the Fifth Sunday of Lent
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1323 - δίδραχμον
- a didrachmon or double drachma, a silver coin equal to two Attic drachmas or one Alexandrian, or one half a shekel
From G1364 and G1406
δίδραχμον, διδράχμου, τό (neuter of the adjective δίδραχμος, δίδραχμον, namely, νόμισμα; from δίς and δραχμή), a didrachmon or double-drachma, a silver coin equal to two Attic drachmas or one Alexandrian, or half a shekel (about one third of a dollar) (see in ἀργύριον, 3): Matthew 17:24. (the Sept. often for שֶׁקֶל; (Pollux, Galen).)
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† δίδραχμος , -ον
(< δίς , δραχμή ),
worth two drachmae; τὸ δ . (sc. νόμισμα , coin),
[in LXX chiefly for H8255 (Genesis 23:15, a1.), also for H3701: Genesis 20:16, Deuteronomy 22:29;]
a double drachma, nearly equal to the Jewish half-shekel, the amount of the Temple tax: Matthew 17:24 (DB, iii, 428).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
With the Jewish Temple tax of τὸ δίδραχμον (Matthew 17:24) may be compared a tax for a similar amount for the temple of Suchus : cf. e.g. the receipt for this tax in P Tebt II. 281 (B.C. 125) and BGU III. 748iii. 5 (A.D. 48) where it is paid upon a sale of house property—διαγέγραφ (ας) τὴν διδραχμία (ν) τοῦ Σούχου θεοῦ μεγάλο (υ) μεγάλο (υ) ἧς ἐώνησαι οἰκί (ας) κτλ. See further Wilcken Ostr. i. p. 360, Otto Priester i. p. 356 f., ii. p. 334. Can we recognize it in P Tebt II. 404.12 (late iii/A.D.) λόγος τῶν διδράχμων στατῆρες ξ ̄ζ ̄, ";on account of the didrachms 67 staters"; (Edd.)? If so, it is a very close parallel to τὰ δίδραχμα in Mt l.c., with the same use of the article and absence of further definition. In P Amh II. 50.20 (B.C. 106—a loan of money) provision is made for τοῦ ὑπερπεσόντος χρόνου τόκους διδράχμους τῆς μνᾶς τὸν μῆνα ἕκαστον, ";the overtime interest at the rate of two drachmae on the mina each month"; (Edd., who remark that this is 24% a year, ";the ordinary rate required upon loans not paid back at the specified date";). For δίδραγμον in late MSS. of the LXX, see Thackeray Gr. i. p. 103.
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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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