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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #2856 - חָתַם

Transliteration
châtham
Phonetics
khaw-tham'
Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
780
Definition
Brown-Driver-Briggs'

1) to seal, seal up, affix a seal

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to seal, affix one’s seal

1a2) to seal up, fasten up by sealing

1b) (Niphal) to seal

1c) (Piel) to lock up

1d) (Hiphil) to be stopped

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1863 ‑ ἐπάγω (ep‑ag'‑o);  2696 ‑ κατασφραγίζω (kat‑as‑frag‑id'‑zo);  4931 ‑ συντελέω (soon‑tel‑eh'‑o);  4921 ‑ συνίστημι (soon‑is‑tah'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑an'‑o, soon‑is‑tah'‑ay‑mee);  4972 ‑ σφραγίζω (sfrag‑id'‑zo);  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
KJV (26)
Leviticus
1
Deuteronomy
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
5
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
3
NAS (27)
Leviticus
1
Deuteronomy
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
6
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
3
HCS (26)
Leviticus
1
Deuteronomy
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
5
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
3
BSB (27)
Leviticus
1
Deuteronomy
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
5
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
4
ESV (22)
Leviticus
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
3
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
3
WEB (26)
Leviticus
1
Deuteronomy
1
1 Kings
1
Nehemiah
2
Esther
4
Job
5
Song of Solomon
1
Isaiah
3
Jeremiah
4
Ezekiel
1
Daniel
3
Verse Results
Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2223) mth (ההתמ HhTM) AC: Seal CO: Signet AB: ?: A document is rolled up and sealed with wet clay. The signet ring of the owner bears the image of his seal and is pressed into the clay. [from: mt- a completed document]

V) mth (ההתמ HhTM) - Seal: To seal something closed. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (28): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) seal, mark, stop - Strongs: H2856 (חָתַם), H2857 (חֲתַם)

gm) mtfh (ההותמ HhWTM) - Signet: A ring or cylinder with the owners seal that is pressed into clay to show ownership. KJV (14): signet, seal - Strongs: H2368 (חֹתָמ)

gf2) tmtfh (ההותמת HhWTMT) - Signet: A ring or cylinder with the owners seal that is pressed into clay to show ownership. KJV (1): signet - Strongs: H2858 (חֹתֶמֶת)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2021
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חָתַם fut. יַחְתֹּם

(1)  to seal, to seal up, to set a seal upon. A kindred root to other verbs of shutting, as חָטַם, אָטַם, עָצַם. Arab. ختم id. Conj. IV. to lock up. The general sense of shutting is also found in some forms of the Ethiopic root ኀተመ፡ see Ludolph, p. 282. Construed absol. Jeremiah 32:10, 44 Jeremiah 32:44 followed by בְּ of the signet ring, 1 Kings 21:8; Esther 8:8 with an accus. Isaiah 8:16, חֲתֹם תּוֹרָה “seal up the oracle” [rather, the law]; also בְּעַד Job 9:7 (compare בְּעַד No. 3), and בְּ Job 37:7, בְּיַד כָּל־אָדָם יַחְתֹּם “he seals up the hand of every man,” i.e. restrains them from labour, hinders them from using their hands. Job 33:16, בְּמֹסָרָם יַחְתֹּם properly “he seals up their instruction,” i.e. instructs them privately. (In this sense it answers to the Arab. حتم followed by ب to reveal to some one; see Schult. ad h. l.) Part. pass. חָתוּם sealed up, Song of Solomon 4:12; Job 14:17. The ancients were accustomed to put a seal on many things for which we use a lock (Lips. ad Tac. Annal. ii. 2; Salmas. Exercitatt. cap. 45), Cant. loc. cit.; compare Daniel 6:18; Matthew 27:66. From a roll or letter when completed receiving a seal, the signification arises

(2) to complete (like Arab. ختم to mark with a sign of conclusion, finis, to finish). Daniel 9:24, לַחְתֹּם חָזוֹן וְנָבִיא “until the predictions of the prophets be fulfilled,” [too loose a rendering of the Hebrew].

Niphal pass. of No. 1, to be sealed, Esther 3:12, 8:8.

Piel, to shut (see under Kal No. 1), followed by לְ as though it were, to put a barrier, to set a lock on something. Job 24:16, יוֹמָם חִתְּמוּ לָמוֹ “in the day they hide themselves,” properly “they shut up an enclosure around themselves.”

Hiphil, i.q. Piel, once occurs, Leviticus 15:3, אוֹ הֶחְתִּים בְּשָׂרוֹ מִזּוֹבוֹ “whether he stop his flesh from flowing,” i.e. the passage be so stopped that the issue cannot run freely.

Derivatives חוֹתָם, חֹתֶמֶת.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available BibleSupport.com
List of Word Forms
בְּחֹתָמ֑וֹ בחתמו הֶֽחָת֔וּם הֶֽחָת֛וּם הֶֽחָתוּם֒ הֶחְתִּ֤ים הֶחָת֗וּם הַחֲתוּמִ֑ים החתום החתומים החתים וְחִתְמ֖וּ וְחָתוֹם֮ וְלַחְתֹּם֙ וְנֶחְתָּ֖ם וְנַחְתּ֛וֹם וַחֲתֹ֥ם וַחֲתֻמִ֛ים וַיַּחְתֹּ֖ם וָֽאֶחְתֹּ֔ם וּלְהָתֵ֤ם ואחתם וחתום וחתם וחתמו וחתמים ויחתם ולהתם ולחתם ונחתום ונחתם חֲת֥וֹם חִתְּמוּ־ חָת֖וּם חָתֻ֖ם חָתֻ֣ם חָתֽוּם׃ חוֹתֵ֣ם חותם חתום חתום׃ חתם חתמו־ יַחְתֹּֽם׃ יַחְתּ֑וֹם יחתום יחתם׃ bə·ḥō·ṯā·mōw bechotaMo bəḥōṯāmōw chaTom chaTum chittemu choTem ha·ḥă·ṯū·mîm ḥă·ṯō·wm ḥā·ṯum ḥā·ṯūm hachatuMim haḥăṯūmîm ḥăṯōwm ḥāṯum ḥāṯūm he·ḥā·ṯūm hechaTum hechTim heḥ·tîm heḥāṯūm heḥtîm ḥit·tə·mū- ḥittəmū- ḥō·w·ṯêm ḥōwṯêm ū·lə·hā·ṯêm ulehaTem ūləhāṯêm vachaTom vachatuMim vaechTom vaiyachTom vechatOm vechitMu velachTom venachTom venechTam wā’eḥtōm wā·’eḥ·tōm wa·ḥă·ṯōm wa·ḥă·ṯu·mîm waḥăṯōm waḥăṯumîm way·yaḥ·tōm wayyaḥtōm wə·ḥā·ṯō·wm wə·ḥiṯ·mū wə·laḥ·tōm wə·naḥ·tō·wm wə·neḥ·tām wəḥāṯōwm wəḥiṯmū wəlaḥtōm wənaḥtōwm wəneḥtām yachTom yaḥ·tō·wm yaḥ·tōm yaḥtōm yaḥtōwm
Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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חֲתַם