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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #3766 - כָּרַע
1) to bend, kneel, bow, bow down, sink down to one’s knees, kneel down to rest (of animals), kneel in reverence
1a1) to bow
1a2) to bow down, crouch
1a3) to bow down over
1a4) to tilt, lean
1b) (Hiphil) to cause to bow
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
כָּרַע to bend, to bow, used intrans. of the knee, fich beugen (vom Knie). (A kindred root is כָּנַע, which see. [“Samar. to lie down.”] Just as from כנע is κνήμη leg, so from כרע is כָּרָע crus, leg. In Arabic there are only traces found of the original signification; as to drink stooping, prop. to bow oneself to drink. With the letters transposed, ركع to be bowed down through age, or while at prayer.) Hence Isaiah 45:23, תִּכְרַע כָּל־בֶּרֶךְ “every knee shall bow.” Hence used of a man, כָּרַע עַל בִּרְכַּיִם to bow upon one’s knees, Judges 7:5, Judges 7:6; 1 Kings 8:54; 2 Kings 1:13; Ezra 9:5.-To bend one’s knees, or to fall upon one’s knees, is also used of those
(a) who do reverence to a king, or worship God, in which sense it is joined with הִשְׁתַּחֲוָה, Psalms 95:6. Followed by לְ of pers. Esther 3:2, Isaiah 45:23 לִפְנֵי Psalms 22:30, 72:9.
(b) those who sink down for want of strength, when it is commonly followed by נָפַל. Job 4:4, בִּרְכַּיִם כֹּרְעוֹת “falling (failing, or bowing) knees.” Psal. 20:9, כָּֽרְעוּ וְנָֽפְלוּ “they are bowed down and fall.” 2 Kings 9:24, “he sank down in his chariot.” Isaiah 10:4, 46:1, Isaiah 46:2, 65:12 Judges 5:27.
(c) those who are about to lie down on the ground, Genesis 49:9, כָּרַע רָבַץ “he stooped, and lay down.” Numbers 24:9.
(d) used of parturient women (from the custom still existing in Ethiopia, where women bring forth kneeling, see Ludolfi Hist. Ethiop. i. 15), 1 Samuel 4:19 also used of a hind, Job 39:3.-Rarely used of those who bow down with the whole person (comp. Arab.). 2 Chronicles 7:3, וַיִּבְרְעוּ אַפַּיִם אַרְצָה “and they bowed themselves with their faces to the ground.” Hence כָּרַע עַל אִשָּׁה compressit feminam, Job 31:10 compare incurvare, Martial. xi. 44; inclinare, Juvenal. ix. 26; x. 224.
(1) to cause to bow down, to prostrate, enemies, Psalms 17:13, 18:40 78:31.
(2) to depress, i.e. to afflict, any one, Judges 11:35. Hence
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