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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2719 - κατεσθίω

Transliteration
katesthíō
Phonetics
kat-es-thee'-o
Origin
from (G2596) and (G2068) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to consume by eating, to eat up, devour
    1. of birds
    2. of a dragon
    3. of a man eating up the little book
  2. metaph.
    1. to devour i.e. squander, waste: substance
    2. to devour i.e. forcibly appropriate: widows' property
    3. to strip one of his goods
      1. to ruin (by the infliction of injuries)
    4. by fire, to devour i.e. to utterly consume, destroy
    5. of the consumption of the strength of body and mind by strong emotions
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1104 ‑ בָּלַע (baw‑lah');  1197 ‑ בָּעַר (baw‑ar');  2628 ‑ חָסַל (khaw‑sal');  3615 ‑ כָּלָה (kaw‑law');  5375 ‑ נָסָה (naw‑saw', naw‑saw');  7921 ‑ שָׁכַל (shaw‑kole');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (20)
Matthew
3
Mark
3
Luke
3
John
2
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
7
NAS (15)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
5
HCS (14)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
5
BSB (14)
Matthew
1
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
5
ESV (12)
Mark
1
Luke
3
John
1
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
5
WEB (18)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Luke
3
John
2
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Revelation
7
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κατεσθίω,

poet. and later κατερῡκ-έσθω APl. 4.240 (Phil.), Mark 12:40, Dialex. 2.14 (Pass., 1.5, PMag.Lond. 46.279 (iv A.D.)): fut. κατέδομαι Il. 22.89, Od. 21.363, Ar. Av. 588: aor. κατέφαγον (v. καταφαγεῖν): pf. κατεδήδοκα Id. V. 838, Pax 386, etc.; part. κατὰ.. ἐδηδώς Il. 17.542: Pass., pf. κατεδήδεσμαι Pl. Phd. 11o e, Antiph. 161.3: aor. κατηδέσθην Pl.Com. 35:

1. eat up, devour, in Hom. freq. of animals of prey, λέων κατὰ ταῦρον ἐδηδώς Il. 17.542; of a serpent, [ νεοσσοὺς] κατήσθιε 2.314, cf. Od. 12.256; of a dolphin, κατεσθίει ὅν κε λάβῃσιν Il. 21.24; also of men, οἳ κατὰ βοῦς.. ἤσθιον Od. 1.8; τοὺς γονέας Hdt. 3.38, cf. 8.115, E. Cyc. 341; [ τυρὸν] αὐτοῖς τοῖς ταλάροις κ. Ar. Ra. 560; κατεδηδόκασι τὰ λάχαν ' Alex. 15.12: c. gen. partit., κ. πολλῶν πουλύπων Amips. 6.

2. eat up, devour one's substance, τὰ κοινά, τὰ πατρῷα, Ar. Eq. 258, Antiph. 239; τὰ ὄντα D. 38.27; πατρῴαν οὐσίαν Anaxipp. 1.32.

3. corrode, [ ῥεύματα] κ. γνάθους Hp. VM 19; λίθοι κατεδηδεσμένοι ὑπὸ σηπεδόνος Pl.l.c., cf. Dialex. 1.5 (Pass.); of the wind, κ. τὰ ἄνθη Thphr. CP 2.7.5: Pass., to be gnawed, ib. 5.17.7.

4. bite, τοῦ παλαιστοῦ τὸ οὖς Philostr. Im. 1.6.

5. κ. ἑαυτόν, metaph., of remorse, Lib. Or. 29.32, 256.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατ -εσθίω

("perfective" comp. of ἐσθίω , q.v., and cf. M, Pr., 111),

[in LXX chiefly for H398;]

to eat up, devour: c. acc, of seed, Matthew 13:4, Mark 4:4, Luke 8:5; τέκνον , Revelation 12:4; βιβλαρίδιον , Revelation 10:9-10; metaph., οἰκίας , Matthew 23:13, Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47; τ . βίον , Luke 15:30; c. acc pers., John 2:17 (LXX), 2 Corinthians 11:20, Galatians 5:15, Revelation 11:5; Revelation 20:9.†

(κατα -φάγω G5315), see (κατεσθίω . = G2719)


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The perfective force of this verb (cf. Proleg. pp. 111, 115) is well seen in P Ryl II. 152.18 (A.D., 42), a complaint of damage to pasturage by sheep which κατενέμησαν καὶ κατέφαγαν καὶ τοῖς ὅλοις ἠφάνισαν, ";overran, cropped, and. utterly destroyed it"; (Edd.) : cf. P Flor II. 150.6 (A.D. 267) of crops ἀπὸ τῶν μυῶν κατεσθιόμενα, and P Oxy I. 58.6, .10 (A.D. 288) with reference to the multitude of officials who were ";swallowing up"; the estates of the treasury along with its surplus—βουλόμενοι τὰς ταμιακὰς οὐσίας κατεστείειν (l. κατεσθίειν) . . τὰ δὲ περιγεινόμενα κατεστείουσιν (l. κατεσθίουσιν). For the fut. καταφάγομαι, as in John 2:17 from the LXX, cf. P Iand 26.23 (A.D. 98) ἐφ᾽ ᾧ καταφάγοντ ̣α ̣ι (sc. τὰ πρόβατα), and with the shorter form of the part. κατέσθοντες in Mark 12:40 cf. the magic P Lond 46.268 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 73) ὑπὸ τῶν ἰχθύων σου ἡ κοιλία κατέσθεται.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταφαγε κατάφαγε καταφαγείν καταφαγεται καταφάγεται καταφάγεταί καταφαγέτω καταφαγη καταφάγη καταφάγῃ καταφάγοι καταφάγοισαν καταφάγονται καταφαγων καταφαγών κατέδεσθε κατεδέται κατέδεται κατέδονται κατέσθετε κατέσθη κατεσθιει κατεσθίει κατεσθιετε κατεσθίετε κατεσθιέτωσαν κατεσθίοντας κατεσθίοντες κατεσθίουσα κατεσθιούσης κατεσθίουσι κατεσθιουσιν κατεσθίουσιν κατεσθοντες κατέσθοντες κατέσθουσα κατευθύ κατέφαγε κατέφαγέ κατεφαγεν κατέφαγεν κατεφαγον κατέφαγον κατήσθιεν φαγε kataphage kataphagē katáphage kataphágei kataphágēi kataphagetai kataphágetaí kataphagon kataphagōn kataphagṓn katephagen katéphagen katephagon katéphagon katesthiei katesthíei katesthiete katesthíete katesthiontes katesthíontes katesthiousin katesthíousin
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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