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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2917 - κρίμα
- a decree, judgments
- condemnation of wrong, the decision (whether severe or mild) which one passes on the faults of others
- in a forensic sense
- the sentence of a judge
- the punishment with which one is sentenced
- condemnatory sentence, penal judgment, sentence
- a matter to be judicially decided, a lawsuit, a case in court
κρίμα, ατος, τό,
1. decision, judgement, Chrysipp.Stoic. 3.58, Plb. 23.1.12, LXX Psalms 118:7(119).7, al., Romans 11:33, Arr. Epict. 2.15.8; περί τινος M.Ant. 8.47; verdict on a literary work, Phld. Po. 5.23.
2. decree, resolution, δήμου D.H. 4.12; ἱερομνημόνων BCH 27.107, cf. IGRom. 3.58,66 (Prusias).
3. legal decision, PPetr. 3p.56 (iii B. C.), SIG 826 E ii 29 (Delph., ii B. C.); decision of arbitrators, ib. 421.44 (Thermum, iii B. C.); esp. sentence, condemnation, LXX De. 21.22, al., Mark 12:40, etc.
1. matter for judgement, question, οὐκ εὔκριτον τὸ κρῖμα A. Supp. 397.
2. law-suit, LXX Exodus 18:22.
III = κρίσις, judging, judgement, John 9:39, Acts 24:25, etc. [ ῖ in A.l.c. (nisi leg. κρεῖμα): ῐ in post-classical poetry; freq. written κρίμα in codd.]
(B1., § 27, 2), -τος , τό
(< κρίνω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H4941;]
the issue of a judicial process, hence,
1. judgment, the decision passed on the faults of others: Matthew 7:2; in forensic sense, c. gen. pun., Luke 24:20; esp. of the judgment of God, Romans 2:2; Romans 5:16; Romans 11:33 (ICC, in l), 2 Peter 2:3, Judges 1:4; κ . λαμβάνεσθαι , Matthew 23:13 (Rec., R, mg.), Mark 12:40, Luke 20:47, Romans 13:2, James 3:1; ἔχειν , 1 Timothy 5:12; βαστάζειν , Galatians 5:10; ἐσθίειν ἑαυτῷ , 1 Corinthians 11:29; εἰς κ . συνέρχεσθαι , 1 Corinthians 11:34; εἶναι ἐν τ αὐτῷ κ ., Luke 23:40; c. gen. obj., Romans 3:8, 1 Timothy 3:6, Revelation 17:1; of God's judgment through Christ, John 9:39; τὸ κ . ἄρχεται , 1 Peter 4:17; τ . κ . τ . μέλλον , Acts 24:25; κ . αἰώνιον , Hebrews 6:2; ἔκρινεν ὁ Θεὸς τ . κ . ὐμῶν , Revelation 18:20; of the right of judgment, Revelation 20:4.
2. a matter for judgment, a law-suit, a case: 1 Corinthians 6:7.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Κρίμα (on the accent, see Proleg. p. 46) = ";legal decision"; is found in P Petr III. 26.2 (iii/B.C.) το ]ὺς τοπάρχ [ους ] κρίματα κα ̣θήκει εἰς τοὺς φόρους, ";it is (not) the duty of the Toparchs to give decisions regarding the taxes"; (Edd.), ib. 36 (a) verso.20 (iii/B.C.) δ ̣ε ̣ήσει συντελεῖσθαι τὰ κατὰ το ̣, [κρίμα ] ἐ ̣ὰ ̣ν ̣ δέη ̣ι ̣ κρίμα, ";(the dioiketes) shall require the legal decision to be carried out, if such a decision be necessary"; (Edd.). Cf. also the restoration in OGIS 335.100 (ii/i B.C.), where αὐτ [οὶ ἐ ]πιδεξάμενοι τὴν κρίσιν π [ is followed after an hiatus by ἐφε ]ῖνα [ι τὰ κρί ]ματα ἑαυτοῖς. From denoting ";judgment,"; ";sentence,"; the word came to denote the ";offence"; for which one is sentenced, and hence in MGr is frequently used = ";sin,"; as in the song entitled ";The Confessor,"; where the penitent asks—᾽ξομολόγα με, τὰ κρίματά μου ᾽ρώτα με, ";confess me; ask me about my sins,"; and receives the answer—τὰ κρίματά σου ᾽ναι πολλά, καὶ ἀγάπη᾽ νὰ μὴ κάνῃς πλεία, ";thy sins are many; thou must make love no more"; (Abbott Songs, p. 122, cf. p. 272). Cf. τί κρῖμα, ";what a pity !";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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