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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1721 - ἔμφυτος

from (G1722) and a derivative of (G5453)
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  1. inborn, implanted by nature, implanted by others instruction
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ASV (1)
James 1
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James 1
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James 1
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James 1
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James 1
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James 1
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James 1
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James 4
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James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἔμφῠτος, ον,

I inborn, natural, ἔ. μαντ ικὴν εἶχε Hdt. 9.94; πατρὸς αἶμα S. OC 1671 (lyr.); τοῖς πλουτοῦσι τοῦτο δ' ἔ. E. Fr. 776.1, cf. Men. 15.1 D.; ἔρως ἔ. τοῖς ἀνθρώποις Pl. Smp. 191d; ἡ μὲν [ ἰδέα ] ἔ. οὖσα, ἐπιθυμία ἡδονῶν Id. Phdr. 237d, cf. D. 60.1; αἰσχροκέρδεια, πονηρία, Din. 1.108; κακία LXX Wi. 12.10; ἔ. ἡ ἀρετή, opp. διδακτός, Pl. Erx. 398c, cf. Lys. 33.7; τὸ ἔ. θερμόν Hp. Aph. 1.14; ἔ. θερμότης Arist. Mete. 355b9; οὐκ ἦν ταῦτα τοῖς 'αθηναίοις πάτρια.. οὐδ' ἔ. D. 18.203; τὰν ἔ. αὐτοῖς ἀθεσίαν IPE 1.185 (Chersonesus). Adv. -τως Ph. Fr. 70H.


1. planted, Χωρίον PHamb. 23.16 (vi A. D.); ἐλαῖαι BGU 241.28 (ii A. D.).

2. implanted, λόγος James 1:21.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔμφυτος (see ἐν, III. 3), ἔμφυτον (ἐμφύω to implant), in secular authors (from Herodotus down) inborn, implanted by nature; cf. Grimm, Exeget. Hdb. on Sap. (xii. 10), p. 224; implanted by others' instruction: thus James 1:21 τόν ἔμφυτον λόγον, the doctrine implanted by your teachers (others by God; cf. Brückner in DeWette, or Huther at the passage), δέξασθε ἐν πραΰτητι, receive like mellow soil, as it were.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἔμ -φυτος , -ον

(< ἐμφύω , to implant),

[in LXX: . ἡ κακία αὐτῶν , Wisdom of Solomon 12:10 *;]

1. innate (Wisdom of Solomon 12:10).

2. rooted, implanted: James 1:21 (v. Mayor, in l).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The meaning of ";inborn,"; ";natural,"; which Hort advocates for James 1:21, as distinguished from ";implanted"; from without, is supported by BGU II. 613.10 (time of Anton. Pius) κ ]ατὰ τὴν ἔμφυτόν σου εὐμένειαν ";in accordance with your natural kindness"; : cf. P Oxy VI. 899.19 (A.D. 200) διὰ τὴν ἔμφυτόν σου εὐεργεσίαν, CP Herm I. 52 . .17 (iii/A.D.) κατὰ τὴν ἔμφυτον αὐτοῦ πρὸς το [ὺς ὑπ ]ηκόους φιλανθρωπίαν, Cagnat IV. 144.7 (Cyzicus, i/A.D.) τῆι δὲ ἐμφύτωι φιλανθρωπίᾳ πρός τε τοὺς ἐνχωρίους καὶ τοὺς ξένους ἐχρήσατο, Syll 326.15 (i/A.D.) τῶν δὲ Σκυθᾶν τὰν ἔμφυτον [αὐ ]τοῖς ἀθεσίαν ἐκφανῆ καταστασάντων. The late P Hamb I. 23.16 (A.D. 569) ἀμπελικὸν χωρίον ἔμφυτον may be compared with P Giss I. 56.7 (vi/A.D.) χωρίον ἀμπελικὸν ζωόφ [υ ]τ [ον, where the editor (see Intr. p. 96 n..1) understands ζωόφυτον as = ζώφυτον ";pflanzenernährend,"; ";fruchtbar."; For the verb = ";graft,"; see Syll 531.34 (iii/A.D.) ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ἐμφυτε [ύηι ] τὰ φυτά, ἀποτεισάτω ἑκάστου δραχμήν : cf. .40 συκᾶς [ἐμφυ ]τ [εύειν.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμφυτον έμφυτον ἔμφυτον emphuton emphyton émphyton
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