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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3525 - νήφω

of uncertain affinity
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  1. to be sober, to be calm and collected in spirit
  2. to be temperate, dispassionate, circumspect
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
ASV (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
BSB (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
CSB (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
ESV (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
KJV (7)
1 Thessalonians 3
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
LEB (0)
The Lexham English Bible
did not use
this Strong's Number
LSB (7)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 4
N95 (7)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 4
NAS (8)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 4
NLT (5)
1 Thessalonians 5
2 Timothy 3
1 Peter 2
WEB (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
YLT (6)
1 Thessalonians 2
2 Timothy 1
1 Peter 3
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. νάφω (v. infr. II), used by early writers only in pres., mostly in part.: later impf. ἔνηφον Chor. in RPhil. 1877.67: aor. ἔνηψα 1 Peter 4:7, Orac. ap. Ael. Fr. 103, J. AJ 11.3.3, Procl. in Prm. p.741 S., (ἐξ-) Aret. SD 1.5, (ἀν-) Nic.Dam. 4 J.:

I to be sober, drink no wine, οὔτε τι γὰρ ν. οὔτε λίην μεθύω Thgn. 478; νήφειν Archil. 4, Pl. Smp. 213e, al.: part. νήφων as Adj., = νηφάλιος, Hdt. 1.133, Ar. Lys. 1228; ὑμῖν ἀντέκυρσα.. νήφων ἀοίνοις S. OC 100; ὑπ' ἐχθροῦ νήφοντος ὑβριζόμην D. 21.74; τὸ τοὺς μεθύοντας... πλείω ζημίαν ἀποτίνειν τῶν ν. Lex Pittaciap. Arist. Pol. 1274b20; μεθύοντα.. παρὰ νηφόντων λόγους παραβάλλειν Pl. Smp. 214c; ν. θεός, i.e. water, Id. Lg. 773d: prov., τὸ ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ τοῦ νήφοντος ἐπὶ τῆς γλώττης τοῦ μεθύοντος Plu. 2.503f; [Ἀναξαγόρας] οἷον ν. ἑφάνη παρ' εἰκῇ λέγοντας Arist. Metaph. 984b17; νήφων μεθύοντα ὑπὸ τῆς Ἀφροδίτης θεᾶται X. Smp. 8.21; τὸ νῆφον ὑπὸ τοῦ πάθους βυθίζεται Alciphr. 1.13.


1. metaph., to be self-controlled, Pl. Lg. 918d; to be sober and wary, νᾶφε καὶ μέμνασ' ἀπιστεῖν Epich. [250]; γρηγορῶμεν καὶ νήφωμεν 1 Thessalonians 5:6; νήψατε εἰς προσευχάς 1 Pet. l.c.; νήφων καὶ πεφροντικώς Plu. 2.800b; ν. καὶ φροντιστής Gal. 17(1).991; προμηθής τε καὶ ν. Hdn. 2.15.1; καρδίῃ νήφοντος Poet. ap. Longin. 34.4; ν. λογισμός Epicur. Ephesians 3 p.64U.

2. ν. ἐκ κακοῦ recover oneself from.., Ach.Tat. 1.13; ἐγερθέντων καὶ νηψάντων ἀπὸ τῆς πτώσεως Procl.l.c.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

νήφω; 1 aorist imperative 2 person plural νήψατε; from Theognis, Sophocles, Xenophon down; to be sober; in the N. T. everywhere tropically, to be calm and collected in spirit; to be temperate, dispassionate, circumspect: 1 Thessalonians 5:6, 8; 2 Timothy 4:5; 1 Peter 1:13; 1 Peter 5:8; εἰς τάς προσευχάς, unto (the offering of) prayer, 1 Peter 4:7. (Synonym: see ἀγρυπνέω; and on the word see Ellicott on Timothy, the passage cited Compare: ἀνανήφω, ἐκνήφω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* νήφω ,

to be sober, abstain from wine; metaph., of moral alertness, to be sober, calm, circumspect: 1 Thessalonians 5:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:8, 2 Timothy 4:5 (v. Ellic., in l), 1 Peter 1:13; 1 Peter 4:7; 1 Peter 5:8

(cf. ἐκ -, ἐκ -νήφω , and v. MM, xvii).†

SYN.: ἀγρυπνέω G69, γρηγορέω G1127.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Ἡ οἰκουμένη (γῆ), ";the inhabited world,"; is a common designation of the Roman Empire, orbis terrarum : cf. e.g. the notification of the accession of Nero, P Oxy VII. 1021.5 ff. (A.D. 54) ὁ δὲ τῆς οἰκουμένης καὶ προσδοκηθεὶς καὶ ἐλπισθεὶς Αὐτοκράτωρ ἀποδέδεικται, ἀγαθὸς δαίμων δὲ τῆς οἰκου ̣μένης [ἀρ ]χὴ ̣ ὤν [[μ ̣ε ̣γ ̣ι ̣σ ̣]] τ ̣ε πάντων ἀγαθῶν Νέρων Καῖσαρ ἀποδέδεικται, ";and the expectation and hope of the world has been declared Emperor, the good genius of the world and source of all good things, Nero, has been declared Caesar";(Ed.) : cf. OGIS 666.3, 668.5. Similarly Preisigke 176.2 (A.D. 161–180) with reference to Marcus Aurelius—τὸν εὐεργέτην καὶ σωτῆρα τῆς ὅλης οἰκου [μένης. In ib. 1070 (Abydos) a god [Besa ?] is invoked as—ἄψευστον καὶ δι᾽ ὅλης οἰκουμέν (ης) μαρτυρούμενον. See also such magic invocations as P Lond 121.704 (iii/A.D.) (=I. p. 107) σὲ καλῶ τὸν καταλάμποντα τὴν ὅλην οἰκουμένην, P Leid V ii. 9 (iii/iv A.D.) ἥκε μοι ο (l. ) δέσποτα τοῦ οὐρανοῦ, ἐπιλάμπων τῇ οἰκουμένῃ. A very early instance of the phrase occurs in PSI V. 541.7 where a certain Aigyptos supplicates Ptolemy II. or III.—σοῦ τῆς οἰκουμένης πάσης βασιλεύοντος : cf. 1 Esdras 2:3. We may add a new ex. from the New Comedy in P Hib I. 5 Fr. (a).16 τῆς οἰκουμένης | ἱερὰ σαφῶς αὕτη ᾽στὶν ἡ χώρα μόνη. It is hardly necessary to point out that the pleasant hyperbole of Luke 2:1, Acts 11:28 (cf. Ramsay Paul p. 48 f.) al. must not be pressed too far.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
νηφε νήφε νῆφε νηφοντες νήφοντες νηφωμεν νήφωμεν νηψατε νήψατε nephe nêphe nēphe nē̂phe nephomen nēphōmen nḗphomen nḗphōmen nephontes nēphontes nḗphontes nepsate nēpsate nḗpsate
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