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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Purpose

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A — 1: βούλημα

(Strong's #1013 — Noun Neuter — boulema — boo'-lay-mah )

"a purpose or will" (akin to boulomai, "to will, wish, purpose"), "a deliberate intention," occurs in Acts 27:43 , "purpose;" Romans 9:19 , "will;" 1 Peter 4:3 , in the best mss. (some have thelema), AV, "will," RV, "desire." See WILL.

A — 2: πρόθεσις

(Strong's #4286 — Noun Feminine — prothesis — proth'-es-is )

"a setting forth" (used of the "showbread"), "a purpose" (akin to B, No. 3), is used (a) of the "purposes of God," Romans 8:28; 9:11; Ephesians 1:11; 3:11; 2 Timothy 1:9; (b) of "human purposes," as to things material, Acts 27:13; spiritual, Acts 11:23; 2 Timothy 3:10 . See SHEWBREAD.

A — 3: γνώμη

(Strong's #1106 — — gnome — gno'-may )

"an opinion, purpose, judgement," is used in the genitive case with ginomai, "to come to be," in Acts 20:3 , "he purposed," AV (RV, "he determined"), lit., "he came to be of purpose."

Notes: The following phrases are translated with the word "purpose:" (a) eis auto touto, "for this same (or very) "purpose," lit., "unto this same (thing)," Romans 9:17; Ephesians 6:22; Colossians 4:8; (b) eis touto, "for this purpose," Acts 26:16 , AV (RV, "to this end"), lit., "unto this;" so 1 John 3:8; (c) eis ti, "to what purpose," Matthew 26:8 , lit., "unto what;" Mark 14:4; RV, "to what purpose" (AV, "why").

B — 1: βουλεύω

(Strong's #1011 — Verb — bouleuo — bool-yoo'-o )

"to take counsel, resolve," always in the Middle Voice in the NT, "to take counsel with oneself," to determine with oneself, is translated "I purpose" in 2 Corinthians 1:17 (twice). See COUNSEL , B, No. 1.

B — 2: τίθημι

(Strong's #5087 — Verb — tithemi — tith'-ay-mee )

"to put, place," is used in the Middle Voice in Acts 19:21 , "purposed," in the sense of resolving.

B — 3: προτίθημι

(Strong's #4388 — Verb — protithemi — prot-ith'-em-ahee )

"to set before, set forth" (pro, "before," and No. 2, akin to A, No. 2), is used in Romans 3:25 , "set forth," RV marg., "purposed," AV marg., "foreordained," Middle Voice, which lays stress upon the personal interest which God had in so doing; either meaning, "to set forth" or "to purpose," would convey a scriptural view, but the context bears out the former as being intended here; in Romans 1:13 , "I purposed;" Ephesians 1:9 , "He purposed (in Him)," RV. See SET.

B — 4: ποιέω

(Strong's #4160 — Verb — poieo — poy-eh'-o )

"to make," is translated "He purposed" in Ephesians 3:11 (for the noun prothesis, in the same verse, see A, No. 2). See DO , No. 1.

B — 5: προαιρέω

(Strong's #4255 — Verb — proaireo — pro-ahee-reh'-om-ahee )

"to bring forth or forward," or, in the Middle Voice, "to take by choice, prefer, purpose," is translated "He hath purposed" in 2 Corinthians 9:7 , RV (AV, "he purposed").

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Purpose'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/purpose.html. 1940.

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