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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: κρίσις
(Strong's #2920 — Noun Feminine — krisis — kree'-sis )

primarily denotes "a separating," then, "a decision, judgment," most frequently in a forensic sense, and especially of Divine "judgment." For the variety of its meanings, with references, see CONDEMNATION , B, No. 3.

Notes: (1) The Holy Spirit, the Lord said, would convict the world of (peri, "in respect of"), i.e., of the actuality of, God's "judgment," John 16:8,11 . Cp. 2 Thessalonians 1:5 . (2) In Romans 2:5 the word dikaiokrisia, "righteous judgment," combines the adjective dikaios, "righteous," with krisis, the two words which are used separately in 2 Thessalonians 1:5 .

2: κρίμα
(Strong's #2917 — Noun Neuter — krima — kree'-mah )

denotes the result of the action signified by the verb krino, "to judge;" for its general significance see CONDEMNATION , B, No. 1: it is used (a) of a decision passed on the faults of others, Matthew 7:2 ; (b) of "judgment" by man upon Christ, Luke 24:20 ; (c) of God's "judgment" upon men, e.g., Romans 2:2,3 ; 3:8 ; 5:16 ; 11:33 ; 13:2 ; 1 Corinthians 11:29 ; Galatians 5:10 ; Hebrews 6:2 ; James 3:1 ; through Christ, e.g., John 9:39 ; (d) of the right of "judgment," Revelation 20:4 ; (e) of a lawsuit, 1 Corinthians 6:7 .

3: ἡμέρα
(Strong's #2250 — Noun Feminine — hemera — hay-mer'-ah )

"a day," is translated "judgment" in 1 Corinthians 4:3 , where "man's judgment" (lit., "man's day," marg.) is used of the present period in which man's mere "judgment" is exercised, a period of human rebellion against God. The adjective anthropinos, "human, belonging to man" (anthropos), is doubtless set in contrast here to kuriakos, "belonging to the Lord" (kurios, "a lord"), which is used in the phrase "the Day of the Lord," in Revelation 1:10 , "The Lord's Day," a period of Divine judgments. See DAY.

4: γνώμη
(Strong's #1106 — — gnome — gno'-may )

primarily "a means of knowing" (akin to ginosko, "to know"), came to denote "a mind, understanding;" hence (a) "a purpose," Acts 20:3 , lit., "(it was his) purpose;" (b) "a royal purpose, a decree," Revelation 17:17 , RV, "mind" (AV, "will"); (c) "judgment, opinion," 1 Corinthians 1:10 , "(in the same) judgment;" Revelation 17:13 , "mind;" (d) "counsel, advice," 1 Corinthians 7:25 , "(I give my) judgment;" 1 Corinthians 7:40 , "(after my) judgment;" Philemon 1:14 , mind. See MIND , PURPOSE , WILL.

Notes: (1) In 1 Corinthians 6:4 , AV, kriterion, "a tribunal," is rendered "judgments" (RV, "to judge," marg., "tribunals"). See JUDGE , B, No. 3, Note (1). (2) In Romans 1:32 , AV, dikaioma, "an ordinance, righteous act," is translated "judgment" (RV "ordinance"); in Revelation 15:4 , "judgments" (RV, "righteous acts"). (3) In Acts 25:15 , AV, katadike, "a sentence, condemnation," is translated "judgment" (RV, "sentence"). Some mss. have dike. See SENTENCE. (4) In Philippians 1:9 , AV, aisthesis, "perception, discernment," is translated "judgment" (RV, "discernment"). (5) In Acts 21:25 , in the record of the decree from the Apostles and elders at Jerusalem to the churches of the Gentiles, the verb krino (see JUDGE , B, No. 1), is translated "giving judgment," RV (AV, "concluded").

5: ὑπόδικος
(Strong's #5267 — Adjective — hupodikos — hoop-od'-ee-kos )

"brought to trial, answerable to" (hupo, "under," dike, "justice"), Romans 3:19 , is translated "under the judgment," RV (AV, "guilty").

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Judgment'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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