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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Cost, Costliness, Costly

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A — 1: δαπάνη
(Strong's #1160 — Noun Feminine — dapane — dap-an'-ay )

"expense, cost" (from dapto, "to tear;" from a root dap, meaning "to divide"), is found in Luke 14:28 , in the Lord's illustration of counting the "cost" of becoming His disciple. Cp. dapanao, "to spend," and its compounds, under CHARGE, SPEND.

A — 2: τιμιότης
(Strong's #5094 — Noun Feminine — timiotes — tim-ee-ot'-ace )

"costliness" (from timios, "valued at great price, precious;" see No. 3, below), is connected with time, "honor, price," and used in Revelation 18:19 , in reference to Babylon.

B — 1: τίμιος
(Strong's #5093 — Adjective — timios — tim'-ee-os )

akin to A, No. 2, is translated "costly" in 1 Corinthians 3:12 , of "costly" stones, in a metaphorical sense (AV, "precious"). Cp. Revelation 17:4 ; 18:12,16 ; 21:19 . See DEAR , HONORABLE , PRECIOUS , REPUTATION.

B — 2: πολυτελής
(Strong's #4185 — Adjective — poluteles — pol-oo-tel-ace' )

primarily, "the very end or limit" (from polus, "much," telos, "revenue"), with reference to price, of highest "cost," very expensive, is said of spikenard, Mark 14:3 ; raiment, 1 Timothy 2:9 ; metaphorically, of a meek and quiet spirit, 1 Peter 3:4 , "of great price;" cp. No. 1 and A, No. 2, above. See PRECIOUS , PRICE.

B — 3: πολύτιμος
(Strong's #4186 — Adjective — polutimos — pol-oot'-ee-mos )

lit., "of great value" (see A, No. 2 and B, No. 1), is used of a pearl, Matthew 13:46 ; of spikenard, John 12:3 (RV, "very precious," AV "very costly"). See PRICE. The comparative polutimo(v.l.io)teros, "much more precious," is used in 1 Peter 1:7 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Cost, Costliness, Costly'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/c/cost-costliness-costly.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, January 21st, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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