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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #435 - ἀνήρ

Transliteration
anḗr
Phonetics
an'-ayr
Origin
a primary word cf (G444)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:360,59
Definition
Thayer's
  1. with reference to sex
    1. of a male
    2. of a husband
    3. of a betrothed or future husband
  2. with reference to age, and to distinguish an adult man from a boy
  3. any male
  4. used generically of a group of both men and women
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  113 ‑ אָדֹן (aw‑done', aw‑done');  120 ‑ אָדָם (aw‑dawm');  376 ‑ אִישׁ (eesh);  582 ‑ אֱנוֹשׁ (en‑oshe');  1004 ‑ בַּיִת (bah'‑yith);  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  1167 ‑ בַּעַל (bah'‑al);  1368 ‑ גִּבֹּר (ghib‑bore', ghib‑bore');  1397 ‑ גֶּבֶר (gheh'‑ber);  2145 ‑ זָכָר (zaw‑kawr');  2205 ‑ זָקֵן (zaw‑kane');  2993 ‑ יָבָם (yaw‑bawm');  4193 ‑ מוֹת (mohth);  4397 ‑ מַלְאָךְ (mal‑awk');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  5387 ‑ נָשִׁא (naw‑see', naw‑see');  5971 ‑ עַם (am);  6213 ‑ עָשָׂה (aw‑saw');  7218 ‑ רֹאשׁ (roshe);  7307 ‑ רוּחַ (roo'‑akh);  7563 ‑ רָשָׁע (raw‑shaw');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (215)
Matthew
8
Mark
4
Luke
26
John
8
Acts
100
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
32
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
NAS (196)
Matthew
8
Mark
4
Luke
25
John
8
Acts
82
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
32
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
HCS (199)
Matthew
8
Mark
4
Luke
25
John
8
Acts
85
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
32
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
BSB (216)
Matthew
8
Mark
4
Luke
27
John
8
Acts
100
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
32
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
ESV (183)
Matthew
8
Mark
4
Luke
21
John
8
Acts
76
Romans
8
1 Corinthians
30
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
WEB (223)
Matthew
10
Mark
4
Luke
27
John
8
Acts
101
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
32
2 Corinthians
1
Galatians
1
Ephesians
7
Colossians
2
1 Timothy
5
Titus
2
James
6
1 Peter
3
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀνήρ, ὁ, ἀνδρός, ἀνδρί, ἄνδρα, voc. ἄνερ: pl. ἄνδρες, -δρῶν, -δράσι [], -dras:

I Aeol. dat. pl. ἄνδρεσι Alc. Supp. 14.8: late nom. sg. ἄνδρας Cat.Cod.Astr. 7.109.7: in Att. the Art. often forms a crasis with the Noun, ἁνήρ for ὁ ἀνήρ, τἀνδρός, τἀνδρί for τοῦ ἀνδρός, etc., ἅνδρες for οἱ ἄνδρες; the Ion. crasis is ὡνήρ, ὧνδρες, Hdt. 4.161, 134: also ἀνέρα, ἀνέρος, ἀνέρι, dual ἀνέρε, pl. ἀνέρες, ἀνέρας, ἄνδρεσσι. [ Poets mostly use in arsi, in thesi; but in trisyll. forms with stem ἀνέρ- always ᾱ; so also Trag. in lyr., S. Tr. 1011, OT 869. But in Trag. senarians always.] (- in nom. by analogy; cf. Skt. nar- from I.- E. ner-, n- from n-, Gk. ἀνδρ- from r-): man, opp. woman (ἄνθρωπος being man as opp. to beast), Il. 17.435, Od. 21.323; τῶν ἀνδρῶν ἄπαις without male children, Pl. Lg. 877e; in Hom. mostly of princes, leaders, etc., but also of free men; ἀ δήμου one of the people, Il. 2.198, cf. Od. 17.352; with a qualifying word to indicate rank, ἀ. βουληφόρος Il. 2.61; ἀ. βασιλεύς Od. 24.253; ἡγήτορες ἄ. Il. 11.687.

II man, opp. god, πατὴρ ἀνδρῶν τε θεῶν τε ib. 1.544, al.; Διὸς ἄγγελοι ἠδὲ καὶ ἀνδρῶν ib. 334, cf. 403, Hdt. 5.63, etc.: most common in pl., yet sts. in sg., e.g. Il. 18.432: freq. with a Noun added, βροτοί, θνητοὶ ἄ., Od. 5.197, 10.306; ἄ. ἡμίθεοι Il. 12.23; ἄ. ἥρωες ib. 5.746: also of men, opp. monsters, Od. 21.303: of men in societies and cities, οὔτε παρ' ἀνδράσιν οὔτ' ἐν ναυσὶ κοίλαις Pi. O. 6.10; and so prob., ἄλλοτε μέν τ' ἐπὶ Κύνθου ἐβήσαο.., ἄλλοτε δ' ἂν νήσους τε καὶ ἀνέρας.. h.Ap. 142.

III man, opp.

1. youth, unless the context determines the meaning, as in οὔ πως ἔστι νεωτέρῳ ἀνδρὶ μάχεσθαι ἄνδρα γέροντα Od. 18.53; but . alone always means a man in the prime of life, esp. warrior, ἀ. ἕλεν ἄνδρα Il. 15.328; so ἀ. ἀντ' ἀνδρὸς ἐλύθησαν Th. 2.103; the several ages are given as παῖς, μειράκιον, ἀ., πρεσβύτης X. Smp. 4.17; εἰς ἄνδρας ἐγγράφεσθαι, συντελεῖν, D. 19.230, Isoc. 12.212; εἰς ἄνδρας ἀναβῆναι BMus.Inscr. 898; in Inscrr. relating to contests, opp. παῖδες, IG 22.1138.10, etc. man emphatically, man indeed, ἀνέρες ἄστε, φίλοι Il. 5.529; freq. in Hdt., πολλοὶ μὲν ἄνθρωποι, ὀλίγοι δὲ ἄνδρες 7.210; πρόσθεν οὐκ ἀ. ὅδ' ἦν; S. Aj. 77; ἄνδρα γίγνεσθαί σε χρή E. El. 693; ἀ. γεγένησαι δι' ἐμέ Ar. Eq. 1255; ὃ μαθὼν ἀ. ἔσει Id. Nu. 823; ἄνδρας ἡγοῦνται μόνους τοὺς πλεῖστα δυναμένους καταφαγεῖν Id. Ach. 77; εἰ ἄνδρες εἶεν οἱ στρατηγοί Th. 4.27; οὐκέτι ἀ. ἀλλὰ σκευοφόρος X. Cyr. 4.2.25; τὸν Αυκομήδην.. μόνον ἄνδρα ἡγοῦντο Id. HG 7.1.24; οὐκ ἐν ἀνδράσι not like a man, E. Alc. 723, cf. 732; ἀνδρὸς τὰ προσπίπτοντα γενναίως φέρειν 'tis the part of a man.., Men. 771, etc. husband, Il. 19.291, Od. 24.196, Hdt. 1.146, etc.; εἰς ἀνδρὸς ὥραν ἡκούσης τῆς κόρης Pl. Criti. 113d; so ἐξοικιεῖν εἰς ἀνδρὸς [οἶκον] θυγατέρα Luc. Lex. 11: also of a paramour, opp. πόσις, S. Tr. 551, cf. E. Hipp. 491, Theoc. 15.131; ἀ. ἁπασῶν τῶν γυναικῶν ἐστι νῦν Pherecr. 155; αἰγῶν ἄνερ Theoc. 8.49.

Special usages:

1 joined with titles, professions, etc., ἰητρὸς ἀ. Il. 11.514; ἀ. μάντις, ἀ. στρατηγός, Hdt. 6.83, 92 (dub.); ἀ. νομεύς S. OT 1118; ἄνδρες λοχῖται, λῃσταί, ἀσπιστῆρες, ib. 751, 842, Aj. 565; esp. in disparagement, κλῶπες ἄ. E. Rh. 645; ἀ. δημότης S. Ant. 690; with names of nations, as Φοίνικες ἄ. Hdt. 4.42; ἀ. Θρῇξ E. Hec. 19,al.; esp. in addresses, ἄ. ἔφοροι Hdt. 9.9; ἄ. πολῖται S. OT 513; ἄ. δικασταί D. 21.1, etc.; ὦ ἄνδρες gentlemen of the jury, Antipho 1.1, Lys. 1.1, etc.; ὦ ἄ. Ἀθηναῖοι Id. 6.8, etc.: hence in Comedy, ἄ. ἰχθύες Archipp. 29; ἄ. θεοί Luc. JTr. 15; ὦ ἄ. κύνες Ath. 4.160b.

2. ὁ ἀνήρ, by crasis Att. ἁνήρ, Ion. ὡνήρ, is freq. used emphatically for αὐτός, ἐκεῖνος Ar. V. 269, prob. in Pl. Sph. 216b, etc.: sts. so in oblique cases without the Art., S. Tr. 55, 109, 293, etc.; but not in Prose.

3. ἀ. ὅδε, ὅδ' ἀ., in Trag., = ἐγώ, S. Aj. 78, E. Alc. 690, etc.

4. πᾶς ἀ. every man, every one, freq. in Pl. Lg. 736c, al., cf. E. Or. 1523.

5. a man, any man, εἶτ' ἄνδρα τῶν αὑτοῦ τι χρὴ προϊέναι; Ar. Nu. 1214; οὐ πρέπει νοῦν ἔχοντι ἀνδρί Pl. Phd. 114d, etc.; οὐ παντὸς ἀνδρὸς.. ἐσθ' ὁ πλοῦς 'tis not every one that can go, Nicol.Com. 1.26.

6. ὦ δαιμόνι' ἀνδρῶν Eup. 316; and often with a Sup., ὦ φίλτατ' ἀνδρῶν Phryn.Com. 80, etc.

7. κατ' ἄνδρα viritim, Isoc. 12.180, POxy. 1047 iii 11, BGU 145.5, etc.; so τοὺς κατ' ἄνδρα individuals, opp. κοινῇ τὴν πόλιν, D.Chr. 32.6.

8. In LXX, ἀνήρ = ἕκαστος, δότε μοι ἀνὴρ ἐνώτιον Judges 8:24; ἀ. τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ προσκολληθήσεται 'each to his fellow', of leviathan's scales, Job 41:8; also ἀ. εἷς 2 Kings 6:2; with negs., ἀ. μὴ ἐπισκεπήτω ib. 10.19; ἀνὴρ ἀνήρ any one, Leviticus 15:2.

9. ἄνδρας γράφειν· τὸ ἐν διδασκάλου τὰ παιδία ὀνόματα γράφειν, Hsch. male animal, Arist. HA 637b15.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀνήρ , ἀνδρός , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H376, freq. H582, also H120 etc.;]

a man, Lat. vir.

1. As opp. to a woman, Acts 8:12, 1 Timothy 2:12; as a husband, Matthew 1:16, John 4:16, Romans 7:2, Titus 1:6.

2. As opp. to a boy or infant, 1 Corinthians 13:11, Ephesians 4:13, James 3:2

3. In appos. with a noun or adj., as . ἁμαρτωλός , Luke 5:8; . προφήτης , Luke 24:19; freq. in terms of address, as . ἀδελφοί , Acts 1:16; and esp. with gentilic names, as .Ἰουδαῖος , Acts 22:3; . Ἐφέσιοι , Acts 19:35.

4. In general, a man, a male person: τις , Luke 8:41, Acts 6:11.

SYN.: ἄνθρωπος G444, q.v. (cf. MM, VGT, s.v.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The special differentia of ἀνήρ : ἄνθρωπος survives in MGr (ἄντρας, ἄθρωπος), where even the old gen. sing. (ἀντρός) may still be found beside the ";regular"; τοῦ ἄντρα (Thumb Handbook, p. 48). Naturally there is nothing particular to record in the uses of this everyday word, which has in NT and Hellenistic generally much the same range as in class. Gk. Thus, taking the index to BGU IV., we can illustrate many of the uses noted for the NT in Grimm from documents of the Augustan period. So (1) husband by the perpetual phrase μετὰ κυρίου τοῦ ἀνδρός after the name of a woman, as 1126.4 (where ἀνδρός is written over an erased ὁμομητρίου ἀδελφοῦ), or in a marriage contract as 1098.33 τηρεῖν τὰ πρὸς τὸ ̣ν ̣ ἄνδρ ̣α ̣ καὶ τὸν κοινὸν βίον δίκαια, while the document will also use ἀνήρ for irregular relations in the pledge μηδ᾽ ἄλλωι ἀνδρὶ συνεῖναι ̣. Then under Grimm’s (3) we have 1189.11 οἱ σημαινόμενοι ἄνδρες ";the persons named,"; 1061.7 where Patellis and ἄλλοι, ἄνδρες ι ̄ε ̅ committed a burglary; the common phrase (τὸ) κατ᾽ ἄνδρα, ";viritim,"; in 1047 iii. 11 (A.D. 131); and (from A.D. 196) 1022.7 ἄνδρες κράτιστοι in address (cf. II. 646.20—A.D. 193—ὦ ἄνδρ ]ες Ἀλεξανδρεῖς) accounts for another use. Ἀνήρ in distinction from νήπιος or παιδίον alone remains : of this less common use we do not happen to notice an example, but literature supplies them in plenty. We might add as an instance of technical use ἀνδρῶν καὶ ἱππέω [ν ], P Flor II. 278iv. 29 (iii/A.D.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ανδρα άνδρα ἄνδρα ανδρας άνδρας ἄνδρας ανδράσι ανδρασιν ανδρασίν ανδράσιν άνδρασιν ἀνδράσιν ανδρες άνδρες ἄνδρες ανδρι ανδρί ἀνδρί ἀνδρὶ ανδρος ανδρός ἀνδρός ἀνδρὸς ανδρων ανδρών ἀνδρῶν ανερ άνερ ἄνερ ανηρ ανήρ ἀνήρ ἀνὴρ ανθείτω ανθέμιον ανθήσαι ανθήσαν ανθήσει άνθινον βασιλεύς ήνθηκεν ήνθησαν ήνθησεν andra ándra andras ándras andrasin andrásin andres ándres andri andrí andrì andron andrôn andrōn andrō̂n andros andrós andròs aner anēr anḗr anḕr áner
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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