Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #3936 - παρίστημι

Transliteration
parístēmi
Phonetics
par-is'-tay-mee, par-is-tan'-o
Origin
from (G3844) and (G2476)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
5:837,788
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to place beside or near
    1. to set at hand
      1. to present
      2. to proffer
      3. to provide
      4. to place a person or thing at one's disposal
      5. to present a person for another to see and question
      6. to present or show
      7. to bring to, bring near
      8. metaph. i.e to bring into one's fellowship or intimacy
    2. to present (show) by argument, to prove
  2. to stand beside, stand by or near, to be at hand, be present
    1. to stand by
      1. to stand beside one, a bystander
    2. to appear
    3. to be at hand, stand ready
    4. to stand by to help, to succour
    5. to be present
      1. to have come
      2. of time
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 24 ‑ אָבִיב (aw‑beeb');  1310 ‑ בָּשַׁל (baw‑shal');  3320 ‑ יָצַב (yaw‑tsab');  3322 ‑ יָצַג (yaw‑tsag');  5324 ‑ נָצַב (naw‑tsab');  5975 ‑ עָמַד (aw‑mad');  6186 ‑ עָרַךְ (aw‑rak');  6633 ‑ צָבָא (tsaw‑baw');  6925 ‑ קְדָם (kod‑awm', ked‑awm');  7284 ‑ רְגַשׁ (reg‑ash');  8254 ‑ שָׁקַל (shaw‑kal');  8334 ‑ שָׁרַת (shaw‑rath');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (44)
Matthew
1
Mark
6
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
14
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
3
NAS (52)
Matthew
2
Mark
6
Luke
3
John
4
Acts
20
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
2
HCS (41)
Matthew
1
Mark
6
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
13
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
2
BSB (41)
Matthew
1
Mark
6
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
13
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
2
ESV (39)
Matthew
1
Mark
5
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
12
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
2
WEB (42)
Matthew
1
Mark
5
Luke
3
John
2
Acts
14
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
1
2 Corinthians
2
Ephesians
1
Colossians
2
2 Timothy
2
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

παρίστημι,

causal in pres., impf., fut., and aor.1; later pf. παρέστᾰκα in same sense, PTeb. 5.196 (ii B.C.), Plb. 3.94.7, S.E. M. 7.273, etc.

I cause to stand, place beside, π. τοὺς ἱππεῖς ἐφ' ἑκάτερον τὸ κέρας Plb. 3.72.9, cf. 3.113.8; παραστήσας τὰ ὅπλα having brought his arms into view, D. 18.175; π. τινὰ φυλάττειν set one near a thing to guard it, v.l. in Id. 49.35; π. σορὸν σορῷ Anatolian Studies p.204 (Termessus).

II set before the mind, present, ὑπόθεσιν.. οὐ χὶ τὴν οὖσαν παριστάντες ὑμῖν D. 3.1; τοῦτο π. τοὺς θεοὺς ὑμῖν that they may put this into your minds, Id. 18.1; τὸ δεινὸν π. τοῖς ἀκούουσιν Id. 21.72; π. ἐλπίδας, ὁτιοῦν τῶν δεινοτάτων, Id. 19.333, 21.15; arouse, inspire, οὐ γὰρ ἡ πληγὴ παρέστησε τὴν ὀργὴν ἀλλ' ἡ ἀτιμία ib.72; π. φόβον καὶ ἀπορίαν ταῖς πόλεσι Plb. 3.94.7; π. ὁ κίνδυνος διαλογισμόν, μὴ.. Aeschin. 2.159: so τοῦτο π. ὑμῖν γνῶναι prompt you to that decision, D. 18.8; π. τινὶ θαρρεῖν give one confidence, v.l. in Aeschin. 1.174; π. τινί c. inf., put it into his head to.., Paus. 9.14.6; also π. τινὶ ὅτι or ὡς.., X. Oec. 13.1, Pl. R. 600c.

2. dispose a person, πρὸς μελαγχολίας Phld. Ir. p.28 W., cf. Mus. p.73 K.; also Ἀθηναίους ἄλλα παρέστησεν ὡς ἥρωα τιμᾶν Θησέα Plu. Thes. 35: also in Pass., V. B. V. 1.

3. of a Poet, represent, describe, τὸν Νέστορα παρέστησε [ὁ ποιητὴς] πείθοντα Phld. Hom. p.65 O., cf. Ath. 3.110f, 4.133b; δι' ἐτυμολογίας Corn. ND 1: Pass., παριστάσθω ὅτι.. let it be stated that.., S.E. M. 7.310.

4. furnish, supply, deliver, PCair.Zen. 790.10 (iii B.C.), PTeb. 5.196 (ii B.C.), Abh. Berl.Akad. 1925(5).31 (Cyrene).

5. make good, prove, show, τι πολλοῖς τεκμηρίοις Lys. 12.51, cf. Acts 24:13; καθάπερ προϊόντες -στήσομεν Phld. Ir. p.85 W., cf. Mus. p.37 K.

6. c. acc. pers., present, offer, ἑαυτοὺς τῷ θεῷ, ἑαυτοὺς δούλους εἰς ὑπακοήν, Romans 6:13; Romans 6:16. commend, βρῶμα ἡμᾶς οὐ παραστήσει τῷ θεῷ 1 Corinthians 8:8.

7. render, [ ἡ πίσσα] τὸν οἶνον ἔὔποτον παρίστησι ταχέως Plu. 2.676c.

8. in later Greek, as in Med. (V. C. 1), produce in court, etc., BGU 759.22 (ii A.D.), etc.: Pass., Sammelb. 4512.82 (ii B.C.), etc.

III set side by side, compare, [πόλεις] μικρὰς μεγάλαις Isoc. 12.40. The use of these act. tenses occurs in Pl.l.c., but first becomes common in Oratt. Pass., with aor. 2, pf. and plpf. Act., intr.:

I stand by, beside, or near, θέων δέ οἱ ἄγχι παρέστη Il. 15.442, cf. 483; ἀμφίπολος δ' ἄρα οἱ κεδνὴ ἑκάτερθε παρέστη Od. 1.335, cf. 8.218, 18.183; ἑξείης πάντεσσι παρίστασαι, of a beggar, 17.450; οὐδ' ἄρα οἵ τις ἀνουτητί γε παρέστη Il. 22.371; ζωγράφῳ παρεστηκυῖα, of a painter's model, X. Mem. 3.11.2: freq. in part. παραστάς with a Verb, εἶπε παραστάς Il. 12.60; οὖτα π. 20.472; παρασταθείς, v.l. for κατασταθείς, E. Or. 365.

2. stand by, i.e. help, defend, τινι Il. 10.279, etc.; Τρωσὶ παρεστάμεναι καὶ ἀμύνειν 21.231, cf. 15.255; Ὀδυσῆϊ π. ἠδ' ἐπαρήγει 23.783, cf. Hes. Th. 439, Hdt. 1.87, etc.; π. τινὶ χερσί S. Aj. 1384; βοηθοὶ π. X. Cyr. 5.3.19; οὐ παρέστη οὐδ' ἐβοήθησεν D. 45.64.

II more freq. in past tenses, to have come, δεῦρο παρέστης Il. 3.405; to be at hand, νῆες δ' ἐκ Λήμνοιο παρέστασαν 7.467, etc.

2. of events, to be near, be at hand, ἀλλά τοι ἤδη ἄγχι παρέστηκεν θάνατος 16.853; κακὴ Διὸς αἶσα παρέστη ἡμῖν Od. 9.52, cf. 16.280: in fut. Med., σοὶ..παραστήσεσθαι ἔμελλεν μοῖρ' ὀλοή 24.28; ἐάν του καιρὸς ἢ χρεία παραστῇ D. 21.101, cf. 73: freq. in pf., παρέστηχ' ὡς ἔοικ' ἀγὼν μέγας E. Hec. 229, cf. Med. 331; in part., τὸ χρῶμα τὸ παρεστηκός Ar. Eq. 399; ὁ νῦν παρεστηκὼς ἡμῖν λόγος Pl. Lg. 962d: in Att. form παρεστώς, ῶσα, ός, th=s parestw/shs no/sou S. Ph. 734; τοῦ π. θέρους ib. 1340; τὰς παρεστώσας τύχας E. Or. [1024]; τὰ παρεστῶτα present circumstances, τὰ λῷστα, κράτιστα τῶν π., A. Ag. 1053, Pr. 218; πρὸς τὸ παρεστός Ar. Eq. 564; πρὸς τὸ παριστάμενον X. Eq.Mag. 9.1.

III come to the side of another, come over to his opinion, παραστῆναι ἐς τῶν Περσέων τὴν γνώμην Hdt. 6.99: abs., come to terms, surrender, submit, Id. 3.13, 5.65, 6.140; οἱ πολέμιοι παραστήσονται Id. 3.155; τῷ πολέμῳ παραστῆναι D. 22.15, cf. EM 653.2. happen to one, τῷ δὴ λέγουσι.. θῶμα μέγιστον παραστῆναι Hdt. 1.23; τὸ φρονεῖν ἀλλοῖα παρίσταται Emp. 108; esp. come into one's head, occur to one, τὼς νόος ἀνθρώποισι παριστᾶται Parm. 16.2; δόξα μοι παρεστάθη ναοὺς ἱκέσθαι S. OT 911; δόξα π. τινὶ ὥστε.. Pl. Phd. 66b; σοὶ τοῦτο παρέστηκεν, ὡς.. Id. Phdr. 233c; π. θαῦμα, γνώμη, And. 2.2, 24 (s.v.l.); ἔκπληξις παρέστη Th. 8.96: impers., παρίσταταί μοι it occurs to me; τῷ οὐ παραστήσεται.. τεθνάναι βούλεσθαι to whom it will not occur to wish for death, Hdt. 7.46: folld. by ὡς, Th. 4.61, 95, Lys. 12.62, etc.: c. inf., Id. 7.17; οὐχὶ παρίσταταί μοι ταὐτὰ γιγνώσκειν D. 3.1: c. acc. et inf., Lys. 21.12, Pl. Phd. 58e; part., τὸ παριστάμενον that which comes into one's head, a thought, Luc. Cont. 13; ἐκ τοῦ π. λέγειν speak offhand, Plu. Dem. 9, cf. Gal. 14.295. to be disposed, πρὸς τὰς πράξεις Phld. Mus. p.71 K.; εἰρηνικῶς παρεστ ώτων Id. Hom. p.45 O.

2. collect oneself, παραστῆναι πρὸς τὸν κίνδυνον D.S. 17.43; τῷ θυμῷ παραστάς ib. 99; π. πρὸς τὴν ἀπολογίαν Plu. Alc. 19; παρεστηκότες ταῖς γνώμαις Arr. Fr. 161 J.

3. metaph., οἶνος παρίσταται the wine improves, becomes fit for drinking, opp. ἐξίσταται, Thphr. CP 6.14.10, cf. Dsc. 5.8. of a crop, to be ripe, ὅταν ὁ πρώϊμος σπόρος παραστῇ OGI 56.68 (Egypt, iii B. C.); so prob. ἡ γῆ παρέστηκεν PLille 8.5 (iii B. C.).

παρεστηκέναι φρενῶν to be beside oneself, lose one's wits, Plb. 18.53.6; π. ταῖς διανοίαις Id. 14.5.7, etc.; ἐπὶ τοσοῦτον π. Id. 22.8.13; cf. παρεξίστημι 11.

2. to be passionately devoted to, ἵπποισι παρεστεῶτες Hp. 17. abs., παρεστηκός, = παρόν, since it was in their power, since the opportunity offered, Th. 4.133. Some tenses of Med., pres. and impf. sts., fut. and aor. I almost always (for exceptions, v. supr. B. 11.2, III, iv), are used in causal sense:

I set by one's side, bring forward, produce, π. ἱερεῖα X. An. 6.1.22; esp. in a court of justice, τοὺς παῖδας παραστησάμενοι Lys. 20.35; παιδία παραστήσεται (of a culprit) D. 21.99; ταῦτα παραστησάμενος ib.187; μάρτυρας παρίστανται Isa 4.13, etc.; παραστήσασθαί τινα produce him as witness, Id. 9.9, D. 34.28, etc.; π. τινὰ εἰς κρίσιν Pl. R. 555b.

2. commend, τινί τινα J. AJ 15.7.3.

II bring to one's side, bring over by force, bring to terms, ἀέκοντας παραστήσασθαι Hdt. 8.80; π. βία S. OC 916; π. πολιορκίᾳ Th. 1.98; πολιορκοῦντας π. ὁμολογίᾳ ib. 29: abs., π. τινά, π. πόλιν, Hdt. 3.45, Th. 1.124, etc.; τοὺς οἰκοῦντας τὴν Ἀττικὴν π. εἰς φορὰν δασμοῦ Pl. Lg. 706b.

2. generally, dispose for one's own views or purposes, τινὰ παραστήσασθαι οὕτως ὥστε.. so to dispose a person that.., Hdt. 4.136; ἑαυτοὺς πρὸς τὴν μάχην Plb. 3.109.9; dispose, induce a person, πρὸς τὸ κοινωνεῖν Id. 29.3.5: c. acc. et inf., Chio Ephesians 3:1-21.

παριστάνω,

= sq. (q.v.), Plb. 3.96.3, 3.113.8, Phld. Sign. 29, Romans 6:13, etc.: also παριστάω, A.D. Synt. 272.13 (v.l.), S.E. P. 2.42, 108, etc.: Pass., παριστᾶται Parm. 16.2; cf. παραστάνω.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

παρ -ίστημι ,

[in LXX for H5975, etc.;]

I. Transitive verb. in present tense., imperfect., future tense., 1 aorist.;

1. to place beside, present, provide: c. acc, Acts 9:41; Acts 23:24, 2 Corinthians 4:14, Colossians 1:28; c. acc et dat., Matthew 26:53, Luke 2:22, Acts 1:3; Acts 23:33, 1 Corinthians 8:8; seq. acc pred., Romans 6:13; Romans 6:16 (late pres., παριστάνετε ), Romans 6:19; Romans 12:1, 2 Corinthians 11:2, Ephesians 5:27, Colossians 1:22, 2 Timothy 2:15.

2. to present to the mind (cl.) : by argument, to prove (Xen., FlJ, al.), c. acc, Acts 24:13.

II. Intransitive. in perfect., pluperfect., 2 aorist.;

1. to stand by or beside one : c. dat. pers., Acts 1:10; Acts 9:39; Acts 23:2; Acts 27:23; ptcp., Mark 14:47; Mark 14:69-70; Mark 15:35; Mark 15:39 John 18:22; John 19:26.

2. to appear: c. nom. pred., seq. ἐνώπιον , Acts 4:10; c. dat. pers., Acts 27:24; so fut. mid. (of. LS, s.v., B , ii, 2), Romans 14:10.

3. to be at hand, be present, have come: Acts 4:26 (LXX); of servants in attendance, ἐνώπιον τ . θεοῦ , Luke 1:19; absol., οἱ παρεστῶτες , Luke 19:24; seq. αὐτῷ , Acts 23:2; Acts 23:4; of time, Mark 4:29.

4. to stand by for help or defence (Hom., Dem., Xen., al.): c. dat. pers., Romans 16:2, 2 Timothy 4:17.†

παρ -ιστάνω , see παρίστημι .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
List of Word Forms
παράστηθι παραστηναι παραστήναι παραστῆναι παραστησαι παραστήσαι παραστῆσαι παραστησατε παραστήσατε παραστησει παραστήσει παραστήσεται παραστηση παραστήση παραστήσῃ παραστήσομαί παραστησομεθα παραστησόμεθα παραστήσονται παραστήσονταί παραστήσω παραστησωμεν παραστήσωμεν παραστητε παραστήτε παραστῆτε παρειστήκει παρειστήκεισαν παρεστάναι παρεστη παρέστη παρεστήκασιν παρέστηκέ παρεστηκεν παρέστηκεν παρεστηκέναι παρεστηκόσι παρεστηκόσιν παρεστηκότας παρεστηκότες παρεστηκότος παρεστηκοτων παρεστηκότων παρεστηκύια παρεστηκυίαι παρεστηκυιών παρεστηκως παρεστηκώς παρεστηκὼς παρέστην παρεστησαν παρέστησαν παρεστησατε παρεστήσατε παρεστησεν παρέστησεν παρεστωσιν παρεστώσιν παρεστῶσιν παρεστωτα παρεστώτα παρεστῶτα παρεστωτες παρεστώτες παρεστῶτες παρήστηκει παριστανετε παριστάνετε παριστάς παρίστασθαι παριστάσθω παριστηκεισαν παριστήκεισαν παρίστησι duo parastenai parastênai parastēnai parastē̂nai parastesai parastêsai parastēsai parastē̂sai parastesate parastēsate parastḗsate parastese parastēsē parastesei parastēsei parastḗsei parastḗsēi parastesomen parastēsōmen parastḗsomen parastḗsōmen parastesometha parastesómetha parastēsometha parastēsómetha parastete parastête parastēte parastē̂te pareistekeisan pareistēkeisan pareistḗkeisan pareste parestē paréste paréstē paresteken parestēken parésteken paréstēken parestekos parestekṑs parestēkōs parestēkṑs parestekoton parestekóton parestēkotōn parestēkótōn parestesan parestēsan paréstesan paréstēsan parestesate parestēsate parestḗsate parestesen parestēsen paréstesen paréstēsen parestosin parestôsin parestōsin parestō̂sin parestota parestôta parestōta parestō̂ta parestotes parestôtes parestōtes parestō̂tes paristanete paristánete
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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