Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2607 - καταγινώσκω
From G2596 and G1097
(see γινώσκω ),
to blame, condemn: c. gen. pers., 1 John 3:20-21; pass., κατεγνωσμένος ἦν (RV, he stood condemned, v. Ellie., in l; but cf. Field, Notes, 188): Galatians 2:11.†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
The RV rendering in Galatians 2:11 ὅτι κατεγνωσμένος ἦν, ";because he (Peter) stood condemned,"; i.e. either by his own contradictory actions, as Paul proceeds to explain, or by his own conscience, gains a certain amount of support from such passages as P Oxy VII. 1062.14 (ii/A.D.) αυ ̣̓[τ ]ὴν δέ σοι τὴν ἐπιστολὴν πέμψω διὰ Σέρου ἵνα αὐτὴν ἀναγνοῖς νήφων καὶ σαυτοῦ καταγνοῖς, ";I will send you the very letter by Syrus in order that you may read it in a sober mood and be self-condemned"; (Ed.), P Flor II. 175.16 (A.D. 255) εἰδὼς ὅτι ἐὰν [ἐν ? τ ]οῦτο καταγνωσθῇς [συ ?] αὐτοῦ αἴτιος γείνῃ, ";knowing that if in this you are condemned, the blame will fall upon yourself"; : cf. also BGU III. 1004i. 5 (iii/B.C.), and OGIS 691.2 ἱστορήσας κατέγνων ἐμαυτοῦ διὰ τὸ μὴ ἐγνωκέναι τὸν λόγον. It should be noted, however, that Field (Notes, p. 188 f.) still prefers the AV rendering ";because he was to be blamed,"; following the Vg quia reprehensibilis erat; so Souter Lex. s.v., and apparently F. W. Mozley (Exp VIII. iv. p. 143 f.) who thinks that the passage runs easier if we get rid of the idea of condemnation, and quotes a paraphrase by Farrar ";manifestly and flagrantly in the wrong."; A weaker sense, as in Polyb. v. 27. 6 παρολιγωρεῖσθαι καὶ καταγινώσκεσθαι, is seen in P Magd 42.4 (B.C. 221) ἐμοῦ δὲ οὐκ ἐκχωρούσης καταγνοῦσά μου ὅτι ξένη εἰμ [ί, πλ ]ηγάς μοι ἐνέβαλεν, ";mais comme je n’en sortais pas, mémprisant parce que je suis étrangère au pays, elle me donna des coups"; (Ed.).
The verbal εὐκατάγνωστος, which LS8 describe as ";Eccl,";, is found = ";evident"; in P Tor I. 1viii. 11 (B.C. 117–6). For the subst. κατάγνωσμα see the citations s.v. ἀγνόημα, and for κατάγνωσις the late P Strass I. 40.29 (A.D. 569) δίχα παντοίας μέμψεως καὶ καταγνώσεως κα ̣ὶ ῥαδιουργίας.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
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