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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1625 - ἐκτρέφω

from (G1537) and (G5142)
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  1. to nourish up to maturity, to nourish
  2. to nurture, bring up
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1431 ‑ גָּדַל (gaw‑dal');  1580 ‑ גָּמַל (gaw‑mal');  2421 ‑ חָיָה (khaw‑yaw');  3557 ‑ כּוּל (kool);  3766 ‑ כָּרַע (kaw‑rah');  5095 ‑ נָהַל (naw‑hal');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (2)
Ephesians 2
BSB (2)
Ephesians 2
CSB (2)
Ephesians 2
ESV (2)
Ephesians 2
KJV (3)
Ephesians 3
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (3)
Ephesians 3
N95 (2)
Ephesians 2
NAS (3)
Ephesians 2
NLT (2)
Ephesians 2
WEB (2)
Ephesians 2
YLT (2)
Ephesians 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


I bring up from childhood, rear up, Hdt. 1.122, A. Ch. 750, etc.; ἐξέφυσε κἀξέθρεψέ με S. OT 827; ἐκτεθραμμένοι σκύμνοι λεόντων true-bred.., E. Supp. 1222; of plants, τὸ ἐκτρέφον τὴν ῥίζαν Hdt. 1.193; ἐκτρέφει ἡ γῆ τὸ σπέρμα X. Oec. 17.10; ποταμοῦ πνεῦμα τραχύτερον ἐκθρέψαντος Plu. 2.357d: Med., rear up for oneself, τινά h.Cer. 166; ἤνεγκα κἀξέσωσα κἀξεθρεψάμην, says the παιδαγωγός, S. El. 13, cf. Fr. 387, Pl. Lg. 929a: Pass., εἴ σοί τις υἱός ἐστιν ἐκτεθραμμένος Ar. Nu. 796; ἐγένου τε καὶ ἐξετράφης Pl. Cri. 50e, cf. Lys. 19.8.

II Med., of pregnant animals, nourish, [ ζῷα] μεγάλα ἐντὸς ἐκθρέψωνται Pl. Ti. 91d: Act., bring to birth, τὰ κυήματα Arist. GA 773a34.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκτρέφω; from Aeschylus down;

1. to nourish up to maturity; then universally, to nourish: τήν ἑαυτοῦ σάρκα, Ephesians 5:29.

2. to nurture, bring up: τά τέκνα, Ephesians 6:4.

STRONGS NT 1625a: ἔκτρομος [ἔκτρομος, adjective (cf. ἔκφοβος), trembling exceedingly, exceedingly terrified: Hebrews 12:21 Tr marginal reading WH mrg, after the Sinaiticus and Claromontanus manuscripts (others ἔντρομος, which see). Not found elsewhere.]

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -τρέφω ,

[in LXX for H1431, etc.;]

1. prop., of children, to nurture, bring up: Ephesians 6:4.

2. to nourish: Ephesians 5:29.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

With the use of this verb in Ephesians 6:4 we may compare P Ryl II. 178.14 (early i/A.D.), an agreement with a nurse, in which she states—τέθειμαι τὴν ὁμολογίαν καὶ ἐκθρέψωι τὸ δουλικὸν σωμάτιον Θερμουθάριον ἐπὶ τὰ δύο ἔτηι, ";I have made the agreement and I will nurse the infant slave Thermoutharion for the two years"; (Edd.), and the interesting inscr. from the southern cemetery at Karabunar (Calder, No. 8) in which a son commemorates his mother—τήν τε [οἰκί ]αν κυβερνήσασα ἀνενκλήτως καὶ τὸ παιδίον ἐκθρέψασα. See also Syll 326.34 (i/A.D.) τὸν μὲν ἐκθρέψαντα αὐτόν, and Menandrea p. 41.577 παιδία ἐκτρέφομεν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκθρέψαι εκθρέψουσι εκθρέψω εκθρέψωσι εκτραφέντα εκτραφέντων εκτρεφει εκτρέφει ἐκτρέφει εκτρεφετε εκτρέφετε ἐκτρέφετε εκτρέφωσιν εκτρίβει εκτριβή εκτριβήναι εκτριβής εκτριβήσεσθε εκτριβήσεται εκτριβήση εκτριβήσομαι εκτρίβοντες εκτριβώμεν εκτριβώσιν εκτρίψαι εκτρίψατε εκτρίψει εκτρίψεις εκτρίψη εκτρίψητε εκτρίψουσιν εκτρίψω εκτρίψωμεν εκτρυγήσεις εκτρώγων εξέδραμεν εξέθρεψα εξέθρεψας εξέθρεψέ εξέθρεψεν εξέτρεφον εξετρίβησαν εξέτριψα εξέτριψαν εξέτριψας εξέτριψε εξέτριψεν ektrephei ektréphei ektrephete ektréphete
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