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Bible Encyclopedias

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica


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Modern states come to be applied to the heads of the great administrative departments who as such are members of the. government. On the continent there are, besides, " ministers without portfolio," i.e. ministers who, without being in charge of any special department, are members of the government. In general it is distinctive of constitutional states that any public act of the sovereign must bear the countersignature of the minister responsible for the department concerned. (See the articles MINISTRY and CABINET. For the history and meanings of the word " minister " in diplomacy, see DIPLOMACY.) (W. A. P.)

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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Minister'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. 1910.

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