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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #3627 - οἰκτείρω

from oiktos (pity)
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  1. to pity, have compassion on
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2603 ‑ חָנַן (khaw‑nan');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  7355 ‑ רָחַם (raw‑kham');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  
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Romans 2
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Romans 2
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Romans 2
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Romans 4
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Romans 2
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Also in certain tenses οἰκτερεìω oiktereō oyk-ter-eh'-o; from οἰκτος oiktos (pity); to exercise pity

οἶκτος, ὁ, (οἴζω)

1. pity, compassion, οἶ. δ' ἕλε λαὸν ἅπαντα Od. 2.81, cf. 24.438; οἶ. τις ἴσχει ἀποκτεῖναι a feeling of pity prevents him from.., Hdt. 5.92. γ, cf. Th. 3.40; οἴκτου πλέως S. Ph. 1074; ἔχειν οἶκτον φρενί Id. Aj. 525; ἐμοὶ γὰρ οἶ. δεινὸς εἰσέβη Id. Tr. 298; ἐμοὶ μὲν οἶ. δεινὸς ἐμπέπτωκέ τις Id. Ph. 965; θνητοὺς.. ἐν οἴκτῳ προθέμενος A. Pr. 241; δι' οἴκτου ἔχειν τινά E. Hec. 851; εἰσῆλθέ μ' οἶ. εἰ.. Id. Med. 931: c. gen. objecti, compassion for.., πόθος καὶ οἶ. τῆς πόλιος Hdt. 1.165, cf. E. Hec. 519: in A. Supp. 486, οἰκτίσας ἰδών (Herm.) shd. be read for οἶκτος εἰσιδών.

2. lamentation, piteous wailing, Simon. 4.3; οἶ. οὔτις ἦν διὰ στόμα A. Th. 51; τόνδε κλύουσαν οἶ. Id. Ch. 411 (lyr.); οἶκτον [οἰκτρὸν] ἀΐων Id. Supp. 59 (lyr.); κλύω τινὸς οἴκτου S. Tr. 864; οὐκ οἴκτου μέτα Id. OC 1636: pl., παθόντος οἴκτοις by the wailings of the sufferer, A. Supp. 386 (lyr.); ἄϊον οἴκτους οὓς οἰκτίζῃ E. Tr. 155 (anap.); τοὺς ὀδυρμοὺς ἐξαιρήσομεν καὶ τοὺς οἴ. Pl. R. 387d; οἴκτων λήγετε E. Ph. 1584, cf. And. 1.48, Pl. Ap. 37a, Lg. 949b.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οἰκτείρω; future (as if from οἰκτειρέω, a form which does not exist) as in the Sept. οἰκτειρήσω, for the earlier οἰκτείρω, see Lob. ad Phryn., p. 741; (Veitch, under the word; Winers Grammar, 88 (84); Buttmann, 64 (56)); (from οἶκτος pity, and this from the interjection οἱ, "Oh!); to pity, have compassion on": τινα, Romans 9:15 (from Exodus 33:19. Homer, Tragg., Aristophanes, Xenophon, Plato, Demosthenes, Lucian, Plutarch, Aelian; the Sept. for חָנַן and רָחַם). (Synonym: see ἐληω, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< οἶκτος , pity),

[in LXX for H7355 pi., H2603, etc.;]

to pity, have compassion on. c. acc pers., Romans 9:15 (LXX).†

SYN.: ἐλεέω G1653, q.v.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Petr III. 56 (d).12 (iii/B.C.) ὤμοσά σοι τὸν πάτριον ὅρκον ἐπὶ τοῦ ποταμο ̣υ ̣̑, ib. 104.10 (B.C. 244–3) κε [χει ]ρογραφήκασι τὸν εἰθισμένον ὅρκον τοσούτου μεμισθῶσθαι ";they have written under their hands the usual oath that it was let for this amount"; (Edd.)—with reference to a farm holding, BGU III. 1002.15 (B.C. 55) ἐὰν δέ τίς σοι ὅρκος ἢ ἐπίδειξις ἐπιβληθῆι περὶ αὐτῶν, ἐγὼ αὐτὸς ἐπιτελέσωι κτλ.—a deed of sale, and P Ryl II. 88.26 (A.D. 156) ἢ ἔνοχος εἴην τῷ ὅρκ [, ";otherwise may I be liable to the consequences of the oath";—a common formula. Cf. also the unusual formula P Eleph 23.20 (B.C. 223–2) ε [ ]ορκοῦ [ντι ] μέμ μ [ο ]ι [ε ]ὖ εἴη, ἐφιορκοῦντι δὲ ἔνοχον ̣ εἶναι τῆι ἀσεβείαι τοῦ ὅρκου. With Luke 1:73 cf. Pelagia-Legenden p. 13.9 ἐν ὅρκῳ ὅρκῳ εἶχεν τοῦ μὴ γεύσασθαί τι.

For an oath sworn on the Gospels see P Lond V. 1708.228 (A.D. 567?) ἑκάστου τούτων ἐνωμότως θεμένου ὅρκον ἐπάνω τῶν σεπτῶν μεγαλί (= εί)ων, and cf. P Mon I. 1.26 (A.D. 574) τὸν ἐνώμοτον καὶ φρικτὸν ὅρκον ἐπὶ τῶν θείων καὶ ἀχράντων καὶ σεπτῶν κειμηλίων ( ";relics"; ). On various forms of oaths from the inscrr. see Herwerden Lex, s.v. ὅρκος, and for the idea of ";fence,"; ";something that shuts you in"; (cf. the cognate ἕρκος), underlying the word cf. Murray Rise of the Greek Epic, p. 265 f. The dim. ὅρκιον is found in OGIS 453.25 (B.C. 39–35).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οικτείρει οικτειρήσαι οικτειρήσει οικτειρήσεις οικτειρήση οικτειρήσης οικτείρησόν οικτειρήσουσι οικτειρήσουσιν οικτειρησω οικτειρήσω οἰκτειρήσω οικτειρω οικτειρώ οικτείρω οἰκτείρω οικτείρων οἰκτιρήσω οἰκτίρω ωκτείρησας ωκτείρησε ωκτείρησεν oiktireso oiktirēsō oiktirḗso oiktirḗsō oiktiro oiktirō oiktíro oiktírō
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