphagon kataphagōn kataphagṓn katephagen katéphagen katephagon katéphagon katesthiei katesthíei katesthiete katesthíete katesthiontes katesthíontes katesthiousin katesthíousin
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