Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4128 - πλῆθος

Transliteration
plēthos
Phonetics
play'-thos
Origin
from (G4130)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
6:274,866
Definition
Thayer's
  1. a multitude
    1. a great number, of men or things
    2. the whole number, the whole multitude, the assemblage
      1. the multitude of the people
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1215 ‑ בֶּצַע (beh'‑tsah);  1363 ‑ גֹּבַהּ (go'‑bah);  1995 ‑ הָמֹן (haw‑mone', haw‑mone');  3515 ‑ כָּבֵד (kaw‑bade');  3524 ‑ כַּבִּיר (kab‑beer');  4393 ‑ מְלוֹ (mel‑o', mel‑o', mel‑o');  4557 ‑ מִסְפָּר (mis‑pawr');  5971 ‑ עַם (am);  6099 ‑ עָצֻם (aw‑tsoom', aw‑tsoom');  6635 ‑ צְבָאָה (tsaw‑baw', tseb‑aw‑aw');  6951 ‑ קָהָל (kaw‑hawl);  7230 ‑ רֹב (robe);  7285 ‑ רִגְשָׁה (reh'‑ghesh, rig‑shaw');  8229 ‑ שִׁפְעָה (shif‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (32)
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
2
Acts
17
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
NAS (33)
Mark
3
Luke
8
John
3
Acts
16
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
HCS (30)
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
2
Acts
15
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
BSB (31)
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
2
Acts
16
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
ESV (28)
Mark
2
Luke
7
John
2
Acts
14
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
WEB (33)
Mark
2
Luke
8
John
3
Acts
17
Hebrews
1
James
1
1 Peter
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

πλῆθος, εος, τό,

Dor. and Arc. πλῆθος Schwyzer 84.8, al. (Argive, found in Crete, v B.C. ), IG 5(2).6.20 (Tegea, iv B.C. ), etc.; Boeot. πλεῖθος ib.7.3171.46 (Orchom. Boeot. ); pseudo- Dor. and pseudo- Aeol. πλᾶθος GDI 5176.21 ( Crete ), IGRom. 4.1302.18 (Cyme, i B.C. / i A.D. ), Hippod. ap. Stob. 4.1.93: ( πλήθω, v. cross πίμπλημι ): great number, multitude, esp. of people, Il. 17.330, Hdt. 7.49, etc.; στρατοῦ π., periphr. for στρατὸς πολύς, Id. 9.73; ὡς πλήθει for the mass of men, Pl. R. 389d .

2. τὸ π. the greater number, the mass, main body, τὸ π. τοῦ στρατοῦ Hdt. 1.82, cf. 5.92; τὸ π. τῆς ψυχῆς the largest part of . ., Pl. Lg. 689a: as Noun of Multitude with pl. Verb, Ἀθηναίων τὸ π. οἴονται Th. 1.20; τὸ π. ἐψηφίσαντο πολεμεῖν the majority, ib. 125, cf. X. Cyr. 2.4.20; τῷ π. by a majority, Berl.Sitzb. 1927.8 ( Locr., v B.C. ): hence, people, population, σμικρὸν τὸ π. τῆσδε γῆς E. Ph. 715 . the commons, Th. 1.9, etc.; ἡ τοῦ π. ἀρχή, δημοκρατία τοὔνομα κληθεῖσα Pl. Plt. 291d; ἐς τὸ π. φέρειν τὸ κράτος Hdt. 3.81: freq. of the popular assembly, τὸ ὑμέτερον π., τὸ π. τὸ ὑμέτερον, Lys. 12.42, Pl. Ap. 31c; Ἐρυθραίων τῷ π., Ἀθηναίων τοῦ π., IG 12.10.21, 22; = Lat. plebs, Plb. 6.15.11, D.S. 12.25, D.H. 4.71; also, association, corporation, or guild, τὸ π. τὸ Ἁλιαδᾶν IG 12(1).155.6, 156.5 ( Rhodes ); τὸ τῶν Πανιαστῶν π. IGRom. 4.1680 (Pergam.); τὸ π. τῶν ἱερέων OGI 56.24 (Canopus, iii B.C. ); π. τῶν ἁλιέων PSI 5.498.2 (iii B.C.); τὸ π. τῶν μαχαιροφόρων OGI 737 (Memphis, ii B.C. ); opp. αἱ ἀρχαί, οἱ ὀλίγοι, Th. 5.84; but also, populace, mob, opp. δῆμος (commons), X. Ath. 2.18, App. BC 1.10: also in pl., πείθειν τὰ π. the masses, Pl. Grg. 452e, cf. Sph. 268b; ὃ πᾶσι . . σωτήριον, μάλιστα δὲ τοῖς π. πρὸς τοὺς τυράννους D. 6.24; φιλόσοφον . . π. ἀδύνατον εἶναι Pl. R. 494a .

II quantity or number, πόσον π. ἦν νεῶν Ἑλληνίδων; A. Pers. 334; τῆς σῆς δυνάμεως τί φῂς π. εἶναι; X. Cyr. 2.1.6; ὅμιλος πλήθει φοβερώτατος Th. 2.98; ἰσχύϊ καὶ πλήθει προέχων Id. 3.74; τῷ π. αὐτῶν καταπλαγέντες Id. 4.10; πλήθεϊ πολλοί Hdt. 3.11, cf. 6.44; σὺν πλήθει χερῶν S. OT 123; πλήθει παρόντες in force, Th. 8.22: abs. in acc., κόσοι πλῆθος Hdt. 1.153; πόσοι τὸ π.; Diph. 17.1; ἐρέται . . π. ἀνάριθμοι A. Pers. 40 (anap.); π. ὡς δισχίλιοι X. An. 4.2.2; ἄπειρα τὸ π. Id. Mem. 1.1.14; ἄπειρα καὶ π. καὶ σμικρότητα Anaxag. 1; π. τι πάμπολυ φθειρῶν IG 42(1).122.45, cf. 32 (Epid., iv B.C. ). III magnitude, size, or extent, [ ὄρος] πλήθεϊ μέγιστον καὶ μεγάθεϊ ὑψηλότατον Hdt. 1.203; πεδίον πλῆθος ἄπειρον ib. 204; ἡ ἐρῆμος . . ἐοῦσα πλῆθος ἑπτὰ ἡμερέων ὁδοῦ Id. 4.123; π. χώρας καὶ ἀνθρώπων X. An. 1.5.9 .

2. in Att., of quantity or amount, διὰ π. τῆς ζημίας Th. 3.70; χρημάτων π. Id. 1.9; διὰ πλῆθος οὐσίας Pl. R. 591e, cf. Arist. Pol. 1279a19; ταῦτα οὐδέν ἐστι πλήθει οὐδὲ μεγέθει πρὸς ἐκεῖνα Pl. R. 614a; μετὰ πλήθους ἱδρῶτος multa sudans, Id. Ti. 84e; τὸ π. τοῦ ῥεύματος Plb. 1.75.5; τὸ παρακείμενον π. the amount entered against each, Ostr.Bodl. i 252 (ii B.C.); of money, τὸ ἴσον π. TAM 2.526 ( Pinara ): in pl., quantities, ἐμβρύων Cratin. 326; θαυμαστὸν ὅσ' ἐστ' ἀγαθῶν π. Mnesim. 4.51 (anap.); οἰκοδομημάτων πλήθεσι ἢ μεγέθεσι D.C. 52.30, cf. 10 .

3. more than enough, π. φέρειν LXX Exodus 36:5 .

4. plurality, opp. ἕν, Dam. Pr. 45 . of Time, length, χρόνου Th. 1.1, Pl. Tht. 158d, Isoc. 12.180; π. ἐτῶν Ar. Nu. 855; πλήθει πολλῶν μηνῶν S. Ph. 722 (lyr.). with Preps., or Advbs., ἐς π. in great numbers, Th. 1.14; κατὰ πλῆθος a large number at a time, IG 12.6.112; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π. usually, mostly, Pl. Phdr. 275b; ὡς ἐπὶ τὸ π. εἰπεῖν Arist. GA 786a35; κατὰ π. D.H. 6.67 .

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

πλῆθος , -ους , τό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7230, also for H1995, etc.;]

1. a great number, a multitude;

(a) of things : ἰχθύων , Luke 5:6, John 21:6; φρυγάνων , Acts 28:3; ἁμαρτιίῶν , James 5:20, 1 Peter 4:8; τ . πλήθει , in multitude, Hebrews 11:12;

(b) of persons: Acts 21:22 (WH, R, om.); c. gen., Luke 2:13, John 5:3, Acts 5:14; Papyri πολύ (πολὺ Papyri), Mark 3:7-8; id. c. gen., Luke 6:17; Luke 23:27, Acts 14:1; Acts 17:4.

2. Of persons, c. art., the whole number, the multitude (in Plat., Thuc., Xen., al., = δῆμος , the commons, or-opp. to δῆμος -the populace) : Acts 2:6; Acts 15:30; Acts 19:9; Acts 23:7; τ . λαοῦ , Acts 21:36; τ . πόλεως , Acts 14:4; πᾶν τὸ Papyri, Acts 15:12; c. gen., Luke 1:10; Luke 8:37; Luke 19:37; Luke 23:1, Acts 4:32; Acts 5:16; Acts 6:2; Acts 6:5; Acts 25:24.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Ryl II. 157.21 (A.D. 135) εἰ χρεία γείνοιτο [ποτίσαι ἐ ]ν ̣ ἀναβάσει ἀπὸ ποδὸς τὴν αὐτὴν νοτίνην μερίδα, ";if need arises at the inundation to water the same southern portion with the foot"; (Edd.), a passage which recalls Deuteronomy 11:10 : similarly P Flor III. 369.7 (A.D. 139(149)) μέχρι τ [οῦ ἐ ]σομένου ἀπὸ ποδὸς ποτισ [μ ]οῦ. With Revelation 3:9 cf. PSI IV. 298.20 (iv/A.D.) ἠπείχθη [ν π ]ροσφυγεῖν τοῖς πο [σίν σου, δέσποτα, ἀξιῶν. . . In P Iand 18.8 (vi/vii A.D.) γράφω σοι κατὰ πόδα του ̣των, the phrase = brevissimo post (Ed.), or ";on the back of this,"; ";immediately after this."; Thackeray renders Atisteas 135 παρὰ πόδας ἔχοντες τὴν ἀναισθησίαν, ";although their senselessness is obvious. ";

Commenting on Revelation 10:1 (ICC ad l.) Charles points out that οἱ πόδες should be rendered ";the legs,"; and supports this meaning by the secondary meaning of the Heb. רָנָל = ";leg"; (see BDB Lex. s.v.), and by the fact that in Palestinian Aramaic the word is used for the ";thigh"; of an animal. He adds ";it is possible that this secondary meaning of ποῦς (when used as a rendering of the Hebrew) was not unexampled at the time."; In these circumstances it is interesting to note that in the papyri there are instances of ποῦς, which imply ";leg"; rather than ";foot,"; e.g. P Giss I. 43.14 (A.D. 118–119) οὐλ () κν ̣ήμ (ηι) ποδ (ὸς) ἀριστερο ̣υ ̣̑, ";a wound on the calf of the left leg,"; P Flor 1. 42.9 (A.D. 183) οὐλὴ μηρω ̣̑ [πο ]δὸς δεξιοῦ, ";a wound on the thigh (or legbone) of the right leg,"; and P Lips I. 12.3 (iii/iv A.D.) οὐλὴ ἀντικνημίῳ δεξιοῦ ποδός.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
πληθει πλήθει πληθη πλήθη πληθος πληθός πλήθος πλήθός πλῆθος πληθους πλήθους plethe plēthē plḗthe plḗthē plethei plēthei plḗthei plethos plêthos plēthos plē̂thos plethous plēthous plḗthous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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