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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #101 - ἀδυνατέω
- not to have strength, power, or ability, to be weak
- can not be done, to be impossible
I of persons, to be ἀδύνατος, lack strength, Epich. 266, Arist. Somn.Vig. 454a27: c. inf., to be unable to do, Hp. de Arte 7, Pl. R. 366d, X. Mem. 1.2.23, Arist. EN 1165b22, Pol. 1287b17, etc.
II of things, to be impossible, LXX Job 10:13, Phld. Ir. p.98 W., Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37, Ps.-Callisth. 3.26.
ἁδυνατέω , -ῶ
[in LXX: Deuteronomy 17:8, Zechariah 8:6 (H6381 ni.), Job 42:2 ni.), al.;]
1. to be unable (cl., Philo; Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.).
2. In LXX and NT (Kennedy, Sources, 124; Hatch, Essays, 4; Field, Notes, 46f.), to be impossible: Matthew 17:20, Luke 1:37.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Applied to persons this verb retains its classic sense, ";to be incapable,"; in late Greek : cf. P Par 35.36 (B.C. 163), διὰ τὸ ἐμὲ ἐν κατοχεῖ ὄντα ἀδυνατεῖν, ib. 63.13 f. (B.C. 165) ὅπως μήτεν τῶν ἀδυνατούντων γεωργεῖν περισπᾶται μηθείς, and .89 f. τοὺς ἀδυνατοῦντας ἀναγκάζειν ἐπιδέχεσθαι τὰ τῆς γεωργίας. The neuter sense, ";to be impossible,"; when applied to things, appears in the LXX, which seems to tell in favour of the AV rendering in Luke 1:37, as against the RV : see Hatch Essays p. 4, Field Notes p. 46 f., where the true reading παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ (RV) is rendered ";for from God no word (or, nothing) shall be impossible.";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Second Week after Epiphany