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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #8254 - שָׁקַל
1) to weigh, weigh out, pay out
1a1) to weigh
1a2) to weigh out (a price)
1a3) of grief (figuratively)
1b1) to be weighed
1b2) to be weighed out
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁקַל fut. יִשְׁקֹל, once אֶשְׁקֲלָה (as if from יִשְׁקַל) Jeremiah 32:9 to poise, to weigh (Arab. شقل, more often ثقل, Syr. ܫܘܰܠ and ܬܩܠ id. The primary idea is that of suspending a balance, compare Ethiopic ሰቀለ፡ to suspend, as on a cross. Compare סָלָא, סָלָה, and Lat. pendo, pendeo), Exodus 22:16; 2 Samuel 14:26; Isaiah 40:12. Followed by לְ to weigh out to any one (metals, money), Genesis 23:16; Jeremiah 32:9; Ezra 8:25 followed by עַל יְדֵי Ezra 8:26; Esther 3:9 followed by עַל (to weigh over or into the royal treasuries) Esther 4:7; 2 Samuel 18:12, “although I might weigh a thousand shekels in my hands,” i.e. if they were weighed, counted to me. Figuratively, to weigh, to examine any person, Job 31:6 any thing, Job 6:2.
Niphal, to be weighed, Job 6:2 to be weighed out, Job 28:15; Ezra 8:33.
Derivatives, מִשְׁקָל, מִשְׁקוֹל, מִשְׁקֶלֶת, pr.n. אַשְׁקְלוֹן, and
the Third Week after Epiphany