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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1323 - δίδραχμον
From G1364 and G1406
† δίδραχμος , -ον
(< δίς , δραχμή ),
worth two drachmae; τὸ δ . (sc. νόμισμα , coin),
a double drachma, nearly equal to the Jewish half-shekel, the amount of the Temple tax: Matthew 17:24 (DB, iii, 428).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
With the Jewish Temple tax of τὸ δίδραχμον (Matthew 17:24) may be compared a tax for a similar amount for the temple of Suchus : cf. e.g. the receipt for this tax in P Tebt II. 281 (B.C. 125) and BGU III. 748iii. 5 (A.D. 48) where it is paid upon a sale of house property—διαγέγραφ (ας) τὴν διδραχμία (ν) τοῦ Σούχου θεοῦ μεγάλο (υ) μεγάλο (υ) ἧς ἐώνησαι οἰκί (ας) κτλ. See further Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 360, Otto Priester i. p. 356 f., ii. p. 334. Can we recognize it in P Tebt II. 404.12 (late iii/A.D.) λόγος τῶν διδράχμων στατῆρες ξ ̄ζ ̄, ";on account of the didrachms 67 staters"; (Edd.)? If so, it is a very close parallel to τὰ δίδραχμα in Mt l.c., with the same use of the article and absence of further definition. In P Amh II. 50.20 (B.C. 106—a loan of money) provision is made for τοῦ ὑπερπεσόντος χρόνου τόκους διδράχμους τῆς μνᾶς τὸν μῆνα ἕκαστον, ";the overtime interest at the rate of two drachmae on the mina each month"; (Edd., who remark that this is 24% a year, ";the ordinary rate required upon loans not paid back at the specified date";). For δίδραγμον in late MSS. of the LXX, see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 103.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 14 / Ordinary 19