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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Glory, Glorying

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A — 1: καυχάομαι
(Strong's #2744 — Verb — kauchaomai — kow-khah'-om-ahee )

"to boast or glory," is always translated in the RV by the verb "to glory," where the AV uses the verb "to boast" (see, e.g., Romans 2:17,23 ; 2 Corinthians 7:14 ; 9:2 ; 10:8,13,15,16 ); it is used (a) of "vainglorying," e.g., 1 Corinthians 1:29 ; (b) of "valid glorying," e.g., Romans 5:2 , "rejoice;" Romans 5:3,11 (RV, "rejoice"); 1 Corinthians 1:31 ; 2 Corinthians 9:2 ; 10:8 ; 12:9 ; Galatians 6:14 ; Philippians 3:3 ; James 1:9 , RV, "glory" (AV, "rejoice"). See BOAST , JOY , REJOICE.

A — 2: κατακαυχάομαι
(Strong's #2620 — Verb — katakauchaomai — kat-ak-ow-khah'-om-ahee )

a strengthened form of No. 1 (kata, intensive), signifies "to boast against, exult over," Romans 11:18 , RV, "glory" (AV, "boast"); James 2:13 , RV, "glorieth" (AV, "rejoiceth"); James 3:14 , "glory (not)." See BOAST , REJOICE.

A — 3: ἐν
(Strong's #1722 2744 — Preposition — enkauchaomai — en )

en, "in," and No. 1, "to glory in," is found, in the most authentic mss., in 2 Thessalonians 1:4 .

Note: Cp. perpereuomai, "to vaunt oneself, to be perperos, vainglorious," 1 Corinthians 13:4 .

B — 1: καύχημα
(Strong's #2745 — Noun Neuter — kauchema — kow'-khay-mah )

akin to A, No. 1, denotes "that in which one glories, a matter or ground of glorying," Romans 4:2 ; Philippians 2:16 , RV, "whereof to glory" (for Romans 3:27 , see No. 2); in the following the meaning is likewise "a ground of glorying:" 1 Corinthians 5:6 ; 9:15 , "glorying," 1 Corinthians 9:16 , "to glory of;" 2 Corinthians 1:14 , RV; 2 Corinthians 9:3 , RV; Galatians 6:4 , RV (AV, "rejoicing"); Philippians 1:26 (ditto); Hebrews 3:6 (ditto). In 2 Corinthians 5:12 ; 9:3 the word denotes the boast itself, yet as distinct from the act (see No. 2).

B — 2: καύχησις
(Strong's #2746 — Noun Feminine — kauchesis — kow'-khay-sis )

denotes "the act of boasting," Romans 3:27 ; 15:17 , RV, "(my) glorying" (AV, "whereof I may glory"); 1 Corinthians 15:31 , RV, "glorying;" 2 Corinthians 1:12 (ditto); 7:4,14 (AV, "boasting"); 8:24; 11:10,17 (ditto); 1 Thessalonians 2:19 (AV, "rejoicing"); James 4:16 (ditto). The distinction between this and No. 1 is to be observed in 2 Corinthians 8:24 , speaking of the Apostle's act of "glorying" in the liberality of the Corinthians, while in 2 Corinthians 9:3 he exhorts them not to rob him of the ground of his "glorying" (No. 1). Some take the word in 2 Corinthians 1:12 (see above) as identical with No. 1, a boast, but there seems to be no reason for regarding it as different from its usual sense, No. 2.

Note: Cp. alazoneia (or -ia), "vainglory, ostentatious (or arrogant) display," James 4:16 ; 1 John 2:16 , and alazon, "a boaster," Romans 1:30 ; 2 Timothy 3:2 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Glory, Glorying'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/g/glory-glorying.html. 1940.

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Friday, January 17th, 2020
the First Week after Epiphany
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