Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #4983 - σῶμα

Transliteration
sōma
Phonetics
so'-mah
Origin
from (G4982)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
7:1024,1140
Definition
Thayer's
  1. the body both of men or animals
    1. a dead body or corpse
    2. the living body
      1. of animals
  2. the bodies of planets and of stars (heavenly bodies)
  3. is used of a (large or small) number of men closely united into one society, or family as it were; a social, ethical, mystical body
    1. so in the NT of the church
  4. that which casts a shadow as distinguished from the shadow itself
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 216 ‑ אוֹר (ore);  1320 ‑ בָּשָׂר (baw‑sawr');  1472 ‑ גְּוִיָּה (ghev‑ee‑yaw');  1480 ‑ גּוּפָה (goo‑faw');  1655 ‑ גְּשֵׁם (gheh'‑shem);  2428 ‑ חַיִל (khah'‑yil);  2945 ‑ טַף (taf);  5038 ‑ נְבֵלָה (neb‑ay‑law');  5315 ‑ נֶפֶשׁ (neh'‑fesh);  6297 ‑ פֶּגֶר (peh'‑gher);  7607 ‑ שְׁאֵר (sheh‑ayr');  7607 ‑ שְׁאֵר (sheh‑ayr');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (146)
Matthew
16
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
47
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
5
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
NAS (142)
Matthew
14
Mark
4
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
46
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
5
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
HCS (140)
Matthew
14
Mark
4
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
46
2 Corinthians
9
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
4
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
BSB (142)
Matthew
14
Mark
4
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
46
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
5
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
ESV (143)
Matthew
15
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
6
Acts
1
Romans
13
1 Corinthians
47
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
7
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
5
1 Peter
1
Revelation
1
WEB (149)
Matthew
17
Mark
5
Luke
13
John
7
Acts
1
Romans
14
1 Corinthians
47
2 Corinthians
10
Galatians
1
Ephesians
9
Philippians
3
Colossians
8
1 Thessalonians
1
Hebrews
5
James
5
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
1
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

σῶμα, ατος, τό

(Arc. dat. pl. σωμάτεσι IG 5(2).357.156 (Stymphalus, iii B.C.)),

body of man or beast, but in Hom., as Aristarch. remarks (v. Apollon. Lex.), always dead body, corpse (whereas the living body is δέμας), ὥς τε λέων ἐχάρη μεγάλῳ ἐπὶ σώματι κύρσας Il. 3.23, cf. 18.161; ς. δὲ οἴκαδ' ἐμὸν δόμεναι πάλιν 7.79; ς. κατελείπομεν ἄθαπτον Od. 11.53; ὦν.. σώματ' ἀκηδέα κεῖται 24.187; so also in Hes. Sc. 426, Simon. 119, Pi. O. 9.34, Hdt. 7.167, Posidon. 14 J., Mark 15:43, etc.; τὸ ς. τοῦ τεθνεῶτος Pl. R. 469d, cf. Grg. 524c, D. 43.65; ς. νεκρόν POxy. 51.7 (ii A.D.); νεκρὸν ς. Gal. 18(2).93, cf. νεκρός 11.1; μέγιστον ς... σποδου, = ς. μέγιστον ὃ νῦν σποδός ἐστι, S. El. 758; also later, Wilcken Chr. 499 (ii/iii A.D.).

2. the living body, Hes. Op. 540, Batr. 44, Thgn. 650, Pi. O. 6.56, P. 8.82, Hdt. 1.139, etc.; δόμοι καὶ σώματα A. Th. 896 (lyr.); γενναῖος τῷ ς. S. Ph. 51; εὔρωστος τὸ ς. X. HG 6.1.6; τὸ ς. σῴζειν or -εσθαι save one's life, D. 22.55, Th. 1.136; διασῴζειν or -εσθαι Isoc. 6.46, X. An. 5.5.13; περὶ πολλῶν ς. καὶ χρημάτων βουλεύειν Th. 1.85; περὶ τοῦ ς. ἀγωνίζεσθαι for one's life, Lys. 5.1; ἔχειν τὸ ς. κακῶς, ὡς βέλτιστα, etc., to be in a bad, a good state of bodily health, X. Mem. 3.12.1, 3.12.5.

3. body, opp. spirit (εἴδωλον), Pi. Fr. 131; opp. soul (ψυχή), Pl. Grg. 493a, Phd. 91d; τὰ τοῦ ς. ἔργα bodily labours, X. Mem. 2.8.2; αἱ τοῦ ς. ἡδοναί, αἱ κατὰ τὸ ς. ἡδ., ib. 1.5.6, Pl. R. 328d; τὰ εἰς τὸ ς. τιμήματα bodily punishments, Aeschin. 2.139; τὰ εἰς τὸ ς. ἀδικήματα PHal. 1.193 (iii B.C.).

4. animal body, opp. plants, Pl. R. 564a (pl.); but of plants, 1 Corinthians 15:38.

5. civic rights (like Lat. caput), Lys. 23.12; ἄτιμοι τὰ ς. And. 1.74; μέρος ἠτιμῶσθαι τοῦ ς. D. 51.12.

6. in NT, of the sacramental body of Christ, τοῦτό ἐστι τὸ ς. μου Matthew 26:26; Ephesians 1 Corinthians 10:16. of the body of Christ's church, οἱ πολλοὶ ἓν ς. ἐσμεν ἐν Χριστῷ Romans 12:5; ἡ ἐκκλησία ἥτις ἐστὶ τὸ ς. [τοῦ Χριστοῦ ] Ephesians 1:23.

II periphr., ἀνθρώπου ς. ἓν οὐδέν, = ἄνθρωπος οὐδὲ εἷς, Hdt. 1.32; esp. in Trag., σῶμα θηρός, = θήρ, S. OC 1568 (lyr.); τεκέων σώματα, = τέκνα, E. Tr. 201 (lyr.); τὸ σὸν ς., = σύ, Id. Hec. 301; rarely in sg. of many persons, σῶμα τέκνων Id. Med. 1108 (anap.).

2. a person, human being, τὰ πολλὰ ς., = οἱ πολλοί, S. Ant. 676; λευκὰ γήρᾳ ς. E. HF 909 (lyr.); ς. ἄδικα Id. Supp. 223, cf. Pl. Lg. 908a, PSI 4.359.9 366.7 (iii B.C.), etc.; ἑκάστου τοῦ σώματος, IG 12.22.14; κατὰ σῶμα per person, PRLaws 50.9 (iii B.C.); καταστήσαντες τὸ ς. ἀφείσθωσαν τῆς ἐγγύης PMich.Zen. 70.12 (iii B.C.); ἐργαζομένη αὑτῇ τῷ ἰδίῳ ς. working for her self, earning her own living, PEnteux. 26.7 (iii B.C.); τὰ φίλτατα ς., of children, Aeschin. 3.78; freq. of slaves, αἰχμάλωτα ς. D. 20.77, IG 12(7).386.25 (Amorgos, iii B.C.), SIG 588.64 (Milet., ii B.C.), etc.; οἰκετικὰ ς. Lexap. Aeschin. 1.16, cf. SIG 633.88 (Milet., ii B.C.); δοῦλα Poll. 3.78; ἐλεύθερα ς. X. HG 2.1.19, Plb. 2.6.6, etc.; later, σῶμα is used abs. for a slave, PHib. 1.54.20 (iii B.C.), Plb. 12.16.5, Revelation 18:13, etc.; ς. γυναικεῖον, ᾇ ὄνομα.. GDI 2154.6 (Delph., ii B.C.); a usage censured by Poll.l.c. and Phryn. 355; also of troops, τὴν τῶν ς. σύνταξιν Aen.Tact. 1.1; μηχανήμασιν ἢ σώμασιν ἐναντιοῦσθαι ὧδε Id. 32.1.

III generally, a body, i.e. any corporeal substance, δεῖ αὐτὸ (sc. τὸ ὄν) ς. μὴ ἔχειν Meliss. 9; ἢ μέγεθός ἐστιν ἢ ς. ἐστιν Gorg. 3; ς. ἄψυχον, ἔμψυχον, Pl. Phdr. 245e, cf. Plt. 288e, Arist. Ph. 265b29, al.; ὁ λίθος ς. ἐστι Luc. Vit.Auct. 25; φασὶν οἱ μὲν ς. εἶναι τὸν χρόνον, οἱ δὲ ἀσώματον S.E. M. 10.215; κυκλικὸν ς., of one of the spheres, Jul. Or. 5.162b, al.; τὸ πέμπτον ς. the fifth element, Philol. 12, Placit. 1.3.22, Jul. Or. 4.132c; metallic substance, Olymp. Alch.p.71 B.

2. Math., figure of three dimensions, solid, opp. a surface, etc., Arist. Top. 142b24,

Metaph. 1020a14, al. the body or whole of a thing, esp. of complete parts of the body, τὸ ς. τῶν νεφρῶν Id. HA 497a9; τὰ ς. τῶν αἰσθητηρίων Id. GA 744b24; τὸ ς. τῆς γαστρός, τῆς κοιλίας, Gal. 15.667,806; ς. παιδοποιόν Ael. NA 17.42: generally, the whole body or frame of a thing, ὑπὸ σώματι γᾶς A. Th. 947 (lyr.); τὸ ς. τοῦ παντός, τοῦ κόσμου, Pl. Ti. 31b. 32c; ὕδωρ, ποταμοῦ ς. Chaerem. 17; τὸ ς. τῆς πίστεως the body of the proof, i.e. arguments, Arist. Rh. 1354a15; τῆς λέξεως Longin. Rh. p.188 H.; of a body of writings, Cic. Att. 2.1.4; text of a document, opp. ὑπογραφή, BGU 187.12 (ii A.D.), cf. PFay. 34.20 (ii A.D.); of a will, POxy. 494.30 (ii A.D.).

2. ξύλα σώματα logs, opp. κλάδοι, POxy. 1738.3 (iii A.D.); ς. μέγα περσέας CPHerm. 7 ii 27, cf. iii 8 (iii A.D.).

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

σῶμα , -τος , τό ,

[in LXX for H1320, H1472, etc., and for Aram.]

a body.

1. Prop., of the human body,

(a) as always in Hom. (opp. to δέμας ), of the dead body: Matthew 27:58-59, Mark 15:43, al.;

(b) of the living body: Luke 11:34, 1 Corinthians 6:13, al.; ἐν σ . εἶναι , Hebrews 13:3; as the instrument of the soul, τὰ διὰ τοῦ σ ., 2 Corinthians 5:10; opp. to πνευμα , Romans 8:10, 1 Corinthians 5:3; 1 Corinthians 7:4, James 2:26; to ψυχή , Matthew 6:25; Matthew 10:28, Luke 12:22 (cf. Wisdom of Solomon 1:4, al.); to τὸ Papyri καὶ ἡ ψ ., 1 Thessalonians 5:23; σ . ψυχικόν , opp. to σ . πνευματικόν , 1 Corinthians 15:44; ὁ ναὸς τοῦ σ . αὐτοῦ (gen. epexeg.), John 2:21; τὸ σ . τ . ταπεινώσεως ἡμῶν (Hebraistic "gen. of definition"; M, Pr., 73 f.; B1., § 35, 5), opp. to τὸ σ . τ . δοξῆς αὐτοῦ , Philippians 3:21; similarly, τὸ σ . τ . σαρκός , Colossians 1:22; σ . τοῦ θανάτου (subject to death), Romans 7:24; σ . τ . ἁμαρτίας , Romans 6:6;

(c) periphr., ἀνθρώπου σ ., then absol., σῶμα (Soph., Xen., al.), a person, and in later writers (Polyb., al.), a slave: Revelation 18:13 (cf. MM, i, ii, xxiv; Deiss., BS, 160).

2. Of the bodies of animals: living, James 3:3; dead, Hebrews 13:11 (Exodus 29:14, al.).

3. Of inanimate objects (cf. Eng. "heavenly bodies"): 1 Corinthians 15:37-38; 1 Corinthians 15:40 (Diod., al.).

4. Of any corporeal substance (Plat., al.): opp. to σκιά , Colossians 2:17. Metaph., of a number of persons united by a common bond; in NT, of the Church as the spiritual body of Christ: Romans 12:5, 1 Corinthians 10:16-17; 1 Corinthians 12:13; 1 Corinthians 12:27, Ephesians 1:23; Ephesians 2:16; Ephesians 4:4; Ephesians 4:12; Ephesians 4:16; Ephesians 5:23; Ephesians 5:30, Colossians 1:18; Colossians 1:24; Colossians 2:19; Colossians 3:15; ἓν σ . κ . ἓν πνεῦμα , Ephesians 4:4.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

(1) lit. ";watch,"; ";observe"; : P Tebt II. 278.43 (early i/A.D.) τηρῖ μ ̣[ε ] γ ̣α ̣ρ, ";for he watches me (?)"; (Edd.). (2) ";guard,"; ";protect"; : PSI III. 168.9 (B.C. 118) τηροῦντός μου σὺν ἄλλοις ἐπὶ τοῦ ἐμ Ποχρίμει βασιλικοῦ χώματος, P Oxy VI. 985 (accounts—2nd half i/A.D.) ἐργάτηι τηροῦντι τὸν οἶνον. . . (δραχμαὶ) δ ̄. (3) ";keep,"; ";preserve"; : BGU IV. 1141.25 (B.C. 13) κἀγὼ τὴν φιλίαν σου θέλων ἄμεμπτ [ον ] ἐματὸν ἐτήρησα (cf. 1 Thessalonians 5:23), P Oxy XIV. 1757.23 (ii/A.D., after Hadrian) κόμισαι παρὰ Θέωνος μάν ̣ι ̣α (";vessels";?) δύο καὶ τήρησόν μοι αὐτὰ ἕως ἀναβῶ, ib. III. 533.18 (ii/iii A.D.) ἵνα τηρήσωσι αὐτῶν τὴν δεξιάν, ";that they should keep their pledge,"; ib. VIII. 1160.16 (iii/iv A.D.) τὰ σεσύλληχα δὲ κέρμα <τα > τηρῶ αὐτὰ εἰς τὴν δίκην, ";I am keeping for the trial the money that I have collected"; (Ed.), and ib. X. 1298.7 (iv/A.D.) ἐγὼ μόνος (l. μόνον ?) πάνυ ἐμαυτὸν τηρῶν ὑπὲρ τὸν ἀσφαλήν, ";I have been keeping myself quite alone beyond the point of safety"; (Edd.).

A good parallel to 2 Timothy 4:7 is afforded by Brit. Mus. Inscrr. Part III. No. 587 b..5 (ii/A.D.) ὅτι τὴν πίστιν ἐτήρησα : cf. Deissmann LAE2, p. 309. See also JTS vi. (1905), p. 438, for the suggestion that in John 2:10 τηρέω = ";maintain,"; ";keep going";—";Thou hast kept going the good wine even until now."; (4) ";reserve,"; ";set aside";; P Tebt II. 302.28 (A.D. 71–2) τὴν γῆν τὴν ἀντὶ συ ]ντάξεως ἡμεῖν ἐκ διαδοχῆς γονέων τετηρημένην, ";this land which has been reserved to us instead of a subvention by inheritance from our ancestors"; (Edd.), P Amh II. 71.14 (A.D. 178–9) ὧν ἡ [κ ]αρπεία τοῦ (ἡμίσους) μέρους τετήρηται τῇ προγεγρ (αμμένῃ) μου μητρί, ";the usufruct of the half part of which was reserved to my aforesaid mother"; (Edd.), and cf. P Oxy II. 237viii. 35 (A.D. 186) οἷς ἡ μὲν χρῆσ íε ýις διὰ δημοσίων τετήρητραι χρηματισμῶν, ";to whom the usufruct of the property has been guaranteed by public contracts"; (Edd.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
σωμα σώμα σώμά σῶμα σῶμά σώμασιν σωματα σώματα σωματι σώματι σώματί σωματος σώματος σώματός σωματων σωμάτων soma sôma sômá sōma sō̂ma sō̂má somata sōmata sṓmata somati sōmati sṓmati sṓmatí somaton somáton sōmatōn sōmátōn somatos sōmatos sṓmatos sṓmatós
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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