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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1252 - διακρίνω

Transliteration
diakrínō
Phonetics
dee-ak-ree'-no
Origin
from (G1223) and (G2919)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:946,469
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to separate, make a distinction, discriminate, to prefer
  2. to learn by discrimination, to try, decide
    1. to determine, give judgment, decide a dispute
  3. to withdraw from one, desert
  4. to separate one's self in a hostile spirit, to oppose, strive with dispute, contend
  5. to be at variance with one's self, hesitate, doubt
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 777 ‑ אַרְצָא (ar‑tsaw');  974 ‑ בָּחַן (baw‑khan');  977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  1305 ‑ בָּרַר (baw‑rar');  6567 ‑ פָּרַשׁ (paw‑rash');  7378 ‑ רוּב (reeb, roob);  7896 ‑ שִׁית (sheeth);  8199 ‑ שָׁפַט (shaw‑fat');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (24)
Matthew
2
Mark
2
Acts
5
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
7
James
4
Jude
2
NAS (24)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Acts
6
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
7
James
4
Jude
2
HCS (19)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Acts
4
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
5
James
3
Jude
2
BSB (19)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Acts
4
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
5
James
3
Jude
2
ESV (15)
Matthew
1
Mark
1
Acts
4
Romans
1
1 Corinthians
5
James
3
WEB (22)
Matthew
2
Mark
1
Acts
5
Romans
2
1 Corinthians
7
James
4
Jude
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

διακρίνω [ρῑ ],

fut. -κρῐνῶ, and Delph. -κρῐνέω Il. 2.387, SIG 614.8 (ii B.C.):

I

1. separate one from another, ὥς τ' αἰπόλια.. αἰπόλοι ἄνδρες ῥεῖα διακρίνωσιν Il. 2.475, cf. Hdt. 8.114; part combatants, εἰς ὅ κε δαίμων ἄμμε διακρίνη Il. 7.292, etc.; εἰ μὴ νὺξ.. διακρινέει μένος ἀνδρῶν 2.387; δ. φιλέοντε Od. 4.179; κρόκην καὶ στήμονας συγκεχυμένους δ. Pl. Cra. 388b: Pass., to be parted, of hair, Plu. Romans 15:1-33 : more freq. of combatants, διακρινθήμεναι ( inf. aor. 1 Pass.) ἤδη Ἀργείους καὶ Τρῶας Il. 3.98, cf. 102, 7.306, etc.: also in fut. Med., διακρινέεσθαι Od. 18.149, 20.180; διακριθέντες ἐκ τῆς ναυμαχίης Hdt. 8.18; διακριθῆναι ἀπ' ἀλλήλων Th. 1.105, cf. 3.9; διακρίνεσθαι πρός.. part and join different parties, Id. 1.18. Pass., to be divorced, Leg.Gort. 2.46.

2. in Philosophy, separate, decompose into elemental parts, opp. συγκρίνω, chiefly in Pass., Anaxag. 12, cf. Arist. Metaph. 985a28, [ Epich. ] 245, Pl. Phd. 71b, Prm. 157a, etc.

3. ἄστρων διακρίνει φάη σελάνα prob. sets apart, removes, i.e. outshines, B. 8.28.

II distinguish, καί κ' ἀλαὸς διακρίνειε τὸ σῆμα Od. 8.195; οὐδένα δ. without distinction of persons, Hdt. 3.39; οὐχὶ δ. τὴν πενιχρὰν ἢ πλουσίαν Diod.Com. 2.8: pf. Pass. in med. sense, διακεκρίμεθα τάς τε καθαρὰς ἡδονὰς καὶ.. Pl. Phlb. 52c: plpf. in pass. sense, διεκέκριτο οὐδέν no distinction was made, Th. 1.49; διακεκριμέναι distinct, varied, B. Fr. 24.

III decide, of judges, ὀρθᾷ δ. φρενί Pi. O. 8.24; δ. δίκας Hdt. 1.100; διὰ δὲ κρίνουσι θέμιστας Theoc. 25.46; also, determine a fever, mark its crisis, Hp. Coac. 137; ἡ νοῦσος μάλιστα διακρίνει ἐν οὐδενί has usually no crisis in any patient, Id. Morb. 2.71; δ. αἵρεσιν Hdt. 1.11; δ. εἰ.. Id. 7.54; δ. περί τινος Ar. Av. 719: Med., νεῖκος δ. get it decided, Hes. Op. 35; τὸ ζητούμενον Pl. Phlb. 46b; decide among yourselves, ταῦτα.. ὅπως ποτ' ἔχει δ. D. 32.28: Pass., bring an issue to decision, ἐπέεσσί γε νηπυτίοισι ὧδε διακρινθέντε Il. 20.212; αἴ τινι τᾶν πολίων ᾖ ἀμφίλλογα, διακριθῆμεν Foed. Dor. ap. Th. 5.79; διακριθεῖμεν περί τινος Pl. Euthphr. 7c; of combatants, μάχῃ διακριθῆναι πρός τινα Hdt. 9.58; πρός τινα ὑπέρ τινος LXX Joel 3:2 (4).2; ὅπλοις ἢ λόγοις διακρίνεσθαι Philipp. ap. D. 12.7; διακρίνεσθαι περὶ τῶν ὅλων Plb. 3.111.2; τινί with one, Judges 1:9 : abs., PMagd. 1.15 (iii B.C.), etc.; also πόλεμος διακριθήσεται Hdt. 7.206; of a person, to be judged, Polem. Call. 18. set [a place] apart for holy purposes, Pi. O. 10(11).46. interpret a dream, etc., Ph. 2.54, Junc. ap. Stob. 4.50.95. question, τοὺς ἰατρούς Arr. Epict. 4.1.148. doubt, hesitate, waver, Acts 11:12 (s.v.l.): usu. in Med. and Pass., μηδὲν διακρινόμενος ib.10.20; μὴ διακριθῆτε Matthew 21:21, cf. Romans 4:20.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δια -κρίνω ,

[in LXX for H8199, H1777, etc.;]

1. to separate, hence, to distinguish, discriminate, discern: μηδὲν δ ., Acts 11:12; οὐδὲν δ . μεταξύ , Acts 15:9; σε , 1 Corinthians 4:7; τὸ σῶμα , 1 Corinthians 11:29.

2. to settle, decide, judge, arbitrate: Matthew 16:3, 1 Corinthians 6:5; 1 Corinthians 11:29 (ICC, in l), 1 Corinthians 11:31; 1 Corinthians 14:29. Mid, and pass.;

1. to get a decision, contend, dispute: seq. πρός , Acts 11:2; c. dat. (but v. ICC, in l), Judges 1:9; absol., Judges 1:22 (R,mg.).

2. Hellenistic (NT and Eccl., but not LXX), to be divided in one's mind, to hesitate, doubt: Matthew 21:21 Romans 14:23, James 1:6; ἐν ἐαυτῷ , James 2:4; ἐν τ . καρδίᾳ , Mark 11:23; μηδὲν δ ., Acts 10:20 δ . τ . ἀπιστίᾳ , Romans 4:20, Judges 1:22 (R, txt.).†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The active = ";test,"; ";examine"; (cf. Matthew 16:3) in BGU III. 747i. 20 (A.D. 139) τ ]οὺς πράκτορας δ [ι ]ακρείνω π [ρ ]ὸς τὸν ε [ ]σ [ι ]όν [τ ]α ὑπὲρ [τ ]ῆς ἰδί [α ]ς πρακτωρί [α ]ς λόγο [ν ] αἰ [τ ]ούμ [ε ]νο [ς. It is ";determine,"; ";decide"; in OGIS 43.4 (iii/B.C.) ἠι ]τήσατο δικαστὰς καὶ διαλ [λακτῆρας τοὺ ]ς διακριν ̣οῦντας περὶ τῶν ἀμφ [ισβητουμέν ]ων συμβολαίων : c. acc. pers. ib..11 τοὺ ]ς δὲ διέκρινομ μετὰ πάσης δικαι [οσύνης. Similarly in Syll 924.18 (B.C. 210–5) τάς τε δίκας μετὰ τῶν συνιερομναμόνων τὰς μὲν διέλυσε τὰς δὲ διέκρινε δικαίως κατὰ τοὺς νό [μ ]ους : here we have acc. rei, but the same antithesis with διαλύειν as in OGIS 43.11 (above). It appears again in the passive, of persons in Syll 177.25 (B.C. 303) τὰ δὲ ἐγκλήματα καὶ τὰ συμβόλαια [τὰ ὑπάρχοντα ἑκατέ ]ροις, αὐτοὺς πρὸς αὑτοὺς διαλυθῆναι ἢ διακριθῆναι [κατὰ τοὺς ἑκατέρων ν ]όμους. The former verb suggests settlement by consent, as against a judicial verdict. Add for the passive P Tor I. 1vii. 3 (B.C. 116) (= Chrest. II. p. 37) προσυποδεικνὺς ὡς εἰ καὶ ἐπὶ λαοκριτῶν διεκρίνοντο καθ᾽ οὓς παρέκειτο νόμους κτλ., P Par 46.15 (B.C. 153) (= Witkowski.2, p. 87) ἡγούμενος δεῖν ἐπ᾽ ἄλλου μὲν μηθενὸς αὐτῶι διακριθῆναι, ἐπὶ σοῦ δ᾽ αὐτοῦ, P Magd 28 recto.8 (B.C. 218) ὅπως διακριθῶ αὐτοῖς ἐπὶ Διοφανοῦς, ";pour que nous soyons jugés par Diophanès"; (Ed.). In these last two passages note the dat. pers. : διακρίνεσθαί τινι is ";to have one’s case with so-and-so decided."; The use illustrates Judges 1:9, where Michael is pleading his case against the devil before God. The verb is absolute in P Magd 1.15 (B.C. 221) γράψαι Μενέλλαι τῶι ἐπιστάτηι ἀποστεῖλαι αὐτοὺς διακριθησομένους, ";de les envoyer en justice."; For the simple meaning ";distinguish"; cf. the magic papyrus P Lond 46.103 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 68) σὺ (the Deity) διέκρεινας τὸ δίκαιον καὶ τὸ ἄδικον. The distinctive NT sense of διακρίνεσθαι, ";to be divided against oneself,"; ";waver,"; ";doubt,"; as in Mark 11:23, Romans 4:20, James 1:6, if not a Christian coinage, seems ";to have had its beginning in near proximity to Christianity"; (SH ad Romans 4:20). It arises very naturally out of the general sense of ";making distinctions.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
διακριθη διακριθή διακριθῇ διακριθήσομαι διακριθητε διακριθήτε διακριθῆτε διακριναι διακρίναι διακρῖναι διακριναντα διακρίναντα διάκρινε διακρινει διακρινεί διακρίνει διακρινειν διακρίνειν διακρινείς διακρινετωσαν διακρινέτωσαν διακρινόμενοι διακρινόμενον διακρινομενος διακρινόμενος διακρινομενους διακρινομένους διακρινούσιν διακρινώ διακρίνω διακρινων διακρίνων διεκριθη διεκρίθη διεκρίθην διεκριθητε διεκρίθητε διέκρινας διέκρινε διεκρινεν διέκρινεν διεκρινομεν διεκρίνομεν διεκρινοντο διεκρίνοντο diakrinai diakrînai diakrinanta diakrínanta diakrinei diakrínei diakrinein diakrínein diakrinetosan diakrinetōsan diakrinétosan diakrinétōsan diakrinomenos diakrinómenos diakrinomenous diakrinoménous diakrinon diakrinōn diakrínon diakrínōn diakrithe diakrithē diakrithêi diakrithē̂i diakrithete diakrithête diakrithēte diakrithē̂te diekrinen diékrinen diekrinomen diekrínomen diekrinonto diekrínonto diekrithe diekrithē diekríthe diekríthē diekrithete diekrithēte diekríthete diekríthēte
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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