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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #4059 - περιτέμνω
- to cut around
- to circumcise
- cut off one's prepuce (used of that well known rite by which not only the male children of the Israelites, on the eighth day after birth, but subsequently also "proselytes of righteousness" were consecrated to Jehovah and introduced into the number of his people)
- to get one's self circumcised, present one's self to be circumcised, receive circumcision
- since by the rite of circumcision a man was separated from the unclean world and dedicated to God, the word is transferred to denote the extinguishing of lusts and the removal of sins
Ep. and Ion. περιτειχ-τάμνω,
cut or clip round about, οἴνας περιταμνέμεν prune them, Hes. Op. 570; [ τὴν κεφαλὴν] π. κύκλῳ περὶ τὰ ὦτα Hdt. 4.64; of a goldsmith, CPR 22.6 (ii A. D.): — Med., βραχίονας περιτάμνονται make incisions all over their arms, Hdt. 4.71: — Pass., to be cut up, of fish, Arist. Mir. 835a19 .
2. of circumcision, τῶν ἐπιγινομένων οὐ περιτάμνουσι τὰ αἰδοῖα Hdt. 2.104, cf. D.C. 79.11; π. τοὺς παῖδας D.S. 1.28, cf. LXX John 5:2, al., PCair.Zen. 76.13 (iii B. C.), etc.: — Med., περιτάμνονται τὰ αἰδοῖα Hdt. 2.36, 104, cf. D.S. 3.32; περιετέμοντο τὴν σάρκα LXX Genesis 34:24 : abs., practise circumcision, Hdt. 2.104: — Pass., LXX Genesis 17:10,al.
3. cut off the extremities, τὰ ὦτα καὶ τὴν ῥῖνα Hdt. 2.162; τοὺς μαστούς D.C. 62.7; τὰ περιττά Luc. Anach. 20: — Pass., περιτάμνεσθαι γῆν to be curtailed of certain land, Hdt. 4.159; πᾶσαν . . περιτεμνόμενον σοφίαν E. Fr. 473 (anap.).
II cut off and hem in all round: — Med., βοῦς περιταμνόμενον cutting off cattle for oneself, 'lifling' cattle, Od. 11.402, 24.112: — Pass., to be cut off, ἅρματα π. ὑπὸ τῶν ἱππέων X. Cyr. 5.4.8 .
περι -τέμνω ,
[in LXX chiefly for H4135;]
(Ion., Epic. and late writers),
to cut around (Hdt.), hence, to circumcise (Papyri τὰ αἰδοῖα , Hdt.) : Luke 1:59; Luke 2:21, John 7:22, Acts 7:8; Acts 15:5; Acts 16:3; Acts 21:21. Pass. and mid., to be circumcised, receive circumcision: Acts 15:1, 1 Corinthians 7:18, Galatians 2:3; Galatians 5:2-3; Galatians 6:12-13 Metaph. (cf. Deuteronomy 10:16, Jeremiah 4:4, al.), Colossians 2:11 (v. Deiss., BS, 151 f.; MM, xix).†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
";whence"; : P Oxy II. 237viii. 33 (A.D. 186) δηλοῦντες πόθεν ἕκαστος τῶν ὑπαρχόντων καταβ ̣ε ̣βηκεν εἰς αὑτοὺς ἡ κτῆσ íε ýις, ";severally declaring the sources from which the property acquired has come into their possession"; (Edd.). For the enclitic ποθέν, cf. P Tebt II. 423.23 (early iii/A.D.) δή [λω ]σόν μοι ταχ ̣[έως ] ἵνα π ̣[έμ ]ψω π ̣ο ̣θ ̣ὲν αὐτοῖς μέτρ [α τιν ]̣α, ";tell me at once in order that I may send a few measures to them from somewhere"; (Edd.), and for πόθεν = ";how,"; see Mark 12:37, John 1:48; John 6:5 (Field Notes, p. 91).
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Third Week after Epiphany