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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1515 - εἰρήνη

Transliteration
eirḗnē
Phonetics
i-rah'-nay
Origin
probably from a primary verb eiro (to join)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
2:400,207
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a state of national tranquillity
    1. exemption from the rage and havoc of war
  2. peace between individuals, i.e. harmony, concord
  3. security, safety, prosperity, felicity, (because peace and harmony make and keep things safe and prosperous)
  4. of the Messiah's peace
    1. the way that leads to peace (salvation)
  5. of Christianity, the tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and content with its earthly lot, of whatsoever sort that is
  6. the blessed state of devout and upright men after death
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 983 ‑ בֶּטַח (beh'‑takh);  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  3948 ‑ לֶקַח (leh'‑kakh);  6703 ‑ צַח (tsakh);  7962 ‑ שַׁלְוָה (shal‑vaw');  7965 ‑ שָׁלֹם (shaw‑lome', shaw‑lome');  8252 ‑ שָׁקַט (shaw‑kat');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (92)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
14
John
6
Acts
7
Romans
11
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
7
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
2
NAS (91)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
7
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
8
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
2
HCS (87)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
13
John
2
Acts
7
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
8
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
2
BSB (92)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
14
John
6
Acts
7
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
8
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
2
ESV (85)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
6
Romans
10
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
8
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Hebrews
3
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
Revelation
2
WEB (92)
Matthew
4
Mark
1
Luke
14
John
6
Acts
7
Romans
11
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
7
Philippians
3
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
3
2 Thessalonians
3
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
2
Titus
1
Philemon
1
Hebrews
4
James
3
1 Peter
3
2 Peter
2
2 John
1
3 John
1
Jude
1
Revelation
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

εἰρήν-η

(v. infr.), ,

I peace, Od. 24.486, etc.; ἐπ' εἰρήνης in time of peace, Il. 2.797; ἔθηκε πᾶσιν εἰ. φίλοις A. Pers. 769; εἰ. τἀκεῖθεν τέκνοις on that side they have peace, have naught to fear, E. Med. 1004; εἰ. γίγνεται peace is made, Hdt. 1.74: hence later, a peace, treaty of peace, ἡ βασιλέως εἰ. IG 22.103.24, etc.; εἰ. ποιεῖν 'Αρμενίοις καὶ Χαλδαίοις make peace between.., X. Cyr. 3.2.12; εἰ. ποιεῖσθαι And. 3.8, Aeschin. 2.77; εἰ. κατεργάζεσθαι, πράττειν, And. 3.8, 17; διαπράξασθαι X. HG 6.3.4; εἰρήνης δεῖσθαι ib. 2.2.13; εἰρήνην δέχεσθαι to accept it, ib. 22; λαβεῖν And. 3.7; εἰ. ἄγειν keep peace, be at peace, Ar. Av. 386, etc.; πρὸς ἀλλήλους Pl. R. 465b; εἰ. ἄγειν (v.l. ἔχειν) enjoy peace, X. An. 2.6.6; λύειν break it, D. 18.71; πολλὴ εἰ. τινὸς γίγνεται profound peace, Pl. R. 329c; ἐν εἰρήνῃ λέγειν, τὸν βίον διάγειν, Id. Smp. 189b, R. 372d; πόλεμον εἰρήνης χάριν [αἱρεῖσθαι ] Arist. Pol. 1333a35; εἰρήνης ἄρξας, = εἰρηναρχήσας, IGRom. 3.784, cf. 452.

II the goddess of peace, daughter of Zeus and Themis, Hes. Th. 902, cf. Pi. O. 13.7, B. Fr. 3.1, IG 3.170, Plu. Cim. 13, etc.

III Pythag. name for three, Theol.Ar. 16; for six, ib.37. Hebraism in LXX, ἐρωτῆσαί τινα εἰς εἰρήνην greet a person, inquire after their health, Jd. 18.15, 1 Samuel 17:22; ἐρ. τινὰ τὰ εἰς εἰ. ib. 10.4; so ἐπερωτᾶν εἰς εἰ. τοῦ πολέμου 2 Samuel 11:7; in salutations, εἰ. σοι; 2 Kings 4:26, cf. Luke 24:36, al.; εἰ. ἡ εἴσοδός σου 1 Kings 2:13. (ϝειράνα IG 5(1).1509 (Sparta, iv B. C., dub.); ἰράνα ib.4.917 (Epid.), 12(3).29.12 (Telos); cf. Boeot. πολέμω καἰράνας ib.7.2407, but Cret. πολέμω χ[]ρήνας GDI 5018.5; εἰρήνα Pi.l.c., B.l.c., SIG 241.80 (Delph., iv B. C.), later εἰράνα IG 5(1).935.14 (ii B. C.).)

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

εἰρήνη , -ης , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7965;]

peace;

1. of public peace, freedom from war: Luke 14:32, Acts 12:20; Acts 24:2; of the church, Acts 9:31.

2. Of peace between persons, concord, agreement: Matthew 10:34, Luke 12:51, Romans 14:17, 1 Corinthians 7:15, Galatians 5:22, James 3:18; ζητεῖν εἰ ., 1 Peter 3:11; διώκειν , 2 Timothy 2:22; ib. seq. μετὰ -πάντων , Hebrews 12:14; by meton., of him who brings peace, Ephesians 2:14.

3. As in LXX (= Heb. H7965, Aram. שְׁלָם ), of a state of security and safety: John 16:33, Romans 2:10, 1 Thessalonians 5:3; whence the formulæ, ὕπαγε (πορεύου ) εἰς εἰ ., Mark 5:34, Luke 7:50 (cf. 1 Samuel 1:17, al.; H7965 H1980); εἰ . ὑμῖν (H7965), John 20:19; John 20:21; John 20:26; ἀπολύειν ἐν εἰ , Luke 2:29, cf. 1 Corinthians 16:11; ἡ εἰ . ὑμῶν , Matthew 10:13 Luke 10:6; υἱὸς εἰρήνης , ib.

4. Of spiritual peace, the peace of Christ's kingdom (DCG, ii, 330 f.): Luke 1:79; Luke 2:14, John 16:3 Romans 2:10; Romans 5:1; Romans 8:6, al.; ὁ κύριος τῆς εἰ ., 2 Thessalonians 3:16; ὁ θεὸς τῆς εἰ , Romans 15:33; Romans 16:20, 2 Corinthians 13:11, al.; in epistolary salutations, Romans 1:7, 1 Corinthians 1:3, Galatians 1:3, 1 Thessalonians 1:1, 1 Peter 1:2, 2 John 1:3, Revelation 1:4, al. (v. Cremer, 244).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Strass I. 5.8 (A.D. 262) ἀνάξια [τ ]η ̣̑ς ὑπὸ σοῦ πᾶσιν ἡμῖν πρυτανευομένης ̣ εἰρή [ν ]ης ὁ πρεσβύτης παθών, P Goodsp Cairo 15.4 (A.D. 362) τὰ τετολμημένα εἰς ἐμὲ ἐν τοιαύτῃ πρ [υ ]τα [ν ]ευομένῃ εἰρήνῃ τοῦ δεσπότου [ ]μῶν βασιλέως Φλαουίου Ἰουλιανοῦ αἰωνίου Ἀ [γο ]ύστου, ";the things perpetrated against me in the tranquillity enjoyed under our lord king Flavius Julianus, eternal Augustus"; (Ed.). P Oxy I. 64.2 (iii/iv A.D.) shows an order for arrest addressed ἐπιστάτῃ εἰρήνης κώμης Τήεως : cf. ib. XII. 1507.3 (iii/A.D.), ib. 1559.3 (A.D. 341) ἐπόπτῃ εἰρήνης Ὀξυρυγχίτου, and Preisigke 4636 (iii/A.D.) a list of police officials including εἰρηνοφύλακες. P Oxy I. 41.27 (iii/iv A.D.) εἰρήνη πόλεως (voc.), addressed to a strategus, is worth quoting in connexion with Ephesians 2:14. From Christian sources we may quote Ramsay C. and B. ii. p. 720 No. 655 (prob. iii/A.D.) εἰρήν [η ] πάσῃ τῇ ἀδελ [φότητ ]ι from the dedication of a κοιμητήριον, and the commendatory letter P Oxy VIII. 1162.9 (iv/A.D.) σ ̣υ ̣ν ̣δέξασθαι αὐτὸν ἐν ἰρήνῃ For Εἰρήνη as a proper name see P Petr III. 30.4, BGU I. 115.6 (A.D. 189), and the letter of consolation P Oxy I. 115.1 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 96).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ειρη΄νην ειρηνη ειρήνη εἰρήνη εἰρήνῃ ειρηνην ειρήνην εἰρήνην ειρηνης ειρήνης εἰρήνης eirene eirēnē eirḗne eirḗnē eirḗnei eirḗnēi eirenen eirēnēn eirḗnen eirḗnēn eirenes eirēnēs eirḗnes eirḗnēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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