Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #7592 - שָׁאֵל

Transliteration
shâ'al, shâ'êl
Phonetics
shaw-al', shaw-ale'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2303
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to ask, enquire, borrow, beg

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to ask, ask for

1a2) to ask (as a favour), borrow

1a3) to enquire, enquire of

1a4) to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)

1a5) to seek

1b) (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence

1c) (Piel)

1c1) to enquire, enquire carefully

1c2) to beg, practise beggary

1d) (Hiphil)

1d1) to be given on request

1d2) to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2045 ‑ ἐραυνάω (er‑yoo‑nah'‑o);  2045 ‑ ἐραυνάω (er‑yoo‑nah'‑o);  1155 ‑ δανείζω (dan‑ide'‑zo);  1937 ‑ ἐπιθυμέω (ep‑ee‑thoo‑meh'‑o);  2212 ‑ ζητέω (dzay‑teh'‑o);  5540 ‑ χρῆσις (khray'‑sis);  782 ‑ ἀσπάζομαι (as‑pad'‑zom‑ahee);  3868 ‑ παραιτέομαι (par‑ahee‑teh'‑om‑ahee);  1871 ‑ ἐπαιτέω (ep‑ahee‑teh'‑o);  5530 ‑ χράομαι (khrah'‑om‑ahee);  154 ‑ αἰτέω (ahee‑teh'‑o);  1905 ‑ ἐπερωτάω (ep‑er‑o‑tah'‑o);  2065 ‑ ἐρωτάω (er‑o‑tah'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (172)
Genesis
13
Exodus
7
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
5
Judges
14
1 Samuel
31
2 Samuel
11
1 Kings
15
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
5
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
7
Psalms
10
Proverbs
2
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
8
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
1
NAS (163)
Genesis
13
Exodus
7
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
7
Joshua
5
Judges
13
1 Samuel
27
2 Samuel
10
1 Kings
15
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
4
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
7
Psalms
10
Proverbs
2
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
1
HCS (166)
Genesis
13
Exodus
7
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
5
Judges
14
1 Samuel
31
2 Samuel
10
1 Kings
11
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
5
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
7
Psalms
10
Proverbs
2
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
1
BSB (173)
Genesis
13
Exodus
7
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
5
Judges
14
1 Samuel
32
2 Samuel
11
1 Kings
15
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
6
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
7
Psalms
10
Proverbs
2
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
1
ESV (131)
Genesis
8
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
5
Joshua
3
Judges
10
1 Samuel
25
2 Samuel
8
1 Kings
13
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
4
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
6
Psalms
10
Proverbs
1
Ecclesiastes
1
Isaiah
7
Jeremiah
8
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Zechariah
1
WEB (172)
Genesis
15
Exodus
7
Numbers
1
Deuteronomy
8
Joshua
5
Judges
14
1 Samuel
31
2 Samuel
11
1 Kings
14
2 Kings
6
1 Chronicles
5
2 Chronicles
6
Ezra
1
Nehemiah
2
Job
6
Psalms
10
Proverbs
2
Ecclesiastes
2
Isaiah
8
Jeremiah
11
Lamentations
1
Ezekiel
1
Hosea
1
Jonah
1
Micah
1
Haggai
1
Zechariah
1
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1472) ls (סהל ShL) AC: Draw out CO: ? AB: ?

A) ls (סהל ShL) AC: ? CO: Quiet AB: ?: In the sense of quietness from prosperity.

Nm) ls (סהל ShL) - I. Of:In the sense of something being drawn out of something else. II. Neglect:[Unknown connection to root] KJV (4): though, cause, for - Strongs: H7944 (שַׁל), H7945 (שֶׁל)

fm) ils (סהלי ShLY) - Quietly: In the sense of prosperity. KJV (1): quietly - Strongs: H7987 (שְׁלִי)

rf) fls (סהלו ShLW) - Neglect: [Unknown connection to root; Aramaic only] KJV (5): amiss, fail, error - Strongs: H7955 (שִׂלָּה), H7960 (שָׁלוּת)

B) lls (סהלל ShLL) AC: Spoil CO: ? AB: ?: The spoils drawn out after battle.

V) lls (סהלל ShLL) - Spoil: KJV (16): (vf: Paal) spoil, take, fall, prey, purpose - Strongs: H7997 (שָׁלַל)

Nm) lls (סהלל ShLL) - Spoil: KJV (73): spoil, prey - Strongs: H7998 (שָׁלָל)

gm) llfs (סהולל ShWLL) - Spoiled: What is taken as spoil. KJV (4): spoil, strip - Strongs: H7758 (שֵׁילָל)

C) lsa (אסהל AShL) AC: ? CO: ? AB: ?: [Unknown meaning]

Nm) lsa (אסהל AShL) - Tamarisk: The tree or a grove. KJV (3): grove, tree - Strongs: H815 (אֵשֶׁל)

D) las (סהאל ShAL) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: To draw out something that is not known.

V) las (סהאל ShAL) - Ask: To seek to understand what is not known. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (179): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) ask, enquire, desire, require, borrow, salute, demand, lent, request, beg - Strongs: H7592 (שָׁאֵל), H7593 (שְׁאֵל)

Nf1) elas (סהאלה ShALH) - Request: A seeking for what is not known. KJV (15): petition, demand, loan - Strongs: H7595 (שְׁאֵלָה), H7596 (שֵׁלָה)

hf1) elasm (מסהאלה MShALH) - Request: A seeking for what is not known. KJV (2): petition, desire - Strongs: H4862 (מִשְׁאָלָה)

cf) lfas (סהאול ShAWL) - Grave: The place of the dead as an unknown place. KJV (65): grave, hell, pit - Strongs: H7585 (שְׁאֹל)

H) els (סהלה ShLH) AC: Draw out CO: ? AB: ?

V) els (סהלה ShLH) - I. Mislead:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Rest:[Aramaic only] KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) negligent, deceive, take, rest - Strongs: H7952 (שָׁלָה), H7953 (שָׁלָה), H7954 (שְׁלֵה)

J) lfs (סהול ShWL) AC: ? CO: Robe AB: ?: As long and drawn out.

Nm) lfs (סהול ShWL) - Robe: KJV (11): hem, skirt, train - Strongs: H7757 (שׁוּל)

K) fls (סהלו ShLW) AC: Prosper CO: ? AB: ?: A drawing out of what is needed.

V) fls (סהלו ShLW) - Prosper: KJV (5): (vf: Paal) prosper, safety, happy - Strongs: H7951 (שָׁלַו)

Nf1) efls (סהלוה ShLWH) - Prosperity: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (10): prosperity, peaceably, quietness, abundance, peace, tranquility - Strongs: H7959 (שָׁלוּ), H7962 (שַׁלְוָה), H7963 (שְׁלֵוָה)

bm) fils (סהליו ShLYW) - Prosperity: KJV (8): ease, peaceable, quietness, prosperity, quiet, prosper, wealthy - Strongs: H7961 (שְׁלֵוָה)

M) lis (סהיל ShYL) AC: Draw out CO: Infant AB: ?

ff1 ) eilis (סהיליה ShYLYH) - Infant: As drawn out of the mother. KJV (1): young - Strongs: H7988 (שִׁלְיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁאֵל fut. יִשְׁאַל (Syr. ܫܶܐܠ, Arab. سَأَلَ).

(1) to ask, to demand, followed by an acc. of the thing, 1 Samuel 12:13 and מִן Psalms 2:8 מֵאֵת 1 Samuel 8:10, of the person from whom any thing is asked, also followed by two acc. (αἰτεῖν τινά τι, to ask any one any thing), Psalms 137:3; Deuteronomy 14:26; Isaiah 45:11. Job 31:31, לִשְׁאוֹל בְּאָלָה נַפְשׁוֹ “by asking with a curse his (an enemy’s) life,” i.e. for his death, comp. Jonah 4:8, וַיִּשְׁאַל אֶת־נַפְשׁוֹ לָמוּת “and he desired death for himself;” 1 Kings 19:4.

(2) to ask, to request any thing from any one, Isaiah 7:11 (see עָמַק Hiphil), שָׁאַל שְׁאֵלָה see שְׁאֵלָה. Followed by an acc. of thing, Judges 5:25; 1 Kings 3:10 מִן of the person from whom it is asked, Psalms 21:5 also מֵאֵת 1 Kings 2:20 מֵעִים Deuteronomy 18:16 שָׁאַל דָּבָר לְ to ask any thing for any one, 1 Kings 2:22.

Specially

(a) to ask a loan, to borrow from any one, Exodus 3:22, 11:2 12:35. Part. שָׁאוּל lent, 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5. Followed by לְ prob. to lend, i.q. Hiphil, 1 Samuel 2:20.

(b) to ask alms, to beg, i.q. Piel No. 1, Proverbs 20:4. (Arab. Conj. V. id., ساَيِءلُ a beggar.)

(3) to inquire of, to interrogate, Judges 4:20 seq.; followed by an acc. of pers., Genesis 24:47; Job 40:7; Joshua 9:14, “but they inquired not at the mouth of Jehovah” (which they ought to have done); compare Isaiah 30:2; Genesis 24:57 followed by לְ of pers., Job 8:8. The person or thing asked about, has לְ before it, Judges 13:18; Genesis 32:30 עַל Nehemiah 1:2 acc., Haggai 2:11; Isaiah 45:11. Specially it is

(a) to consult; followed by בְּ (fich befragen ben), as שָׁאַל בַּיהוָֹה to consult the oracle of Jehovah, Judges 1:1, 18:5 20:18 שָׁאַל בַּתְּרָפִים to consult Teraphim, Ezekiel 21:26 Followed by לְ for any one, for his benefit, 1 Samuel 22:10, 13 1 Samuel 22:13, 15 1 Samuel 22:15; Numbers 27:21.

(b) שָׁאַל לִפְ׳ לְשָׁלוֹם to ask of any one’s health; hence to salute, Genesis 43:27; 1 Samuel 10:4, 17:22 30:21 Exodus 18:7.

Niphal, to ask for oneself, to ask leave (like the Gr. αἰτοῦμαί σε τοῦτο; Germ. fich etwas ausbitten; followed by מִן of pers. and a gerund of the thing, to do which one asks for leave, 1 Samuel 20:6, 28 1 Samuel 20:28(where the verb is omitted); followed by a finite verb, Nehemiah 13:6. Comp. Gram. § 50, 2. Others take it, to obtain by prayers, leave or liberty from a master; Germ. fich fren=losbitten.

Piel שִׁאֵל

(1) to beg, to be a beggar, i.q. Kal No. 2, b; Psalms 109:10.

(2) to question, 2 Samuel 20:18.

Hiphil, to lend, Exodus 12:36; 1 Samuel 1:28 compare Kal No. 2, a.

Derivatives, שְׁאֵלָה, מִשְׁאָלָה; and the pr.n. שְׁאָל, שָׁאוּל, שֵׁלָה שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל, אֶשְׁתָּאוֹל.

II.

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List of Word Forms
אֶ֝שְׁאָלְךָ֗ אֶשְׁאֲלָ֤ה אֶשְׁאַ֥ל אלו אלת אלתם אשאל אשאלה אשאלך הֲשָׁאַ֥לְתִּי הִשְׁאִלְתִּ֙הוּ֙ הַשֹּׁאֲלִ֥ים השאלים השאלתהו השאלתי וְ֝אֶשְׁאָלְךָ֗ וְאֶשְׁאָלֵ֖ם וְיִשְׁאֲל֞וּ וְנִשְׁאֲלָ֖ה וְשִׁאֵ֑לוּ וְשַֽׁאֲלִי־ וְשַׁאֲל֣וּ ׀ וְשָׁ֥אַל וְשָׁא֥וֹל וְשָׁאֲל֥וּ וְשָׁאֲלָ֨ה וְשָׁאַ֧לְתָּ וְשָׁאַלְתָּ֖ וְשֹׁאֵ֥ל וְשָׁאַ֖ל וִשְׁאֵֽלְךָ֙ וַֽיִּשְׁאֲל֞וּ וַֽיִּשְׁאֲלוּ֙ וַיִּשְׁאֲל֣וּ וַיִּשְׁאֲל֤וּ וַיִּשְׁאֲל֥וּ וַיִּשְׁאֲלוּ־ וַיִּשְׁאַ֕ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֖ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֞ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֣ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֤ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֥ל וַיִּשְׁאַ֨ל וַיִּשְׁאַל֩ וַיִּשְׁאַל־ וַיִּשְׁאָלֵ֑הוּ וַיִּשְׁאָלֵ֧הוּ וַיִּשְׁאָלֵ֨הוּ וַיַּשְׁאִל֑וּם וַתִּֽשְׁאַל־ וָאֶשְׁאַ֣ל וָאֶשְׁאָלֵ֞ם וּשְׁאֵלֵ֗ךְ וּשְׁאֶלְתֶּם־ ואשאל ואשאלך ואשאלם וישאל וישאל־ וישאלהו וישאלו וישאלו־ וישאלום ונשאלה ושאול ושאל ושאלה ושאלו ושאלי־ ושאלך ושאלת ושאלתם־ ותשאל־ יְשָׁאֲל֛וּ יִשְׁאַ֥ל יִשְׁאַל־ יִשְׁאָ֔ל יִשְׁאָ֔לוּ יִשְׁאָל֙וּנִי֙ יִשְׁאָל֨וּן יִשְׁאָלְךָ֥ יִשְׁאָלְךָ֩ יִשְׁאָלֽוּנִי׃ ישאל ישאל־ ישאלו ישאלון ישאלוני ישאלוני׃ ישאלך ל֥וֹ ל֨וֹ לִֽשְׁאָל־ לִשְׁא֑וֹל לִשְׁא֤וֹל לִשְׁא֥וֹל לִשְׁאָל־ לִשְׁאֹ֖ל לִשְׁאֹ֣ל לִשְׁאֹ֥ל לִשְׁאָל־ לו לשאול לשאל לשאל־ נִשְׁאַ֥ל נִשְׁאַ֥לְתִּי נִשְׁאַ֨ל נִשְׁאֹ֨ל נִשְׁאֹל֩ נשאל נשאלתי שְֽׁאֵל֪וּנוּ שְׁ֭אֶלְתֶּם שְׁאִלְתִּ֙יהוּ֙ שְׁאִלְתִּֽיו׃ שְׁאֶלְתֶּ֑ם שְׁאַ֖ל שְׁאַ֣ל שְׁאַ֤ל שְׁאַ֨ל שְׁאַל֙ שְׁאַל־ שְׁאָל֔וּנִי שַֽׁאֲלוּ־ שַׁ֭אֲלוּ שַׁאֲל֨וּ שַׁאֲלִ֣י שַׁאֲלִי־ שַׁאֲלוּ־ שָֽׁאֲל֣וּ שָֽׁאַל־ שָׁ֠אַלְתָּ שָׁ֣אֲלוּ שָׁא֖וּל שָׁא֣וֹל שָׁאֲל֖וּ שָׁאַ֔ל שָׁאַ֖ל שָׁאַ֖לְתְּ שָׁאַ֖לְתִּי שָׁאַ֖לְתָּ שָׁאַ֙לְתָּ֙ שָׁאַ֜לְתָּ שָׁאַ֣ל שָׁאַ֣לְתִּי שָׁאַ֤לְתָּ שָׁאַ֥לְתָּ שָׁאַ֨לְתָּ שָׁאָ֑לְתָּ שָׁאָ֑לוּ שָׁאָ֔ל שָׁאָ֔לָה שָׁאָ֔לוּ שָׁאָֽלְתָּ׃ שָׁאָֽל׃ שָׁאָֽלוּ׃ שָׁאֹ֧ל שָׁאֽוּל׃ שֹׁאֵ֔ל שֹׁאֵ֖ל שֹׁאֵ֣ל שֹׁאֵ֨ל שֹׁאֶ֜לֶת שֹׁאֶ֣לֶת שאול שאול׃ שאל שאל־ שאל׃ שאלה שאלו שאלו־ שאלו׃ שאלונו שאלוני שאלי שאלי־ שאלת שאלת׃ שאלתי שאלתיהו שאלתיו׃ שאלתם תִּֽשְׁאָלְךָ֖ תִּשְׁאַ֣ל תִּשְׁאָלֵ֑נִי תשאל תשאלך תשאלני ’ă·lū ’al·tā ’altā ’ălū ’el·tem ’eltem ’eš’al ’eš’ălāh ’eš’āləḵā ’eš·’ă·lāh ’eš·’ā·lə·ḵā ’eš·’al alta alu eltem eshAl eshaLah eshalcha hă·šā·’al·tî haš·šō·’ă·lîm hăšā’altî hashaAlti hashshoaLim haššō’ălîm hiš’iltihū hiš·’il·ti·hū hishilTihu liš’āl- liš’ōl liš’ōwl liš·’āl- liš·’ō·wl liš·’ōl lishol lo lōw niš’al niš’altî niš’ōl niš·’al niš·’al·tî niš·’ōl nishAl nishAlti nishOl šā’al šā’āl šā’al- šā’ālāh šā’ālətā ša’ălî ša’ălî- šā’alt šā’altā šā’altî ša’ălū šā’ălū šā’ālū ša’ălū- šā’ōl šā’ōwl šā’ūl šā·’ā·lāh šā·’ā·lə·tā ša·’ă·lî ša·’ă·lî- ša·’ă·lū šā·’ă·lū šā·’ā·lū ša·’ă·lū- šā·’al šā·’āl šā·’al- šā·’al·tā šā·’al·tî šā·’alt šā·’ō·wl šā·’ōl šā·’ūl šə’al šə’al- šə’ālūnî šə’eltem šə’êlūnū šə’iltîhū šə’iltîw šə·’ā·lū·nî šə·’al šə·’al- šə·’ê·lū·nū šə·’el·tem šə·’il·tî·hū šə·’il·tîw shaal shaAlah shaAleta shaaLi shaAlt shaAlta shaAlti shaAlu shaol shaUl sheal sheaLuni sheelTem sheeLunu sheilTihu sheilTiv shoEl shoElet šō’êl šō’eleṯ šō·’e·leṯ šō·’êl tiš’al tiš’āləḵā tiš’ālênî tiš·’ā·lə·ḵā tiš·’ā·lê·nî tiš·’al tishAl tishaleCha tishaLeni ū·šə·’ê·lêḵ ū·šə·’el·tem- ūšə’êlêḵ ūšə’eltem- usheeLech usheeltem vaeshAl vaeshaLem vaiyashiLum vaiyishAl vaiyishaLehu vaiyishaLu vattishal veeshalcha veeshaLem venishaLah veShaal veshaaLah veshaali veshaalTa veshaaLu veshaol veshiElu veshoEl veyishaLu visheleCha wā’eš’al wā’eš’ālêm wā·’eš·’ā·lêm wā·’eš·’al wat·tiš·’al- wattiš’al- way·yaš·’i·lūm way·yiš·’ā·lê·hū way·yiš·’ă·lū way·yiš·’ă·lū- way·yiš·’al way·yiš·’al- wayyaš’ilūm wayyiš’al wayyiš’al- wayyiš’ālêhū wayyiš’ălū wayyiš’ălū- wə’eš’āləḵā wə’eš’ālêm wə·’eš·’ā·lə·ḵā wə·’eš·’ā·lêm wə·niš·’ă·lāh wə·šā·’ă·lāh wə·ša·’ă·lî- wə·ša·’ă·lū wə·šā·’ă·lū wə·šā·’al wə·šā·’al·tā wə·šā·’ō·wl wə·ši·’ê·lū wə·šō·’êl wə·yiš·’ă·lū wəniš’ălāh wəšā’al wəšā’ălāh wəša’ălî- wəšā’altā wəša’ălū wəšā’ălū wəšā’ōwl wəši’êlū wəšō’êl wəyiš’ălū wiš’êləḵā wiš·’ê·lə·ḵā yə·šā·’ă·lū yəšā’ălū yeshaaLu yiš’al yiš’āl yiš’al- yiš’āləḵā yiš’ālū yiš’ālūn yiš’ālūnî yiš·’ā·lə·ḵā yiš·’ā·lū yiš·’ā·lū·nî yiš·’ā·lūn yiš·’al yiš·’āl yiš·’al- yishAl yishaleCha yishAlu yishaLun yishaLuni
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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שְׁאֵל