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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Foreknow, Foreknowledge

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A — 1: προγινώσκω
(Strong's #4267 — Verb — proginosko — prog-in-oce'-ko )

"to know before" (pro, "before," ginosko, "to know"), is used (a) of Divine knowledge, concerning (1) Christ, 1 Peter 1:20 , RV, "foreknown" (AV, "foreordained"); (2) Israel as God's earthly people, Romans 11:2 ; (3) believers, Romans 8:29 ; "the foreknowledge" of God is the basis of His foreordaining counsels; (b) of human knowledge, (1) of persons, Acts 26:5 ; (2) of facts, 2 Peter 3:17 .

B — 1: πρόγνωσις
(Strong's #4268 — Noun Feminine — prognosis — prog'-no-sis )

"a foreknowledge" (akin to A.), is used only of Divine "foreknowledge," Acts 2:23 ; 1 Peter 1:2 . "Foreknowledge" is one aspect of omniscience; it is implied in God's warnings, promises and predictions. See Acts 15:18 . God's "foreknowledge" involves His electing grace, but this does not preclude human will. He "foreknows" the exercise of faith which brings salvation. The Apostle Paul stresses especially the actual purposes of God rather than the ground of the purposes, see, e.g., Galatians 1:16 ; Ephesians 1:5,11 . The Divine counsels will ever be unthwartable. Cp. FORESHEW.


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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Foreknow, Foreknowledge'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/foreknow-foreknowledge.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, August 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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