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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1867 - ἐπαινέω

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  1. to approve, to praise
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1984 ‑ הָלַל (haw‑lal');  7623 ‑ שָׁבַח (shaw‑bakh');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
BSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
CSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
ESV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
KJV (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
N95 (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
NAS (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
NLT (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 8
WEB (6)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 4
YLT (5)
Luke 1
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Aeol. ἐπαίνημι Simon. 5.19; Lacon. ἐπαινίω Ar. Lys. 198: impf. ἐπῄνεον Il 3.461 (tm.): fut. -έσω Semon. 7.29, S. El. 1057, E. Andr. 465 (lyr.), Heracl. [300], Pl. Smp. 214e (dub. l.), X. An. 1.4.16, 5.5.8: but more freq. -έσομαι E. Ba. 1195 (lyr.), Pl. Smp. 199a, R. 379e, 383a, X. HG 3.2.6, D. 2.31, etc.; poet. -ήσω Thgn. 93 codd., Pi. P. 10.69: aor. 1 ἐπῄνεσα S. Aj. 536, Th. 1.86, etc. (v. infr.); poet. (not Trag.) ἐπῄνησα Il. 2.335, 18.312, Thgn. 876, Pi. P. 4.168, 189: also Aeol. prose, Schwyzer 622.21, 623.31, 636.17 (but -έσαι 623.34): pf. ἐπῄνεκα Isoc. 12.207,261, Pl. Plt. 307a, etc.:


1. Med., aor. ἐπῃνησάμην Them. Or. 16.200c; -εσάμην Phalar. 147: Pass., fut. ἐπαινεθήσομαι And. 2.13, Pl. R. 474d; later ἐπαινηθήσομαι Longus 4.4 codd.: aor. ἐπῃνέθην Th. 2.25, Isoc. 12.146, etc.; but ἐπῃνήθην SIG 708.20 (Istropolis, ii B. C.): pf. ἐπῄνημαι Hp. Acut. 51, Isoc. 12.233: = αἰνέω (for which it is regularly used in Att.): approve, applaud, commend, in Hom. mostly abs., ἐπὶ δ' ᾔνεον ἄλλοι Ἀχαιοί Il. 3.461, etc.: c. acc. rei, μῦθον ἐπαινήσαντες Ὀδυσσῆος 2.335; μῦθον ἐ. πρεσβυτέροισι h.Merc. 457; σύνθεσιν Pi. P. 4.168: c. dat. pers., agree with, side with, Ἕκτορι μὲν γὰρ ἐπῄνησαν Il. 18.312: abs., assent, agree, Ar. Av. 1616; ἐπαινεσάντων δ' αὐτῶν on their assent, Th. 4.65.

2. praise, commend in any way (the usu. sense in Att. and Trag.), τινά or τι, Alc. 37 A, Hdt. 3.34, 6.130; τὸ λίαν ἧσσον ἐ. τοῦ μηδὲν ἄγαν E. Hipp. 264; ἐ. τινά τι commend one for a thing, but in this case the thing is always a neut. Pron. or Adj., τὰ μέν σ' ἐπαινῶ A. Pr. 342 (cf. 111); πάντ' ἔχω σ' ἐπαινέσαι S. Aj. 1381, cf. Pl. Smp. 222a; in Din. 3.22 ἐπαινεῖσθαι ταῖς ζητήσεσιν, [ἐπί] shd. be read; ἐπί τινι.. καὶ διότι Inscr.Prien. 44.17 (ii B. C.); εἴς τι Pl. Alc. 1.111a; κατά τι D.S. 1.37; πρός τι Pl. Tht. 145b; also ἐ. τινά τινος Plu. 2.1c, Luc. Herm. 42 (but ἐ. τί τινος praise something in some one, Pl. Prt. 361d): c.acc. cogn., ἔπαινον ἐ. Id. La. 181b: c. part., ἐπαινέσεσθαί τινα ἀνασχόμενον D. 21.73; ἐ. τινὰ ὅτι.. Pl. Grg. 471d; ἐ. τινὰ πρός τινα praise one man to another, Id. R. 501c; esp. compliment publicly, [Βρασίδας] πρῶτος τῶν κατὰ τὸν πόλεμον ἐπῃνέθη ἐν Σπάρτῃ Th. 2.25; freq. in honorary Inscrr., cf. IG 22.102, Inscr.Prien. l.c., etc.: c. dat. pers., τῷ δήμῳ τῷ Σαμίων IG 12.101.2, cf. SIG 604.11 (Delph., ii B. C.).

3. of things, [πολιτεία] ὑπὸ πάντων -ουμένη Isoc. 12.118, cf. Arist. Pol. 1289a1; νόμοι -ούμενοι Id. Rh. 1375b24; approve, πόλις ἄλλως ἄλλοτ' ἐ. τὰ δίκαια A. Th. 1077.

4. agree to or undertake to do, ῥώμην μ' ἐπαινῶ λαμβάνειν E. Andr. 553; ἐ. εἰς τὸ λοιπόν PTeb. 8.18 (iii B. C.).

5. aor. ἐπῄνεσα in Att. in pres. sense, ἐπῄνεσ' ἔργον I commend it, S. Aj. 536: abs., well done! Id. Fr. 282, Ar. Ach. 485, cf. E. Alc. 1095, Med. 707.

II = παραινέω, recommend, advise, τοιούσδ' ἐπαινεῖς δῆτα δὺ κτᾶσθαι φίλους; S. Aj. 1360, cf. A. Th. 596, Supp. 996: c. dat. et inf., ὑμῖν δ' ἐπαινῶ γλῶσσαν εὔφημον φέρειν Id. Ch. 581; σιγᾶν ἐπῄνεσ' (cf. 1.5) S. El. 1322, cf. OC 665.

III as a civil form of declining an offer or invitation, I thank you, I am much obliged, κάλλιστ', ἐπαινῶ Ar. Ra. 508 (ubi v. Sch.), cf. A. Pr. 342; so ἐ. τὴν κλῆσιν decline it, X. Smp. 1.7, cf. An. 7.7.52. of Rhapsodists, recite, declaim publicly, Pl. Ion 536d, 541e.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπαινέω, ἐπαινῶ; future ἐπαινέσω (1 Corinthians 11:22, for the more common ἐπαινέσομαι, cf. Winers Grammar, 86 (82); (Buttmann, 53 (46)); L text Tr marginal reading ἐπαινῶ); 1 aorist ἐπῄνεσα; (ἔπαινος); from Homer down; the Sept. for הִלֵּל and שִׁבַּח; to approve, to praise (with the ἐπί cf. German be- inbeloben (Passow, under the word ἐπί, IV. C. 3 cc.)): τινα, Romans 15:11; 1 Corinthians 11:22; τινα, followed by ὅτι (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 9 b.), Luke 16:8; 1 Corinthians 11:2; absolutely, followed by ὅτι, 1 Corinthians 11:17.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπ -αινέω , - ,

[in LXX for H1984 pi., H7623 pi.;]

to praise: c. acc, Romans 15:11, 1 Corinthians 11:22; seq. ὅτι , Luke 16:8, 1 Corinthians 11:2; absol., seq. ὅτι , 1 Corinthians 11:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Syll 192.62 (B.C. 290–87) καὶ ] ἐπὶ πᾶσι τούτοις ἐπείνεκε (for form see Meisterhans Gr. p. 171) καὶ ἐστεφάνωκεν αὐτὸν ὁ δῆμος [οὐθὲν ἐλλείποντα ] σπονδῆς πρὸς τὴν πόλιν, Magn 115 a. .13 (ii/A.D.) ὅτι μὲν γὰ [ρ τ ]ὴν ἐμὴν ἐκπονεῖς [γ ]ῆν. . . ἐπαι [ν ]ῶ σὴν πρόθεσιν. According to Meisterhans Gr. p. 211 the construction with the acc. prevails from B.C. 350 : previous to that the verb is found also with the dative. For the constr. in Luke 16:8 with the acc. of the person and the gen. of the thing we may compare IMAe iii. 910 Θ. τὴν ἑαυτοῦ γυναῖκα. . . στοργῆς καὶ καλοκἀγαθίας ἧς ἔσχεν ἰς ἐμὲ ἀφηρόϊσεν (";canonized as a hero";). In P Eleph 13.4 (B.C. 223–2) ἐγὼ οὖν ἐπυνθανόμην τοῦ Σανῶτος, εἴ τι βούλοιτο ἐν τοῖς καθ ̣̕ ̣μ ̣ᾶς τόποις, ὁ δὲ ἐπήινει μόνον, ἐπέταξεν δ᾽ οὐθέν, ἐπήινει is = ";approbabat,"; ";assentiebatur,"; almost = ";thanked me,"; ";said he was obliged"; (cf. the classical formula, κάλλιστ᾽ ἐπαινῶ), a sense which apparently does not occur elsewhere in the papyri : see Witkowski’s note, Epp..2, p. 43. MGr παινῶ retains the meaning ";praise.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επαινεθήσεται επαινεθησόμεθα επαινεθήσονται επαίνει επαινείσθαι επαινείσθε επαινείται επαινέσατε επαινεσατωσαν ἐπαινεσάτωσαν επαινέσει επαινέσουσί επαινεσω επαινέσω ἐπαινέσω επαινούντές Επαινω επαινώ Ἐπαινῶ επηνέθησαν επήνεσα επήνεσαν επηνεσεν επήνεσεν ἐπῄνεσεν epainesatosan epainesatōsan epainesátosan epainesátōsan epaineso epainesō epainéso epainésō Epaino Epainô Epainō Epainō̂ epḗinesen epenesen epēnesen
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