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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1949 - ἐπιλαμβάνομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
middle voice from (G1909) and (G2983)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to take in addition, to lay hold of, take possession of, overtake, attain, attain to
    1. to lay hold of or to seize upon anything with the hands, to take hold of, lay hold of
    2. metaph. to rescue one from peril, to help, succour
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 270 ‑ אָחַז (aw‑khaz');  2388 ‑ חָזַק (khaw‑zak');  5710 ‑ עָדָה (aw‑daw');  7059 ‑ קָמַט (kaw‑mat');  7121 ‑ קָרָא (kaw‑raw');  8264 ‑ שָׁקַק (shaw‑kak');  8610 ‑ תָּפַשׂ (taw‑fas');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (20)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 5
Acts 7
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 4
NAS (29)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 6
Acts 11
1 Timothy 4
Hebrews 5
HCS (19)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 5
Acts 7
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 3
BSB (19)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 5
Acts 7
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 3
ESV (17)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 3
Acts 7
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 3
WEB (20)
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 5
Acts 7
1 Timothy 2
Hebrews 4
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Middle voice from G1909 and G2983

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιλαμβάνω; 2 aorist middle ἐπελαβόμην; to take in addition (cf. ἐπί, D. 4), to take, lay hold of, take possession of, overtake, attain to. In the Bible only in the middle; the Sept. for אָחַז and הֶחֱזִיק;

a. properly, to lay hold of or to seize upon anything with the hands (German sich an etwas anhalten): τῶν ἀφλαστων νηός, Herodotus 6, 114; hence, universally, to take hold of, lag hold of: with the genitive of person, Matthew 14:31; Luke 9:47. (Tr WH accusative); (Luke 23:26 R G); Acts 17:19; Acts 21:30, 33; with the accusative of person, Luke 23:26 L T Tr WH, but in opposition see Meyer; for where the participle ἐπιλαβόμενος is in this sense joined with an accusative, the accusative, by the σχῆμα ἀπό κοίνου, depends also upon the accompanying finite verb (cf. Buttmann, § 132, 9; (so Winer's Grammar, (edited by Lünem.) 202 (190))): Acts 9:27; Acts 16:19; Acts 18:17, cf. Luke 14:4. with the genitive of a thing: τῆς χειρός τίνος, Mark 8:23; Acts 23:19; of a leader, and thus metaphorically, of God, Hebrews 8:9 (cf. Winers Grammar, 571 (531); Buttmann, 316 (271)); with the genitive of a person and of a thing: ἐπιλαμβάνειν τίνος λόγου, ῤήματος, to take anyone in his speech, i. e. to lay hold of something said by him which can be turned against him, Luke 20:20 (Tr λόγον), 26 (WH Tr marginal reading τοῦ for αὐτοῦ); ἐπιλαμβάνειν τῆς αἰωνίου (others, ὄντως) ζωῆς, to seize upon, lay hold of, i. e. to struggle to obtain eternal life, 1 Timothy 6:12, 19 (cf. Winers Grammar, 312 (293)).

b. by a metaphor drawn from laying hold of another to rescue him from peril, to help, to succor (cf. German sich eines annehmen): τίνος, Hebrews 2:16; in this sense used besides only in Sir. 4:11 and Schol. ad Aeschylus Pers. 739. In Appian. bel. civ. 4, 96 the active is thus used with the dative: ἡμῖν τό δαιμόνιον ἐπιλαμβανει.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -λαμβάνω ,

[in LXX for H2388 hi., H270, etc.;]

always mid. in LXX and NT (v. Cremer, 758), to lap hold of: c. gen. pers., Matthew 14:31, Acts 17:19; Acts 21:30; Acts 21:33; c. acc pers. (not cl.), Luke 9:47; Luke 14:4; Luke 23:26 (WH, but v. Bl., 1015), Acts 9:27; Acts 16:9; Acts 18:17; c. gen. rei, Mark 8:23, Acts 23:10, Hebrews 8:9 (LXX); c. gen. pers. et rei, Luke 20:20; Luke 20:26; τ . αἰωνίου (ὄντως ) ζωῆς , 1 Timothy 6:12; 1 Timothy 6:19. Metaph. (as in Sirach 4:11), Hebrews 2:16 (v. Westc., in l).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the active of this verb see P Par 26.48 (B.C. 163–2) (= Selections, p. 17) ἐπιλαβόντα παρ᾽ ἡμῶν τὴν γραφὴν τῶν ὀφειλομένων ἡμῖν δεόντων, ";having received from us the written list of the necessaries due to us,"; BGU IV. 1138.20 (B.C. 19) ̣π ̣ι ̣λ ̣α ̣β ̣όντ (α) παρ᾽ αὐ ̣τ ̣(οῦ) τ ̣ο ̣, ν ̣ κ ̣ε ̣χωρηκ (ότα) : in a Magdola papyrus re-edited by Reinach in Mél. Nicole, p. 451 ff., we have .5 ἐπιλαβ [ὼν ] μάρτυρας. In OGIS 257.9 (B.C. 109) the verb is used without an accus. ";de rebus subito ingruentibus";—ἐν τοῖς ἐπει [ληφόσιν ἀναγκαι ]οτάτοις καιροῖς. The mid., which alone is found in the NT (cf. Proverbs 4:13), may be illustrated from P Hal I. 1 ii. 1 (iii/B.C.) ὁ μαρτυρίας ἐπιλαμβανόμενος, PSI IV. 366.4 (B.C. 250–49) ἐὰν ἐπιλαμβάνηται τῶν ἀνθρώπων καὶ τῆς βοός, and P Tebt II. 417.10 (iii/A.D.) ἐπὶ γὰρ ἐ [ὰν ] φθάσωμεν ἐπιλαβέσθαι τοῦ ἔργου δυνόμεθα αὐτ [ὸ ἀ ]φῖνε (l. ἀφεῖναι), ";for as soon as we make haste to set ourselves to the work we can finish it"; (note the late constr. of φθάνω c. inf.). The subst. occurs in P Tebt II. 335.9 (mid. iii/A.D.) φοβ ̣ου ̣μενος μὴ ἄρα εὑρεθείη ἐν αὐτοῖς ἐπίλημψι [ς, ";from fear that they might disclose a claim by seizure"; (Edd.), and see Preuschen Mönchtum, p. 65 for ἐπίλημπτος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επειλημμένη επελαβετο επελάβετο επελάβετό ἐπελάβετο επελαβόμην επελάβοντο επελάβοντό επελαμβάνετο επιλαβεσθαι επιλαβέσθαι ἐπιλαβέσθαι επιλάβηται επιλαβομένη επιλαβομενοι επιλαβόμενοι επιλαβόμενοί ἐπιλαβόμενοι επιλαβομενος επιλαβόμενος ἐπιλαβόμενος επιλαβομενου επιλαβομένου ἐπιλαβομένου επιλαβου επιλαβού ἐπιλαβοῦ επιλαβωνται επιλάβωνται ἐπιλάβωνται επιλαμβανεται επιλαμβάνεται ἐπιλαμβάνεται επιλαμβανομένοις επιλαμβάνωνται επιλάμψει επιλήψεται επιλήψονται epelabeto epelábeto epilabesthai epilabésthai epilabomenoi epilabómenoi epilabomenos epilabómenos epilabomenou epilaboménou epilabontai epilabōntai epilábontai epilábōntai epilabou epilaboû epilambanetai epilambánetai
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