For 10¢ a day you can enjoy ads
free while helping to build churches and support pastors in Uganda.
Click here to learn more!

Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #1948 - ἐπικρίνω

from (G1909) and (G2919)
Parts of Speech
  1. to adjudge, approve by one's decision, decree, give sentence
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (1)
NAS (2)
HCS (1)
BSB (1)
ESV (1)
WEB (1)
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπι-κρίνω [κρῑ],

fut. -κρῐνῶ (v.infr.):


1. decide, determine, τι Pl. Lg. 768a; τὸ πλεῖον καὶ τοὔλαττον D.H. 3.29; περί τινος Decr. ap. D. 18.38; τοῦ ἐπικρινοῦντος δέοι ἄν Pl. R. 524e: c. inf., ἐπέκρινε γενέσθαι τὸ αἴτημα αὐτῶν Luke 23:24; ἐ. τί διαφέρει what is the difference, Arist. de An. 431a20; τὸ ἐπικρῖνον the deciding power, Id. Insomn. 461b25; also, principle of selection, rule of life, Epicur. Nat. 125G.; adjudge, inflict, θάνατόν τινι LXX 2 Maccabees 4:47 : Pass., μέχρις ἂν ἐπικριθῇ αὐτῷ ὑπὸ τῶν ἱερέων ἢ ἀποδοῦναι αὐτὸν ἢ εἰσέρχεσθαι until the judges determine whether he shall pay up or enter (without payment), SIG 1109.71, cf. PTeb. 284.2 (i B.C.).

2.. c.acc.pers., judge, τινά Ph. 2.380: Pass., ib. 309.


1. select, pick out, ἐξ ἑαυτῶν τὸν ἄριστον D.S. 1.75; ἐ. τινὰ ἴσον ἀδελφοῖς distinguish, esteem, Hp. Jusj.

2.. in Egypt, select by ἐπίκρισις 11 (q.v.), PGen. 19 (ii A.D.): Pass., POxy. 39 (i A.D.).

3.. consider, πάντα ταῦτα Phld. Oec. p.63J.

III. Med., choose for oneself, pick out, βοῦν SIG 1025.17 (Cos, iv/iii B.C.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐπι -κρίνω ,

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 4:47, 3 Maccabees 4:2 *;]

to decree, give sentence: c. acc et inf., Luke 23:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This verb, along with the corresponding subst. ἐπίκρισις, is very common of the ";examination"; of persons liable to military service, as e.g. in P Oxy I. 39.11 (A.D. 52) where, with reference to a man who had been released owing to defective eyesight, it is stated—ἐπεκρίθ (η) ἐν Ἀλεξανδ (ρείᾳ); cf. BGU I. 142.1 (A.D. 159) ἐπεκρίθη Ἰσίδωρος. . . ἱππεὺ [ς ] τύρμης Ἀπο [λ ]λιναρίου υ ̣̔[πὸ ] Ἰσιδώρου. Both ἐπικρίνω and ἐπίκρισις are also used in connexion with the ";selection"; of boys aged 11–14 for admission to the list of privileged persons who were exempt from the poll-tax : see P Lond II. p. 42 ff., P Oxy II. p. 217 ff., and Wilcken Papyruskunde I. i. p. 142. For the ἐπικριτής, or magistrate who made the ἐπίκρισις, see P Fay 27.3 (A.D. 151–2), P Tebt II. 320.2 (A.D. 181) al. A wider use of the verb is seen in ib. II. 284.2 (i/B.C.) where, in obedience to an oracular response from the god Soknebtunis, Lysimachus informs his sister—ἐπικέκριταί μοι μὴ καταβῆναι ἕως τῆς κ ̄ε ̄, ";it has been decided for me that I should not go down till the 25th"; (Edd.) : cf. Luke 23:24, and for ἐπίκριμα = ";edict,"; see P Tebt II. 286.4 (A.D. 121–138). In MGr the verb = ";judge,"; ";criticize.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επέκρινε επεκρινεν ἐπέκρινεν επεκρότησαν επεκύλισαν επικροτεί επικροτήσει επικροτούντες επικρούσει epekrinen epékrinen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
Choose a letter to browse: