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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1304 - διατρίβω

from (G1223) and the base of (G5147)
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  1. to rub between, rub hard
  2. to wear away, consume
  3. to spend, pass time
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1481 ‑ גּוּר (goor);  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (11)
John 2
Acts 9
BSB (9)
John 1
Acts 8
CSB (9)
John 1
Acts 8
ESV (7)
John 1
Acts 8
KJV (10)
John 2
Acts 8
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (13)
John 2
Acts 11
N95 (11)
John 2
Acts 9
NAS (11)
John 2
Acts 9
NLT (8)
John 3
Acts 19
WEB (10)
John 2
Acts 8
YLT (9)
John 1
Acts 8
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


διατρίβω [ρῑ ], pf. -τέτρῐφα Plb. 4.57.3: Pass., aor. 2 διετρίβην [ ] (v. infr.):

I rub hard, χερσὶ διατρίψας Il. 11.847: more freq., wear away, consume, πάντα διατρίβουσιν Ἁχαιοί Od. 2.265; χρήματα Thgn. 921; τὰ τῶν Πελοποννησίων Th. 8.87; εἰς αἰτίας ἀλόγους δ. τὸ θεῖον to fritter away Providence into unreasoning causes, Plu. Nic. 23: Pass., κάκιστα διατριβῆναι perish utterly, Hdt. 7.120 (v.l. ἐκ-), cf. Th. 8.78.


1. spend, of Time, θερείην Hdt. 1.189; freq. χρόνον δ. Lys. 3.11; παρά τινι Hdt. 1.24, etc.; δ. τινὰς ἡμέρας X. HG 6.5.49; ἓξ ἔτη Isoc. 4.141 (later c. gen., ἐτῶν οὐκ ὀλίγων ἐν Ῥώμῃ δ. Hdn. 3.10.2): Pass., ἐνιαυτὸς διετρίβη Th. 1.125.

2. abs. (without χρόνον), waste time, οὐ μὴ διατρίψεις..; make no more delay, Ar. Ra. 462; δ. ἐν γυμνασίοις pass all one's time there, Id. Nu. 1002; ἐν ἄστει Antipho 1.14; ἐν ἀγρῷ Philem. 71.6; αὐτοῦ, ἔνδον, Pl. Prt. 311a; δ. μετ' ἀλλήλων go on talking, Id. Phd. 59d, etc.: hence, busy, employ oneself, ἐν ζητήσει Id. Ap. 29c; ἐν φιλοσοφίᾳ Id. Tht. 173c; ἐπί τινι Id. Euthd. 305a, Isoc. 3.19, D. 2.16; ἀμφί τι X. Eq. 2.1; περί τι Pl. Phd. 90c, Isoc. 1.4; πρὸς ἱππικῇ Pl. Prm. 126c; πρὸς τοῖς ἔργοις Arist. Pol. 1309a8; πρὸς φιλοσοφίᾳ (prob. l. for -ίαν) Pl. R. 540b: c. part., δ. μελετῶσαι X. Cyr. 1.2.12. abs., lose time, delay, Il. 19.150, Hp. VC 19, Ar. Eq. 515, etc.; λέγε καὶ μὴ διάτ ριβε Pl. R. 472b; διατέτρῐφα I have let the time slip by.., Id. Tht. 143a: c. part., καθ' ἕκαστα λέγων δ. to waste time in speaking, Isoc. 3.35, cf. D. 1.9.

3. reside, PHal. 1.182 (iii B.C.), PStrassb. 22.6 (ii A.D.), etc.

III put off by delay, thwart, hinder, μή τι διατρίβειν ἐμὸν χόλον Il. 4.42; οὔ τι διατρίβω μητρὸς γάμον Od. 20.341; τἄριστον Ar. Fr. 503: c. dupl. acc. pers. et rei, ὄφρα κεν ἥ γε διατρίβῃσιν Ἀχαιοὺς ὃν γάμον put them off in the matter of her wedding, Od. 2.204: c. gen. rei, μὴ δηθὰ διατ ρίβωμεν ὁδοῖο let us not lose time on the way, ib. 404: Med., μή τι διατριβώμεθα πείρης A.R. 2.883.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

διατρίβω; imperfect διέτριβον; 1 aorist διετριψα; to rub between, rub hard, (properly, Homer, Iliad 11, 847, others); to wear away, consume; χρόνον or ἡμέρας, to spend, pass time: Acts 14:3, 28; Acts 16:12; Acts 20:6; Acts 25:6, 14 (Leviticus 14:8; Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, others); simply to stay, tarry, (cf. Buttmann, 145 (127); Winer's Grammar, 593 (552)): John 3:22; John 11:54 (WH Tr text ἔμεινεν); Acts 12:19; Acts 14:18 (Lachmann edition min.); ; (Judith 10:2; 2 Macc. 14:23, and often in secular authors from Homer, Iliad 19, 150 down).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

δια -τρίβω ,

[in LXX Leviticus 14:8 (H3427), Jeremiah 35:7 (H1481), Tobit 11:8; Tobit 11:12, Judith 10:2, 2 Maccabees 14:23 *;]

to rub hard, rub away, consume; δ . χρόνον , ἡμέρας , to spend time: Acts 14:3; Acts 14:28; Acts 16:12; Acts 20:6; Acts 25:6; Acts 25:14. Intransitively with ellipse of object (El., § 81, 1), to spend time, stay: John 3:22; John 11:54, Acts 15:35, Acts 12:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

διατρίβω is common = ";live,"; ";sojourn,"; e.g. P Hal I. 1.182 (middle iii/B.C.) ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐν Ἀπόλλωνος π [ ]λει διατρίβωσιν, P Lille I. 7.4 (iii/B.C.) διατρίβοντος γάρ μου μετὰ Ἀπολλωνίου ἐμοῦ οἰκείου, BGU I. 267.11 (A.D. 199) πρὸς μὲν τοὺς ἐν ἀλλοτρίᾳ πόλει διατρείβοντας ἐτῶν εἴκοσι ἀριθμῷ βεβαιοῦται (cf. P Strass I. 22.6), ib. IV. 1140.4 (B.C. 5) διατρείψας ἐνταῦθα (in Alexandria) τὸν πάντα χρόνον —the complaint of a Jew named Helenus, son of Tryphon an Alexandrian, Preisigke 1002.9 (? iii/A.D.) ἐν τῇ βασιλ [ευ ]ο [ ]σῃ Ῥώμῃ χρόνῳ πολλῷ διατρίψας, P Oxy III. 486.31 (A.D. 131) ἐνθάδ [ε ] μοι διατριβούσῃ ἀπηνγέλη τὰ ἐμὰ πάν [τα ] . . . ἀπολωλένα [ι, ib. IX. 1204.18 (A.D. 299) ἐπειδὴ κατὰ τὴν Ὄασιν τῆν Μεικρὰν διέτρειβεν, etc. So from the inscrr. Michel 332.4 (ii/B.C.) διατρίβων παρὰ βασιλεῖ Σκυθῶν, ";living at the court of the King of the Scythians."; These exx. make against the constr. suggested by Field (Notes p. 121) for Acts 14:3, by which χρόνον is the object of διέτριψαν instead of the acc. of time. For the subst. see OGIS 505.7 (A.D. 156) ὡς ἐν πατρίδι ταῖς Ἀθήναις τὴν διατριβὴν ποιησάμενος (= ἐν ταῖς Ἀ. ὡς ἐν π., as Dittenberger notes).

In connexion with the frequent use of this verb in Ac, Hobart (p. 221 f.) adduces exx. of its varied employment in medical writings. Διατριβή in MGr = ";dissertation,"; as in technical phraseology of ancient times, from which it apparently descends.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
διατρίβετε διατριβοντες διατρίβοντες Διατριψας Διατρίψας διατρίψει διέτριβε διετριβεν διέτριβεν διετριβον διέτριβον διετριψαμεν διετρίψαμεν διετριψαν διέτριψαν diatribontes diatríbontes Diatripsas Diatrípsas dietriben diétriben dietribon diétribon dietripsamen dietrípsamen dietripsan diétripsan
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