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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4962 - συστρέφω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4862) and (G4762)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to twist together, roll together
  2. to collect, combine, unite
    1. of men, to (gather themselves together) assemble
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  2342 ‑ חוּל (khool, kheel);  3648 ‑ כָּמַר (kaw‑mar');  3950 ‑ לָקַט (law‑kat');  6887 ‑ צָרַר (tsaw‑rar');  6908 ‑ קָבַץ (kaw‑bats');  7194 ‑ קָשַׁר (kaw‑shar');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (1)
Acts 1
NAS (3)
Matthew 2
Acts 1
CSB (2)
Matthew 1
Acts 1
BSB (2)
Matthew 1
Acts 1
ESV (2)
Matthew 1
Acts 1
WEB (1)
Acts 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


twist up, roll up, of a whirlwind, μή σ' ἀναρπάσῃ.. συστρέψας ἄφνω A. Fr. 195, cf. Ar. Lys. 975, Th. 61; φρυγάνων πλῆθος Acts 28:3; ἔριον περὶ μηλωτρίδα POxy. 234 ii 12 (ii/iii A.D.); of animals, gather themselves together, in preparing to spring, ς. ἑαυτὸν ὥσπερ θηρίον Pl. R. 336b; ς. τὸν αὐχένα, of one struggling to get loose, Eup. 339; τὰ ὄμματα διὰ κενῆς, ὡς εἴ τι βλέπων, ξυνέστρεφε screwed up his eyes, Hp. Epid. 7.83; συστρέψαι ἑαυτούς, of dolphins, Arist. HA 631a27; [ τὸ χόριον] ς. περὶ αὑτὸ τὴν ὑστέραν Sor. 1.71: Pass., εἰ τὸ χόριον εἰς αὑτὸ συνεστραμμένον εἴη ib. 73; συνεστραμμένη χείρ clenched fist, ib. 102; of a whirlwind, Men. 536.4; of the moon, dub. sens. in Palchus in Cat.Cod.Astr. 8(1).250.

II of soldiers, ς. ἑωυτούς form in a compact body, for attack or defence, collect themselves, rally, Hdt. 9.18; ς. εἰς ταὐτό (sc. τὰς ἵππους) Arist. HA 572b14: freq. in Pass., συστραφέντες in a body, Hdt. 4.136, 6.6, cf. 40; συστρεφόμενοι Id. 9.62, Th. 7.30; ξυνεστρέφοντο ἐν σφίσιν αὐτοῖς Id. 2.4; ὅσον.. ἦν ξυνεστραμμένον ibid.; ἐπὶ πεντήκοντα ἀσπίδων συνεστραμμένοι ἦσαν they were formed in a mass 50 deep, X. HG 6.4.12; so of bees, fishes, Arist. HA 629a19, 621a16.

2. of soldiers, also, συστρέφειν ἐπὶ δόρυ wheel them to the right, v.l. in X. Lac. 13.6; so prob. ς. τὸν ἵππον turn him sharply, Plu. Pyrrh. 16; ς. τὴν ὄψιν Satyr. 3.

III form into an organized whole, unite, τὸ Μηδικὸν ἔθνος Hdt. 1.101; τοὺς τὰς οὐσίας ἔχοντας Arist. Pol. 1304b23: Pass., club together, conspire, Th. 4.68, 8.54; ἐπ' ἐμὲ συστραφέντες ἥκουσι Aeschin. 2.178, cf. LXX 2 Kings 10:9 : in Act., ib. 1 Kings 16:9. Pass., collect, gather, ς. αἷμα ἐς.. Hp. Aph. 5.40; νιφετοῦ συστραφέντος Arist. Mu. 394b2; of humours, gather, come to a head, φύματος συστραφέντος Hp. Prog. 23; of gravel collecting in the bladder, Id. Aër. 9. make the hair curl, Theodect. 17.3: Pass., συνεστραμμένα ξύλα knotted, gnarled, Thphr. HP 3.11.2; ς. ῥίζα Id. CP 1.3.3; κιττὸς συνεστραμμένος ταῖς ῥίζαις Id. HP 3.18.9. condense, congeal, harden, τὸ ψυχρὸν συστρέφον καὶ συσφίγγον Ath. 2.41b; of condensing fluids by heat, ἐν ἡλίῳ Dsc. 3.7 (Act. and Pass.), cf. Gal. 12.834, Aët. 7.91; τὰ γυμνάσια τὰς σάρκας ς. Antyll. ap. Orib. 6.10.15: Pass., to be condensed, acquire substance or consistency, ἀφρὸς ς. Arist. HA 569b18; esp. in pf. part. Pass., σπέρμα ξηρὸν καὶ συνεστραμμένον ib. 523a24; νέφος ἐστὶ πάχος ἀτμῶδες ς. Id. Mu. 394a27; πῦρ ς. concentrated, Epicur. Ephesians 1 p.28U.; compact, ς. τὸ εὐπαγές Phld. Po.Herc. 994.34; σωμάτιον ς. Arr. Epict. 1.24.8; συστρέφεσθαι καὶ ἀπεψῦχθαι, of an infant, Sor. 1.108; γάλα μελιτοειδῶς συστραφέν ib. 91. of sentences, narratives, and the like, bring into a close form, compress, ἐὰν μὴ συστρέφῃ τὰ πράγματα Cratin. 85; ἐνθυμήματα ς. Arist. Rh. 1419a19; ς. τὰ νοήματα, τὸν νοῦν ἐν ὀλίγοις ὀνόμασι, D.H. Isoc. 11, Pomp. 2.5: abs., συστρέψας γράφει writes briefly, curtly, Aeschin. 3.100; ς. εἰπεῖν τὸ πρᾶγμα D.H. Lys. 24: freq. in Pass., ῥῆμα βραχὺ καὶ συνεστραμμένον a short and pithy saying, of the Spartans, Pl. Prt. 342e; λέξις συνεστραμμένη, opp. διῃρημένη, D.H. Rh. 5.7; ἡ Ἀττικὴ γλῶσσα ς. τι ἔχει Demetr. Eloc. 177; συνέστραπται τοῖς νοήμασι D.H. Lys. 5. cf. Dem. 19. also, speak or write in an involved style, twist one's words, Antiph. 52.17, 217.17.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

συστρέφω: 1 aorist participle συτρεψας; present passive participle συστρεφόμενος; (from Aeschylus and Herodotus down);

1. to twist together, roll together (into a bundle): φρυγάνων πλῆθος, Acts 28:3.

2. to collect, combine, unite: τινας, passive (reflexively (?)) of men, to (gather themselves together) assemble: Matthew 17:22 L T Tr text WH, see ἀναστρέφω, 3 a.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

συ -στέφω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7194;]

1. to twist together: c. acc rei, Acts 28:3.

2. Pass., of persons, to gather themselves together: Matthew 17:22 (WH, R, mg.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The spelling τεσσεράκοντα for τεσσαράκοντα is adopted in all the NT occurrences of the word, but is by no means common in the papyri during i–iii/A.D. : see however P Flor I. 61.62 (A.D. 85) (= Chrest. II. p. 89) διὰ τεσ [σ ]εράκοντα ἐτῶν, ib. 86.9 (i/A.D., P Gen I. 24.11 (A.D. 96), P Tebt II. 388.8, 10 (A.D. 98), P Oxy XIV. 1685.15 (A.D. 158), and BGU III. 916.4 (Vespasian) ὡς ἐτῶν τεσε ̣ράκοντ [α.

For the spelling τεσσαράκοντα, which is universal in Ptolemaic times and predominant till the Byzantine age, it is sufficient to note P Lond 262.8 (A.D. II) (= II. p. 177) ἐτῶν τεσσαράκοντα τριῶν (but τεσσερακόστου in l. .1), and P Fay 122.16 (c. A.D. 100) ὑποδείγματ ̣α ̣ μ ̣ε ̣γάλων τεσσαράκοντα, ";forty specimens of the large sort.";

The two forms τεσσ ]αράκοντα and τε ̣σσερα ̣κοντα are found in the same document P Meyer 6.17, .18 (A.D. 125), evidence, as Deissmann has pointed out (ad l. p. 43 f.), that in non-literary texts (including the NT) a fixed form of spelling is not always to be looked for. See further Moulton Gr. ii. p. 66, and Thackeray Gr. i. pp. 62 f., 73 f.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
συνεστράφη συνεστράφην συνεστράφησαν συνεστρέφετο συνέστρεψε συνέστρεψεν συστραφέντας συστρέφετε συστρεφομένη συστρεφομένοις Συστρεφομενων Συστρεφομένων συστρεψαντος συστρέψαντος Sustrephomenon Sustrephomenōn sustrepsantos Systrephomenon Systrephomenōn Systrephoménon Systrephoménōn systrepsantos systrépsantos
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