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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #2917 - κρίμα
- a decree, judgments
- condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild) which one passes on the faults of others
- in a forensic sense
- the sentence of a judge
- the punishment with which one is sentenced
- condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence
- a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court
κρίμα, ατος, τό,
1. decision, judgement, Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.58, Plb. 23.1.12, LXX Psalms 118:7(119).7, al., Romans 11:33, Arr. Epict. 2.15.8; περί τινος M.Ant. 8.47; verdict on a literary work, Phld. Po. 5.23.
2. decree, resolution, δήμου D.H. 4.12; ἱερομνημόνων BCH 27.107, cf. IGRom. 3.58,66 (Prusias).
3. legal decision, PPetr. 3p.56 (iii B. C.), SIG 826 E ii 29 (Delph., ii B. C.); decision of arbitrators, ib. 421.44 (Thermum, iii B. C.); esp. sentence, condemnation, LXX De. 21.22, al., Mark 12:40, etc.
1. matter for judgement, question, οὐκ εὔκριτον τὸ κρῖμα A. Supp. 397.
2. law-suit, LXX Exodus 18:22.
III = κρίσις, judging, judgement, John 9:39, Acts 24:25, etc. [ ῖ in A.l.c. (nisi leg. κρεῖμα): ῐ in post-classical poetry; freq. written κρίμα in codd.]
κρίμα (G T WH) or κρίμα (L Tr (more commonly)) (on the accent cf. Winers Grammar, p. 50; Lipsius, Grammat. Untersuch., p. 40f (who gives the preference to κρίμα, as do Alexander Buttmann (1873) 78 (64); Cobet (N. T. ad fid. etc., p. 49f); Fritzsche (Romans, vol. i., 96, 107); others; "videtur ἰ antiquitati Graecae, ἰ Alexandrinae aetati placuisse," Tdf. Proleg. to the Sept. edition 4, p. xxx.; on the accent in extant manuscripts see Tdf. Proleg., p. 101; cf. especially Lobeck, Paralip., p. 418)), κρίματος, τό (from κρίνω, which see; as κλίμα from κλίνω) (Aeschylus down), the Sept. very often for מִשְׁפָּט;
2. judgment; i. e. condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild) which one passes on the faults of others: κρίματι τίνι κρίνειν, Matthew 7:2. In a forensic sense, the sentence of a judge: with a genitive of the punishment to which one is sentenced, θανάτου, Luke 24:20; especially the sentence of God as judge: τό κρίμα ... εἰς κατάκριμα, the judgment (in which God declared sin to be punishable with death) issued in condemnation, i. e. was condemnation to all who sinned and therefore paid the penalty of death Romans 5:16; especially where the justice of God in punishing is to be shown, κρίμα denotes condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence, 2 Peter 2:3; Jude 1:4; with the genitive of the one who pronounces judgment, τοῦ Θεοῦ, Romans 2:2f; λαμβάνεσθαι κρίμα, Matthew 23:13-14Rec.; Mark 12:40; Luke 20:47; Romans 13:2; James 3:1; the one on whom God passes judgment is said ἔχειν κρίμα, 1 Timothy 5:12; (βαστάζειν τό κρίμα, to bear the force of the condemnatory judgment in suffering punishment (see βαστάζω, 2), Galatians 5:10; κρίμα ἐσθίειν ἑαυτῷ, so to eat as to incur the judgment or punishment of God, 1 Corinthians 11:29; εἰς κρίμα συνέρχεσθαι, to incur the condemnation of God, 34; εἶναι ἐν τῷ αὐτῷ κρίματι, to lie under the same condemnation, pay the same penalty, Luke 23:40; with the genitive of the one on whom condemnation is passed, Romans 3:8; 1 Timothy 3:6; Revelation 17:1. the judgment which is formed or passed: by God, through what Christ accomplished on earth, εἰς κρίμα ἐγώ εἰς τόν κόσμον τοῦτον ἦλθον, where by way of explanation is added ἵνα κτλ., to this end, that etc. John 9:39; τό κρίμα ἄρχεται, the execution of judgment as displayed in the infliction of punishment, 1 Peter 4:17; the last or final judgment is called τοῦ κρίματος τοῦ μέλλοντος, Acts 24:25; κρίματος αἰωνίου, eternally in force, Hebrews 6:2; the vindication of one's right, κρίνειν τό κρίμα τίνος ἐκ τίνος, to vindicate one's right by taking vengeance or inflicting punishment on another, Revelation 18:20 ((R. V. God hath judged your judgment on her), see ἐκ, I. 7); equivalent to the power and business of judging: κρίμα διδόναι τίνι, Revelation 20:4.
3. a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court: κρίματα ἔχειν μετά τίνος, 1 Corinthians 6:7.
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(B1., § 27, 2), -τος , τό
(< κρίνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4941;]
the issue of a judicial process, hence,
1. judgment, the decision passed on the faults of others: Matthew 7:2; in forensic sense, c. gen. pun., Luke 24:20; esp. of the judgment of God, Romans 2:2; Romans 5:16; Romans 11:33 (ICC, in l), 2 Peter 2:3, Judges 1:4; κ . λαμβάνεσθαι , Matthew 23:13 (Rec., R, mg.), Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47, Romans 13:2, James 3:1; ἔχειν , 1 Timothy 5:12; βαστάζειν , Galatians 5:10; ἐσθίειν ἑαυτῷ , 1 Corinthians 11:29; εἰς κ . συνέρχεσθαι , 1 Corinthians 11:34; εἶναι ἐν τ αὐτῷ κ ., Luke 23:40; c. gen. obj., Romans 3:8, 1 Timothy 3:6, Revelation 17:1; of God's judgment through Christ, John 9:39; τὸ κ . ἄρχεται , 1 Peter 4:17; τ . κ . τ . μέλλον , Acts 24:25; κ . αἰώνιον , Hebrews 6:2; ἔκρινεν ὁ Θεὸς τ . κ . ὐμῶν , Revelation 18:20; of the right of judgment, Revelation 20:4.
2. a matter for judgment, a law-suit, a case: 1 Corinthians 6:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Κρίμα (on the accent, see Proleg. p. 46) = ";legal decision"; is found in P Petr III. 26.2 (iii/B.C.) το ]ὺς τοπάρχ [ους ] κρίματα κα ̣θήκει εἰς τοὺς φόρους, ";it is (not) the duty of the Toparchs to give decisions regarding the taxes"; (Edd.), ib. 36 (a) verso.20 (iii/B.C.) δ ̣ε ̣ήσει συντελεῖσθαι τὰ κατὰ το ̣, [κρίμα ] ἐ ̣ὰ ̣ν ̣ δέη ̣ι ̣ κρίμα, ";(the dioiketes) shall require the legal decision to be carried out, if such a decision be necessary"; (Edd.). Cf. also the restoration in OGIS 335.100 (ii/i B.C.), where αὐτ [οὶ ἐ ]πιδεξάμενοι τὴν κρίσιν π [ is followed after an hiatus by ἐφε ]ῖνα [ι τὰ κρί ]ματα ἑαυτοῖς. From denoting ";judgment,"; ";sentence,"; the word came to denote the ";offence"; for which one is sentenced, and hence in MGr is frequently used = ";sin,"; as in the song entitled ";The Confessor,"; where the penitent asks—᾽ξομολόγα με, τὰ κρίματά μου ᾽ρώτα με, ";confess me; ask me about my sins,"; and receives the answer—τὰ κρίματά σου ᾽ναι πολλά, καὶ ἀγάπη᾽ νὰ μὴ κάνῃς πλεία, ";thy sins are many; thou must make love no more"; (Abbott Songs, p. 122, cf. p. 272). Cf. τί κρῖμα, ";what a pity !";
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