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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1948 - ἐπικρίνω

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  1. to adjudge, approve by one's decision, decree, give sentence
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Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπι-κρίνω [κρῑ],

fut. -κρῐνῶ (v.infr.):


1. decide, determine, τι Pl. Lg. 768a; τὸ πλεῖον καὶ τοὔλαττον D.H. 3.29; περί τινος Decr. ap. D. 18.38; τοῦ ἐπικρινοῦντος δέοι ἄν Pl. R. 524e: c. inf., ἐπέκρινε γενέσθαι τὸ αἴτημα αὐτῶν Luke 23:24; ἐ. τί διαφέρει what is the difference, Arist. de An. 431a20; τὸ ἐπικρῖνον the deciding power, Id. Insomn. 461b25; also, principle of selection, rule of life, Epicur. Nat. 125G.; adjudge, inflict, θάνατόν τινι LXX 2 Maccabees 4:47 : Pass., μέχρις ἂν ἐπικριθῇ αὐτῷ ὑπὸ τῶν ἱερέων ἢ ἀποδοῦναι αὐτὸν ἢ εἰσέρχεσθαι until the judges determine whether he shall pay up or enter (without payment), SIG 1109.71, cf. PTeb. 284.2 (i B.C.).

2.. c.acc.pers., judge, τινά Ph. 2.380: Pass., ib. 309.


1. select, pick out, ἐξ ἑαυτῶν τὸν ἄριστον D.S. 1.75; ἐ. τινὰ ἴσον ἀδελφοῖς distinguish, esteem, Hp. Jusj.

2.. in Egypt, select by ἐπίκρισις 11 (q.v.), PGen. 19 (ii A.D.): Pass., POxy. 39 (i A.D.).

3.. consider, πάντα ταῦτα Phld. Oec. p.63J.

III. Med., choose for oneself, pick out, βοῦν SIG 1025.17 (Cos, iv/iii B.C.).

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπικρίνω: 1 aorist ἐπεκρινα; to adjudge, approve by one's decision, decree, give sentence: followed by the accusative with an infinitive, Luke 23:24. (Plato, Demosthenes, Plutarch, Herodian, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

** ἐπι -κρίνω ,

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 4:47, 3 Maccabees 4:2 *;]

to decree, give sentence: c. acc et inf., Luke 23:24.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This verb, along with the corresponding subst. ἐπίκρισις, is very common of the ";examination"; of persons liable to military service, as e.g. in P Oxy I. 39.11 (A.D. 52) where, with reference to a man who had been released owing to defective eyesight, it is stated—ἐπεκρίθ (η) ἐν Ἀλεξανδ (ρείᾳ); cf. BGU I. 142.1 (A.D. 159) ἐπεκρίθη Ἰσίδωρος. . . ἱππεὺ [ς ] τύρμης Ἀπο [λ ]λιναρίου υ ̣̔[πὸ ] Ἰσιδώρου. Both ἐπικρίνω and ἐπίκρισις are also used in connexion with the ";selection"; of boys aged 11–14 for admission to the list of privileged persons who were exempt from the poll-tax : see P Lond II. p. 42 ff., P Oxy II. p. 217 ff., and Wilcken Papyruskunde I. i. p. 142. For the ἐπικριτής, or magistrate who made the ἐπίκρισις, see P Fay 27.3 (A.D. 151–2), P Tebt II. 320.2 (A.D. 181) al. A wider use of the verb is seen in ib. II. 284.2 (i/B.C.) where, in obedience to an oracular response from the god Soknebtunis, Lysimachus informs his sister—ἐπικέκριταί μοι μὴ καταβῆναι ἕως τῆς κ ̄ε ̄, ";it has been decided for me that I should not go down till the 25th"; (Edd.) : cf. Luke 23:24, and for ἐπίκριμα = ";edict,"; see P Tebt II. 286.4 (A.D. 121–138). In MGr the verb = ";judge,"; ";criticize.";


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επέκρινε επεκρινεν ἐπέκρινεν επεκρότησαν επεκύλισαν επικροτεί επικροτήσει επικροτούντες επικρούσει epekrinen epékrinen
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