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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical DictionaryHebrew Lexicon

Strong's #8198 - שִׁפְחָה

Transliteration
shiphchâh
Phonetics
shif-khaw'
Origin
from an unused root meaning to spread out (as a family
Parts of Speech
Noun, Femine
TWOT
2442a
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שְׁפוּפָן
 
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שָׁפַט
Definition   
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) maid, maid-servant, slavegirl

1a) maid, maid-servant (as belonging to a mistress)

1b) of address, speaker, humility (figuratively)

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1135 ‑ γυνή (goo‑nay');  3814 ‑ παιδίσκη (pahee‑dis'‑kay);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (61)
Genesis 26
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 6
Joel 1
NAS (70)
Genesis 29
Exodus 2
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 12
Joel 1
HCS (62)
Genesis 28
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 5
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 6
Joel 1
BSB (70)
Genesis 35
Exodus 1
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 6
Joel 1
ESV (59)
Genesis 28
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 4
WEB (61)
Genesis 27
Leviticus 1
Deuteronomy 1
Ruth 2
1 Samuel 6
2 Samuel 7
2 Kings 3
2 Chronicles 1
Esther 1
Psalms 1
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 6
Joel 1
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2863) hps (סהפהה ShPHh) AC: Join CO: ? AB: ?: [from: hp]

ef1 ) ehpis (סהיפההה ShYPHhH) - Maid: As joined to a mistress. KJV (63): handmaid, maid, maidservant, bondwoman, maiden, womanservant, bondmaid, servant, wench - Strongs: H8198 (שִׁפְחָה)

hf1) ehpsm (מסהפההה MShPHhH) - Family: As joined together. KJV (300): family, kindred, kinds - Strongs: H4940 (מִשְׁפָּחָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2024
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שִׁפְחָה noun feminine maid, maid-servant (synonym אָמָה, q. v.; originally = concubine ? compare √); — absolute ׳שׁ Genesis 16:1 +; construct שִׁפְחַת Genesis 16:2 +; suffix שִׁפְחָתִי Genesis 16:2 +, etc.; plural absolute שְׁפָחוֺת Genesis 12:16 +; suffix שִׁפְחֹתֶ֑ךָ Ruth 2:13, etc.; —

1 literally, maid, maid-servant, as belonging to a mistress Genesis 16:1,3,6,8 (PJ) Genesis 29:24; Genesis 29:29 (P) Psalm 123:2; Proverbs 30:23; Isaiah 24:2; even where concubine of master (compare אָמָה) Genesis 16:2,5 (PJ) Genesis 25:12; Genesis 35:25,26 (P) Genesis 30:4,7,9,10,12,18 (all J E); less often reference to master Genesis 29:24,29 (J), Ruth 2:13, of concubine Genesis 32:23, compare Genesis 33:1,2,6 (all J); marriageable Leviticus 19:20 (H, compare Exodus 11:5; not elsewhere in legisl.); in General, especially of menial service (never אָמָה) Exodus 11:5 (J) 1 Samuel 25:41 (opposed to אָמָה) 2 Samuel 17:17 ("" עֶבֶד) Genesis 12:16; Genesis 24:35(J) Genesis 20:14 (E) Genesis 30:43 (P) Genesis 32:6 (J; collective) Deuteronomy 28:68; 1 Samuel 8:16; 2 Kings 5:26; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 34:9,10,11 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:16 (twice in verse); Joel 3:2; Ecclesiastes 2:7; 2 Chronicles 28:10; Esther 7:4.

2 figurative in address, שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ, etc., of speaker, in token of humility (see אָמָה) Ruth 2:13 ("" אָמָה Ruth 3:9), 1 Samuel 1:18 ("" id. 1 Samuel 1:16), 1 Samuel 25:27, ("" 1 Samuel 25:24f.), 1 Samuel 28:21,22; 2 Samuel 14:6,7,12 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 14:15,17,19; ("" אָמָה 2 Samuel 14:15; 2 Samuel 14:16); 2 Kings 4:2,16; not toward God; but see אָמָה.


Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שִׁפְחָה f. famula (as if a noun of unity, one of a family), a maid-servant, Genesis 16:1, 29:24. As to its difference from אָמָה, see 1 Samuel 25:41, לְשִׁפְחָה הִנֵּה אֲמָֽתְךָ “behold, thy handmaid is a servant,” i.e. I am thy household servant to wait on thee.


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List of Word Forms
בְּשִׁפְחָתֶֽךָ׃ בשפחתך׃ הַשְּׁפָח֑וֹת הַשְּׁפָח֔וֹת הַשְּׁפָח֛וֹת הַשְּׁפָחֽוֹת׃ הַשִּׁפְחָ֔ה הַשִּׁפְחָה֙ השפחה השפחות השפחות׃ וְ֝שִׁפְחָ֗ה וְלִשְׁפָח֑וֹת וְלִשְׁפָח֖וֹת וְלִשְׁפָח֤וֹת וְלִשְׁפָחֽוֹת׃ וְשִׁפְחָ֑ה וּלְשִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֙ וּשְׁפָח֔וֹת וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וּשְׁפָחֽוֹת׃ וּשְׁפָחוֹת֙ ולשפחות ולשפחות׃ ולשפחתך ושפחה ושפחות ושפחות׃ ושפחת כַּשִּׁפְחָ֖ה כשפחה לְשִׁפְחָ֔ה לְשִׁפְחָֽה׃ לְשִׁפְחָתְךָ֥ לשפחה לשפחה׃ לשפחתך שִׁפְח֨וֹתֵיכֶ֜ם שִׁפְחַ֣ת שִׁפְחַ֥ת שִׁפְחָ֣תְךָ֔ שִׁפְחָ֥ה שִׁפְחָֽה׃ שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֔ שִׁפְחָֽתְךָ֙ שִׁפְחָה֙ שִׁפְחָה֮ שִׁפְחָת֑וֹ שִׁפְחָת֔וֹ שִׁפְחָת֛וֹ שִׁפְחָתְךָ֖ שִׁפְחָתְךָ֛ שִׁפְחָתִ֔י שִׁפְחָתִ֖י שִׁפְחָתִי֙ שִׁפְחָתֵךְ֙ שִׁפְחָתֶ֑ךָ שִׁפְחָתֶ֔ךָ שִׁפְחָתֶ֗ךָ שִׁפְחָתָ֔הּ שִׁפְחָתָ֖הּ שִׁפְחָתוֹ֙ שִׁפְחֹתֶֽיךָ׃ שִׁפְחֹתָ֔יו שפחה שפחה׃ שפחותיכם שפחת שפחתה שפחתו שפחתי שפחתיו שפחתיך׃ שפחתך bə·šip̄·ḥā·ṯe·ḵā beshifchaTecha bəšip̄ḥāṯeḵā haš·šə·p̄ā·ḥō·wṯ haš·šip̄·ḥāh hashshefaChot hashshifChah haššəp̄āḥōwṯ haššip̄ḥāh kaš·šip̄·ḥāh kashshifChah kaššip̄ḥāh lə·šip̄·ḥā·ṯə·ḵā lə·šip̄·ḥāh leshifChah leshifchateCha ləšip̄ḥāh ləšip̄ḥāṯəḵā shifChah shifChat shifchaTah shifchateCh shifchaTecha shifchaTi shifchaTo shifchoTav shifchoTeicha shifChoteiChem šip̄·ḥā·ṯāh šip̄·ḥā·ṯe·ḵā šip̄·ḥā·ṯə·ḵā šip̄·ḥā·ṯêḵ šip̄·ḥā·ṯî šip̄·ḥā·ṯōw šip̄·ḥāh šip̄·ḥaṯ šip̄·ḥō·ṯāw šip̄·ḥō·ṯe·ḵā šip̄·ḥō·w·ṯê·ḵem šip̄ḥāh šip̄ḥaṯ šip̄ḥāṯāh šip̄ḥāṯêḵ šip̄ḥāṯeḵā šip̄ḥāṯəḵā šip̄ḥāṯî šip̄ḥāṯōw šip̄ḥōṯāw šip̄ḥōṯeḵā šip̄ḥōwṯêḵem ū·lə·šip̄·ḥā·ṯə·ḵā ū·šə·p̄ā·ḥō·wṯ ū·šə·p̄ā·ḥōṯ uleshifchateCha ūləšip̄ḥāṯəḵā ūšəp̄āḥōṯ ūšəp̄āḥōwṯ ushefaChot velishfaChot veshifChah wə·liš·p̄ā·ḥō·wṯ wə·šip̄·ḥāh wəlišp̄āḥōwṯ wəšip̄ḥāh
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