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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #974 - בָּחַן

Transliteration
bâchan
Phonetics
baw-khan'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
230
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to examine, try, prove

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to examine, scrutinise

1a2) to test, prove, try (of gold, persons, the heart, man of God)

1b) (Niphal) to be tried, proved

1c) (Pual) to make a trial

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 436 ‑ ἀνθίστημι (anth‑is'‑tay‑mee);  1252 ‑ διακρίνω (dee‑ak‑ree'‑no);  1381 ‑ δοκιμάζω (dok‑im‑ad'‑zo);  1588 ‑ ἐκλεκτός (ek‑lek‑tos');  1833 ‑ ἐξετάζω (ex‑et‑ad'‑zo);  1980 ‑ ἐπισκέπτομαι (ep‑ee‑skep'‑tom‑ahee;);  1994 ‑ ἐπιστρέφω (ep‑ee‑stref'‑o);  5316 ‑ φαίνω (fah'ee‑no);  5318 ‑ φανερός (fan‑er‑os');  1344 ‑ δικαιόω (dik‑ah‑yo'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (29)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
9
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
NAS (28)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
9
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
6
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
HCS (29)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
9
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
BSB (29)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
9
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
ESV (27)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
9
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
WEB (28)
Genesis
2
1 Chronicles
1
Job
5
Psalms
8
Proverbs
1
Jeremiah
6
Ezekiel
1
Zechariah
2
Malachi
2
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2011) nhb (בההנ BHhN) AC: Examine CO: Watchtower AB: ?: A close and careful examination of a place or something. An inspection to determine effectiveness. [from: hb- examination to select a choice one]

V) nhb (בההנ BHhN) - Examine: To test, try or scrutinize. KJV (29): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Pual) try, prove, examine, tempt, trial - Strongs: H974 (בָּחַן)

Nm) nhb (בההנ BHhN) - Watchtower: A place of inspection. KJV (1): tower - Strongs: H975 (בַּחַן)

bm) nihb (בההינ BHhYN) - Watchtower: A place of inspection. KJV (1): tower - Strongs: H971 (בָּחִין)

cm) nfhb (בההונ BHhWN) - Watchtower: A place of inspection. KJV (1): tower - Strongs: H969 (בָּחוֹן)

gm) nhfb (בוההנ BWHhN) - Tested: Something that has been tested through inspection and found worthy. KJV (1): tried - Strongs: H976 (בֹּחַן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

בָּחַן fut. יִבְחַן.

(1)  to search out, to examine, to try, to prove, especially metals (like the syn. עָרַף), Jeremiah 9:6; Zechariah 13:9; Psalms 66:10 whence metaph. Job 23:10, בְּחָנַנִי כַּזָּהָב אֵצֵא “let him prove me, I shall go forth like gold;” and neglecting the primary power, Job 12:11, הֲלֹא אֹזֶן מִלִּין תִּבְחָן “doth not the ear try words?” Job 34:3. Often

(a) used of God examining the hearts of men, Psalms 7:10, 17:3 Proverbs 17:3; Psalms 81:8 especially by sending calamities upon them, Job 7:18.

(b) used of men tempting God (i.q. נִסָּה), i.e. of unbelievers, Malachi 3:10, 15 Malachi 3:15; Psalms 95:9.

(2) to look out, to watch, i.q. צָפָה; whence בַּחַן, בַּחִין watch-towers. (Ch. בְּחַן, Syr. ܒܰܚܶܢ to examine. The Arabs have in this sense ملحن Conj. I, VIII. ب and م being interchanged; which prop. has the meaning, to rub, to rub upon; used in the sense of trying, proving by rubbing on the lapis Lydius, called in the Greek βάσανος, which appears to be a word formed from the Oriental בחן.)

Niphal, to be proved, tried, Genesis 42:15, 16 Genesis 42:16; Job 34:36.

Pual בֹּחַן id., Ezekiel 21:18, כִּי בֹחַן “because a trial is made;” compare Schnurrer on the passage; LXX. ὅτι δεδικαίωται. Others take בֹּחַן as a noun, trial, proof, sc. is made.

Derived nouns besides the following are בָּחוֹן, בַּחוּן, בַּחִין.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
אֶבְחָֽנְךָ֨ אבחנך בְּ֝חָנ֗וּנִי בְּ֝חָנֵ֗נִי בְּ֝חָנַ֗נִי בְּחָנֵ֣נִי בְחַנְתָּ֥נוּ בָּ֘חַ֤נְתָּ בָּחֲנ֛וּ בֹ֔חַן בֹּחֵ֣ן בֹּחֵ֥ן בחן בחנו בחנוני בחנני בחנת בחנתנו וְיִבָּֽחֲנוּ֙ וּבְחַנְתִּ֑ים וּבְחַנְתִּ֖ים וּבְחָנ֤וּנִי וּבָחַנְתָּ֖ וּבָחַנְתָּ֥ וּבֹחֵ֖ן וּבֹחֵ֣ן ובחן ובחנוני ובחנת ובחנתים ויבחנו יִ֝בְחֲנ֗וּ יִ֫בְחָ֥ן יִבָּחֵ֣ן יבחן יבחנו כִּבְחֹ֣ן כבחן תִּבְחָ֑ן תִּבְחָנֶֽנּוּ׃ תִּבָּחֵ֑נוּ תבחן תבחנו תבחננו׃ ’eḇ·ḥā·nə·ḵā ’eḇḥānəḵā bā·ḥă·nū bā·ḥan·tā baChanta bachaNu bāḥantā bāḥănū bə·ḥā·na·nî bə·ḥā·nê·nî bə·ḥā·nū·nî ḇə·ḥan·tā·nū bechaNani bechaNeni bechaNuni bəḥānanî bəḥānênî ḇəḥantānū bəḥānūnî ḇō·ḥan bō·ḥên boChen ḇōḥan bōḥên evchaneCha kiḇ·ḥōn kiḇḥōn kivChon tib·bā·ḥê·nū tiḇ·ḥā·nen·nū tiḇ·ḥān tibbaChenu tibbāḥênū tiḇḥān tiḇḥānennū tivChan tivchaNennu ū·ḇā·ḥan·tā ū·ḇə·ḥā·nū·nî ū·ḇə·ḥan·tîm ū·ḇō·ḥên ūḇāḥantā ūḇəḥantîm ūḇəḥānūnî ūḇōḥên uvachanTa uvechanTim uvechaNuni uvoChen vechanTanu veyibbachaNu Vochan wə·yib·bā·ḥă·nū wəyibbāḥănū yib·bā·ḥên yiḇ·ḥă·nū yiḇ·ḥān yibbaChen yibbāḥên yiḇḥān yiḇḥănū yivChan yivchaNu
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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