the Week of Proper 3 / Ordinary 8
Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary Greek Lexicon
Strong's #1378 - δόγμα
- doctrine, decree, ordinance
- of public decrees
- of the Roman Senate
- of rulers
- the rules and requirements of the law of Moses; carrying a suggestion of severity and of threatened judgment
- of certain decrees of the apostles relative to right living
δόγμα, ατος, τό, (δοκέω)
1. that which seems to one, opinion or belief, Pl. R. 538c; δ. πόλεως κοινόν Id. Lg. 644d, etc.; esp. of philosophical doctrines, Epicur. Nat. 14.7, 15.28, Str. 15.1.59, Ph. 1.204, etc.; notion, Pl. Tht. 158d, al.
2. decision, judgement, Id. Lg. 926d (pl.); public decree, ordinance, And. 4.6; τὰ τῶν Ἀμφικτυόνων δ. D. 5.19, cf. 18.154; δόγμα ποιήσασθαι, c. inf., X. An. 3.3.5; esp. of Roman Senatus-consulta, δ. συγκλήτου Plb. 6.13.2, IG 12(3).173.22; δ. τῆς βουλῆς D.H. 8.87.
δόγμα, δογματος, τό (from δοκέω, and equivalent to τό δεδογμενον), an opinion, a judgment (Plato, others), doctrine, decree, ordinance;
1. of public decrees (as τῆς πόλεως, Plato, legg. 1, p. 644 d.; of the Roman Senate (Polybius 6, 13, 2); Herodian, 7, 10, 8 (5, Bekker edition)): of rulers, Luke 2:1; Acts 17:7; Hebrews 11:23 Lachmann (Theod. in Daniel 2:13; Daniel 3:10; Daniel 4:3; Daniel 6:13, etc. — where the Sept. uses other words).
2. of the rules and requirements of the law of Moses, 3Macc. 1:3; διατήρησις τῶν ἁγίων δογμάτων, Philo, alleg. legg. i., § 16; carrying a suggestion of severity, and of threatened punishment, τόν νόμον τῶν ἐντολῶν ἐν δογμασι, the law containing precepts in the form of decrees (A. V. the law of commandments contained in ordinances), Ephesians 2:15; τό καθ' ἡμῶν χειρόγραφον τοῖς δογμασι equivalent to τό τοῖς δογμασι (dative of instrument) by ὄν καθ' ἡμῶν, the bond against us by its decrees, Colossians 2:14; cf. Winers Grammar, § 31, 10 Note 1 (Buttmann, 92 (80); on both passages see Lightfoot on Colossians, the passage cited).
3. of certain decrees of the apostles relative to right living: Acts 16:4. (Of all the precepts of the Christian religion: βεβαιωθῆναι ἐν τοῖς δόγμασιν τοῦ κυρίου καί τῶν ἀποστόλων, Ignatius ad Magnes. 13, 1 [ET]; of the precepts (`sentences' or tenets) of philosophers, in the later secular writings: Cicero, acad. 2, 9, 27de suis decretis, quae philosophi vocant dogmata.) (On the use of the word in general, see Lightfoot as above; (cf. 'Teaching' etc. 11, 3 [ET]).)
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δόγμα , -τος , τό
(< δοκέω ),
[in LXX chiefly for H1881, H2942;]
1. an opinion.
2. A public decree, ordinance: of Roman rulers, Luke 2:1, Acts 17:7; of the Jewish law, Ephesians 2:15, Colossians 2:14; of the Apostles, Acts 16:4 (Cremer, 205).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Bishop Hicks (CR i. p. 44 f.) has shown that δόγμα was not the regular word in republican Greece for a decree of the βουλή and the δῆμος, but was specially used for a decree of the Roman Senate. So, e.g., Syll 930.60 (B.C. 112) ἐξυγκλήτου δόγματος = e senatusconsulto. See the index s.v. in Cagnat I. p. 947, It came also to be applied to the placita philosophorum, and in general conveyed the idea of ";a positive ordinance, emanating from a distant and unquestionable authority."; With its use by Luke for the decrees of the Emperor (Luke 2:1, Acts 17:7) we may compare P Fay 20.22 (iii/iv A.D.), an important Edict, apparently of Severus Alexander, regarding the Aurum Coronarium, which ends—τούτου τοῦ ἐμοῦ δόγματος ἀντίγραφα τοῖς καθ᾽ ἑκάστην πόλιν ἄρχουσιν γενέσθω ἐπιμελὲς εἰς τὸ δημόσιον μάλιστα ἑστάν [αι ] σύνοπτα τοῖς ἀναγιγνώσκουσιν, ";let the rulers of the several cities see that copies of this my edict are set up in the most public places in full view of those who wish to read"; (Edd.). As showing the different uses to which the word came to be put, it must be sufficient to add Syll III. Index p. 173, where references are given to 150.13 (B.C. 333) κατὰ τὸ δόγμα τῶν Ἑλλήνων, 412.2 (Roman period) δόγματι τῆς Ὀλυμπικῆς βουλῆς, 557.21 παρὰ τὸ δόγμα τῶν Ἀμφικτυόνων, etc. An interesting example of the later ecclesiastical use of the word is found in the Christian prayer (end of (iv/A.D.) published by Schmidt in Ntliche Studien für G. Heinrici, p. 71.24 ὅπως καταξιωθῶμεν τῶ [ν ] εὐαγγελιζομένων δογμάτων τῶν ἁγίων σου ἀποστόλων.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
Copyright 1999-2023. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.