Consider helping today!
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8255 - שֶׁקֶל
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שֶׁקֶל pl. שְׁקָלִים const. שִׁקְלֵי m. a shekel, a certain weight of gold and silver, containing twenty beans (גֵּרָה), Exodus 30:13 which the Hebrews used, when weighed, for money (compare עָבַר No. 2), Genesis 23:15, 16 Genesis 23:16; Exodus 21:32; Leviticus 5:15, 27:3, Leviticus 27:6; Joshua 7:21; 1 Samuel 17:5 of this there are two kinds distinguished, the holy shekel, Exodus 30:13 and the royal shekel, 2 Samuel 14:26 (but which was the larger and which the less of these is not stated). In the time of the Maccabees (1Ma_15:6 ) silver coins were struck of the weight of a shekel, bearing the inscription ישראל שקל (see F. P. Bayer, De Nummis Hebræo-Samaritanis, Valent. 1781, 4 to. p. 171, seqq.), which contained four Attic drachms (i.e. one stater), according to Josephus (Arch. iii. 8, § 2), nor does the weight of those still in being differ much from this, which, though worn with age, contains 215-229 grains troy weight, 60 grains of which are equal to one drachm (see Eckhel, Doctr. Numm. Vett. iii. p. 464. Fröhlich, Annal. Regum Syriæ, Prolegg. p. 84. Rasche, Lex. Rei Nummariæ iv. 2, p. 904). The LXX., however, often render שֶׁקֶל by δίδραχμον, which may be thus reconciled with the words of Josephus and the weight of existing coins, by supposing that the shekel before the Babylonian exile, and before the use of coined money, was a smaller weight. Of less value and weight was also the σίκλος, σίγλος used by the Persians, and containing 7½ oboli (six oboli being equal to one drachm), Xen. Anab. i. 5, § 6. Golden shekels used at Ephesus are mentioned by Alexander Ætolus, ap. Macrob. Sat. v. 22.
the Third Week after Epiphany