the Fifth Week of Lent
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #6662 - צַדִּיק
1) just, lawful, righteous
1a) just, righteous (in government)
1b) just, right (in one’s cause)
1c) just, righteous (in conduct and character)
1d) righteous (as justified and vindicated by God)
1e) right, correct, lawful
2658) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) AC: ? CO: Straight AB: Righteous: One who is upright or righteous is one who walks a straight path. [from: dy- The straightness of the side]
V) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) - Straight: To be straight. KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) justify, righteous, just, justice, cleanse, clear, righteousness - Strongs: H6663 (צָדַק)
Nm) qdy (תסדק TsDQ) - Straight: KJV (116): righteousness, just, justice, righteous, right - Strongs: H6664 (צֶדֶק)
Nf1) eqdy (תסדקה TsDQH) - Straightness: KJV (157): righteousness, justice, right, righteous, moderate - Strongs: H6666 (צְדָקָה)
bm) qidy (תסדיק TsDYQ) - Straight: KJV (206): righteous, just, lawful - Strongs: H6662 (צַדִּיק)
ef1) eqdiy (תסידקה TsYDQH) - Straightness: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): righteousness - Strongs: H6665 (צִדְקָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
1 just, righteous, in government:
a. of Davidic king 2 Samuel 23:3; צֶמַהּ Jeremiah 23:5; Zechariah 9:9 ("" victorious).
b. of judges, Ezekiel 23:45; Proverbs 29:2 (see Toy; Kau questions this meaning in all these).
c. of law, ׳מִשְׁמָּטִים צ Deuteronomy 4:8.
d. of God Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalm 119:137; Psalm 129:4; Job 34:17, opposed to Pharaoh Exodus 9:27 (J); in discrimination Jeremiah 12:1; Zephaniah 3:5; Psalm 7:10; Psalm 7:12; Psalm 11:7; condemnation 2 Chronicles 12:6; Daniel 9:14; Lamentations 1:18; Ezra 9:15; Nehemiah 9:33; redemption Isaiah 45:21; Psalm 116:5; keeping promises Nehemiah 9:8; in all his ways Psalm 145:17.
2 just in one's cause, right: Exodus 23:7,8 (E) Deuteronomy 16:19; Deuteronomy 25:1; 1 Kings 8:32 2 Chronicles 6:23; Isaiah 5:23; Isaiah 29:21; Job 32:1; Job 36:7; Proverbs 17:15,26; Proverbs 18:5,17; Proverbs 24:24; Amos 2:6; Amos 5:12; Habakkuk 1:4,13; right in law, not under penalty 2 Samuel 4:11; 1 Kings 2:32; innocent of specific offence 2 Kings 10:9; with מְן compare 1 Samuel 24:18.
3 just, righteous, in conduct and character:
a. towards God Genesis 7:1; Genesis 18:23,24 (twice in verse); Genesis 18:25 (twice in verse); Genesis 18:26,28 (J) Genesis 20:4 (E), Habakkuk 2:4; Malachi 3:18.
b. in General, ethically: Psalm 5:13; Psalm 7:10; Psalm 11:3; Psalm 11:5 21t. Psalm (+below), Proverbs 2:20; Proverbs 3:33; Proverbs 4:18; Proverbs 9:9 56t. Proverbs; Ecclesiastes 3:17 7t. Ecclesiastes; Isaiah 3:10; Isaiah 57:1 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 20:12; Lamentations 4:13; Ezekiel 3:20,21 (twice in verse) + 12t. Ezekiel; Hosea 14:10; "" תמים Genesis 6:9 (P) Job 12:4; "" נָקִי Job 17:9; Job 22:19; Job 27:17; Psalm 94:21; "" יִשְׁרֵי לֵב Psalm 32:11; Psalm 64:11; Psalm 97:11.
4 righteous, as justified and vindicated by׳י, especially servant of ׳י Isaiah 53:11, so his people, usually plural Isaiah 60:21; Psalm 33:1 8t. Psalm (see also above); ׳אָהֳלֵי צ Psalm 118:15 tents of the righteous; ׳גּוֺרַל צ Psalm 125:3; ׳עֲדִת צ Psalm 1:5; ׳דֶּרֶךְ צ Psalm 1:6; singular collective Psalm 34:20,22; Psalm 75:11; Isaiah 24:16; Isaiah 26:7 (twice in verse); גּוֺי צַדִּיק Isaiah 26:2 ("" שֹׁמֵר אֱמֻנִים).
5 right, correct, Isaiah 41:26 (compare אֱמֶת Isaiah 43:9); lawful ׳שְׁבִי צ Isaiah 49:24 EV; but read עָרִיץ.
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(1) just, righteous (gerecht), used of a judge or king, who maintains the right and dispenses justice, 2 Samuel 23:3 hence used very often of God as being a just judge, Deuteronomy 32:4; Job 34:17; Jeremiah 12:1; Psalms 11:7, 119:137 both in punishing, 2 Chronicles 12:6; Ezra 9:15; Lamentations 1:18; Daniel 9:14 and in rewarding, Psalms 112:6, 129:4 145:17 Isaiah 24:16 (where God is called הַצַּדִּיק κατʼ ἐξοχήν); also, as fulfilling his promises, Nehemiah 9:8, וַתָּקֶם אֶת־דְּבָרֶיךָ בִּי צַדִּיק אַתָּה “and thou hast fulfilled thy words, because thou art righteous.” Verse 33 Isaiah 45:21.
(2) one who has a just cause (der Recht hat)
(a) in a forensic cause (opp. to רָשָׁע). Exodus 9:27, יְיָ הַצַּדִּיק וַאֲנִי וְעַמִּי הָֽרְשָׁעִים “Jehovah is just (his cause is just), I and my people (our cause) is unjust.” Exodus 23:8; Proverbs 18:17.
(b) in assertion, one who speaks what is right and true, whence adv. rightly, truly, Isaiah 41:26 (compare 43:9, where in the same context is אֱמֶת). Hence
(3) of a private person, just towards other men (Proverbs 29:7), obedient to the laws of God; hence upright (rechtlich), honest, virtuous, pious (all of which are comprehended by Cicero by the name of justitia, Offic. ii. 10, justitia, ex qua una virtute boni viri appellantur. De Fin. v. 23, justitia … cui adjuncta sunt pietas, bonitas, liberalitas, benignitas, comitas, quœque sunt generis ejusdem. Partit. xxii. extr. justitia erga deos religio, erga parentes pietas, vulgo autem bonitas, creditis in rebus fides, in moderatione animadvertendi lenitas, amicitia in benevolentia nominatur). Genesis 6:9, 7:1 Ps. 5:13 11:3 31:19 34:20 37:25 72:7 Job 12:4, 17:9. It is very often joined with תָּמִים, יָשָׁר, נָקִי, and very often opposed to רָשָׁע Proverbs 10:3, Proverbs 10:6, Proverbs 10:7, 11 Proverbs 10:11, 16 Proverbs 10:16, 30 Proverbs 10:30; Genesis 18:25, etc. Similarly also Cicero, locc. citt. The Hebrews ascribe to a just man, benignity and liberality, Psalms 37:21; Proverbs 12:10, 21:26 temperance and sobriety in eating, Proverbs 13:25, and in speaking, Proverbs 15:28 the love of truth, Proverbs 13:5 wisdom, Proverbs 9:9. Emphat. used of innocence from sin, Ecclesiastes 7:20, “there is not a just man upon earth who doeth good and never sins.” A little before, in verse 16, the words “be not too just … lest thou destroy thyself,” should apparently be understood of the admirer of his own virtue (צַדִּיק בְּעֵינָיו Job 32:1).- Isaiah 49:24, Alb. Schultens renders צַדִּיק the powerful warrior, as if it were the same as עָרִיץ verse 25 Isaiah 49:25 but שְׁבִי צַדִּיק is, prey just taken; see my observations on this in Germ. Trans. ed. ii.
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org.
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